Anglo Saxons

  1. When was the Anglo Saxon Period?
  2. What was one of the earliest epics that when first discovered was in cunieform script?
    Gilgamesh Epic
  3. In the Gilgamesh epics were found, what were they written in?
    cunieform script on clay tablets.
  4. In the Gilgamesh epic what was unique about the king?
    He was part human and part god.
  5. What is Londonium?
    Preset day London
  6. What are two facts about Londonium?
    • It was founded by the Romans
    • It was known as a trading port
  7. ___________ was founded by the Romas
  8. ___________ was known as a trading port
  9. What happened in 409 AD?
    Romans withdrew from Britian
  10. When did the Romans withdraw from Britian?
    409 AD
  11. When did London regain its importance?
  12. Where is London located?
    along the Thimes river
  13. Today London is a leading what?
    financial, cultural and commercial center
  14. When was Beowoulf first recorded?
  15. What happened in 700?
    Beowoulf discovered
  16. Who was Venerable Bead?
    • a monk and scholar known for "History of the English Church and People"
    • Father of English history
  17. Who was the father of English History?
  18. Who wrote "History of the English Church and People"
  19. What was Bead's purpose?
    to show how church brought unity to England
  20. Up to the point of Bead, there was a lot of what?
  21. When did Alfred the Great become the King of England?
  22. When was the Exitor book written?
  23. What was the Exitor book?
    • book of English poetry
    • our chief source of Anglo Saxon poetry
  24. When did the Anglo Saxon period come to an end?
  25. Why did the Anglo Saxon period come to an end?
    Norman invasion and N defeats the Saxons
  26. Who became King after the end of the Anglo Saxons?
    William the Conquorer
  27. What comprised the island of great Britain?
    England, Scotland, Wales
  28. What is the then area of Great Britain now known as?
    United Kingdom
  29. Why is present day knowledge of Briton limited?
    they left no writing
  30. Who were the first ancient people?
  31. From what time did the Celts dominate most of Western and Central Europe?
    700 BC
  32. From 700 BC the Celts dominated most of where?
    Western and Central Europe
  33. Celts had what two highly developed systems?
    Highly developed religion and that specified individual rights
  34. What did the Celts legal system specify?
    Individual Rights
  35. The language of the Celts dominate where until when?
    Great Britian until about 5th century
  36. What are druids?
  37. What is the meaning of the word Druids?
    "knowing the oak tree"
  38. How long have Druids existed?
    Since around 3rd century BC
  39. What was considered sacred by the Celts?
    • oak trees
    • mistletoe > kissing under originated with the Druids
  40. Within the Celtic society, the Druids developed what?
    an upper class
  41. What was transmigration of the souls?
    belief that soul was immortal. passing in death from one person to another
  42. Who was Sir Thomas Mallory?
    he created King Arthur and the knights of the round table
  43. What were Irish folktales filled with?
    • ideas of good luck
    • -come from celtic tales of love an magic
  44. Where do the ideas for Irish folk tales come from?
    The Celtic tales of love and magic
  45. Romans were known as what?
    Great Administrators
  46. What was built in Britain that linked tribal capitals together?
    5000 miles of stone roads
  47. Who built 5000 miles of stone roads?
    The Romans
  48. What did the 5000 miles of stone road that the Romans built do?
    • Linked tribal capitals like London, York, and Witchester
    • facilitated trade
    • collection of taxes and movement of troops
  49. What was the Hadrians Wall?
    a 73 mile great defense wall that linked the North Se and Atlantic near present day border between England and Scotland
  50. What was along the Hadrians wall and what were they used for?
    17 large stone forts used in order to house Roman legions who were guarding the frontier
