A system of employment whereby an independent civil service commission, in cooperation with the city personnel section and the police department, sets employment qualifications, performance standards, and discipline procedures.
The exercise of individual judgment, instead of formal rules, in making decisions.
A practice in which the police make an arrest for every violation of law that comes to their attention.
The practice of relying on the judgement of the police leadership and rank-and-file officer to decide which laws to enforce.
The stopping and/or detaining of individuals by law enforcement officials based solely on race.
The harmful physical and emotional outcomes that occur when the requirements of a job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker.
A form of suicide in which a person gets fatally shot after intentionally provoking police officers.
A measure of coercion beyond that necessary to control participants in a conflict.
Officers who occasionally engage in illegal and unethical activities, such as accepting small favors, gifts, or money for ignoring violations of the law during the course of their duties.
Officers who actively seek ways to make money illegally while on duty.