HSCI Midterm 1

  1. What are the 4 leading causes of mortality in ALL AGE GROUPS?
    Heart Disease, Malignant Neoplasms (cancer), Cerebrovascular Disease, Chronic Respiratory Disease, Unintentional Injury
  2. Define Mortality
    The proportion of deaths to the population
  3. What are the 4 leading causes of mortality in AGES 15-24?
    Unintentional Injury, Homicide, Suicide, Malignant Neoplasms (Cancer), Heart Disease
  4. Describe this dimension: Physical Health.
    The ability to perform normal activities of daily life.
  5. Describe this dimension: Emotional Health.
    The ability to control one's emotions, and able to express them freely when appropriate.
  6. Describe this dimension: Spiritual Health.
    The belief in a supreme being through religion. On the other hand, it is also leading a balanced, fulfilling life.
  7. Describe this dimension: Social Health.
    The ability to create and maintain interpersonal relationships, adaptation to social situations, and act appropriately in social places.
  8. Describe this dimension: Intellectual Health.
    The ability to think cognitively to solve problems, analyze critically, reason objectively, and learn from mistakes.
  9. Describe this dimension: Environmental Health.
    The appreciation for the external environment and the efforts to preserve, protect, and improve the environment.
  10. Define homicide.
    Homicide is death caused by intent to injure or kill.
  11. Define sexual assault.
    Sexual intimacy with another without their consent.
  12. Define sexual harassment.
    Sexual attention to someone without their consent in terms of personal performance or employment.
  13. What are the leading causes of violence?
    Poverty, Unemployment, Parental Influences, Political, social, ethnic, sexual, or religious differences, stress, discrimination, or substance abuse.
  14. Define domestic violence.
    Use of force to control another in a home environment. Includes both harm and threat to harm.
  15. Define rape.
    Sexual penetration without victim's consent.
  16. Describe global warming.
    Carbon Dioxide is excessive in the atmosphere, causing a greenhouse effect around the surface, taking in solar heat and trapping some of it, warming the planet.
  17. List the sources of sulfur dioxide pollution.
    Sulfur burning (like coal or oil), fuel extraction from oil, metal extraction from ore.
  18. List the sources of carbon monoxide pollution.
    Motor vehicle emission.
  19. Define zero population growth.
    The belief system that each couple creates up to 2 offspring to replace them when they die, causing the population growth to stabilize.
  20. Define health.
    The ever-changing process of achieving an individual's potential in the physical, social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and environmental dimensions.
  21. Describe enabling factors.
    Enabling factors are things that make it easy or difficult to make a health decision. Examples include convenient resources, skills, abilities, etc.
  22. Describe reinforcing factors.
    Reinforcing factors are things that either support or discourage a behavior. Examples include rewards, family support, or health provider costs.
  23. Describe predisposing factors.
    Life experiences, knowledge, cultural and ethnic backgrounds are predisposing factors.
  24. Define shaping.
    Shaping is to take small steps to reach a greater goal.
  25. Define visualization.
    Visualization is to picture a goal in the mind to better prepare for it.
  26. Define reinforcement.
    Presenting something positive following a behavior.
  27. What is primary aggression?
    Primary aggression is a goal-directed, hostile assertion that is destructive in character.
  28. What is reactive aggression?
    Reactive aggression is a hostile emotional reaction due to frustrating life experiences.
  29. What is incidence?
    Incidence is the number of new cases.
  30. What is prevalence?
    Prevalence is the number of existing cases?
  31. What is morbidity?
    Morbidity is the incidence of disease.
  32. What is the cycle of violence?
  33. What is a case study?
    A case study is an observational study of an individual or small group of people to compare to the greater population.
  34. What is a survey?
    A survey is an interview or questionnaire to determine statistical data for the greater population.
  35. What is an experiment?
    An experiment is a scientific study of biological or chemical properties to determine characteristics.
  36. What are primary research sources?
    Original works, written when occurrence happened. Examples: scholarly journals, diaries, letters, works of literature.
  37. What are secondary research sources?
    Analytical works. Examples: magazines, newspapers, commentaries, biographical works.
  38. What are tertiary research sources?
    Summaries of works. Examples: dictionary, encyclopedia, scholarly books, bibliography.
  39. Define atherosclerosis.
    A condition characterized by plaque build-up in the inner linings of an artery.
  40. Define cancer.
    A large group of diseases that are characterized by the uncontrollable growth and spread of abnormal cells.
  41. What are oncogenes?
    They are suspected cancer-causing genes.
  42. What are carcinogens?
    They are cancer-causing agents.
  43. Healthy People 2010 primary goals are:
    1. Increase the life expectancy, and 2. Eliminate health disparities.
  44. Healthy People 2010 focus goal is to lower the proportion of adults who smoke. What is the base statistic, the goal statistic, and current statistic?
    Base statistic: 24%. Goal statistic: 12%. Current statistic: 20%.
  45. Healthy People 2010 focus goal is to increase smoke-free environments. What is the base, goal, and current statistic?
    Base statistic: 37%. Goal statistic: 100%. Current statistic: 64%.
  46. Healthy People 2010 focus goal is to increase the percentage of people using safety belts. What is the base, goal, and current statistic?
    Base statistic: 69%. Goal statistic: 92%. Current statistic: 82%.
Card Set
HSCI Midterm 1
Study Guide for First Midterm