  51. Old Britian and Celts were the same people? T or F?
  52. Who drove out the Celts?
    The Anglo Saxons
  53. What were positive attributes in the eyes of Anglo Saxons?
    love of freedom, chase (pure) women, lack of public extravagance
  54. Why was King Alfred so dang Great?
    • helped save Wessex and other kingdoms from the Danes
    • Helped to create cohesive English society
    • example: any cities destroyed during invasion he helped restore
    • revived interest in learning
  55. What were small kingdoms referred to as?
  56. What was the old warrior religion?
  57. Who was St. Augustine?
    most important missionary
  58. Who was Caedmon?
    the first English religious poet
  59. What was success measured in?
    Gifts to the leader
  60. What were the two classes in society?
    Thanes or the Earls and the Churls or the Bondservants
  61. Who was the upper and lower class in society?
    Thanes=upper and Churls= lower (always trying to seek independent freedom)
  62. What is "Witan"?
    a wiseman
  63. Who did the Anglo Saxon king consult with?
  64. Who were Churls?
    an assembly of respected Earls who provided the hard labor
  65. If the two groups were not bound, what would happen?
    they would receive royal favors
  66. Who is Saint Hilda?
    Originally founded Whitby Abbey
  67. Who originally founded Whitby Abbey?
    Saint Hilda>Hild
  68. What was Whitby Abbey?
    a place for monks and nuns
  69. What happened in 867?
    Whitby Abbey was destroyed by Vikings
  70. When was Whitby Abbey destroyed?
  71. What is "wyrd"?
    word used to represent ones faith in life
  72. How did you gain fame in Anglo Saxon culture?
    be heroic
  73. What did Anglo Saxons believed survived death?
  74. Who was Scop?
    A skilled storyteller/professional poet
  75. Kvasir:
    brewed from the blood of a wise guy and murdered by dwarfs
  76. Mead came into possesion of a what
    a giant
  77. Giant was stolen by who
  78. What did the giant become?
    n eagle
  79. Where did the eagle carry poetry to?
    the world of the gods
  80. What was poetry originally considered as?
    a sacred mead
  81. Poetry described as" ________" or "__________"
    "Odins theft" or "Kusir's blood"
  82. What is another name for a common hall?
    mead hall
  83. Poetry was what kind of art?
    an oral art
  84. What were the two most important traditions of Anglo Saxon poetry?
    • Heroic (Beowulf)
    • Elegiac (Seafarer)
  85. What is an example of a heroic?
  86. What is an example of an Elegiac?
  87. What is an elegy?
    morns the death of a person or lament something lost
  88. What is the shamrock?
    a three leafed plant and the national flower and symbol of Ireland
  89. What did St. Patrick use the shamrock for?
    used it to describe the holy trinity. 3 person god head of Christianity (father, spirit, holy ghost)
  90. What was the purpose of monostaries?
    they were centers for learning
  91. Who wrote the Anglo Saxon Chronicle?
    King Alfred
  92. What was the Anglo Saxon Chronicle?
    • the first historical documentation of England
    • first important prose work of England
  93. Define epic
    a long narrative poem that relates the great deeds of a larger than life hero who embodies the values of a particular society
  94. Define epithet
    an adjective or other descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person, place, or thing
  95. Define archetype
    a pattern that appears in literature across cultures and is repeated through the ages. can be a character, plot, image, or setting
  96. What is a kenning?
    • a special metaphor made of compound words
    • staple of Anglo Saxon literature that also has a place in our language today
  97. What all did King Alfred do? Why is he so great?
    • Maintained diplomatic wall neighboring kings
    • set frequent embassys to Rome
    • corresponded with the patriarch of Jerusalem >even been said he set a mission as far as India
    • formulated a code of law and founded the first English public schools
  98. When did William of Normady become king?
  99. When is the traditional date for the first Germanic invasion of Britain?
  100. Who unified England?
    King Alfred of Wessex
  101. Who was Saint Augustine?
    The first arch bishop of Canterberry
  102. Why did so little Anglo Saxon poems survive?
    they were oral
  103. What role did the Roman empire play in the early history of England?
    they beautified it and built many useful roads
  104. Until what date was England part of the Roman Empire?
  105. What happened when Roman soldiers left to go home?
    invaded by the Germanic people
  106. What did the Normans bring with them when they conquered the Anglo Saxons?
    a common language
Card Set
Anglo Saxons
Mico's exam on Monday