Psychology Week 1 Module 2

  1. Structuralism
    Wundt's approach, which focuses on uncovering fundamental metal components of consciousness, thinking,m and other kinds of metal states and activities.
  2. Introspection
    A procedure used to study the structure of the mind in which subjects are asked to decribe in detail what they are experinecing when they are exppsed to a stimulus.
  3. Functionalism
    An early approach to psychology that concentrated on what the mind does, the functions of metal activity, and the role of behavior in allowing people to adapt to their environments.
  4. Gestalt psychology
    An approach to psychology that focuses on the organization of perception and thinking in a "whole" sense rather than on the individual elements of perception.
  5. Trephining
    5,000 B.C.E. Used to allow the escape of evil spirits.
  6. Hippocrates
    430 B.C.E. Argues for four temperaments of personality.
  7. Descartes
    1637, describes animal spirits.
  8. John Locke
    1690, introduces idea of tabula rasa.
  9. Franz Josef Gall
    1807, Proposes phrenogogy, descerning the intelligence, moral character and other basic personality characteristics from the shape and number of bumps on a person's skull.
  10. Wilhelm Wundt
    1879, Inaugurates first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany and structuralism.
  11. William James
    1890, Principals of Psychology was published. How behavior allows people to satisfy their needs and how our "stream of consciousness" permits us to adapt to our environment.
  12. Functionalist model formulated.
  13. Mary Calkins
    1905, Works on memory.
  14. Sigmund Freud
    1900, Develops the psychodynamic perspective.
  15. Strong emphasis on intelligence testing.
  16. Gestalt
    1920, Most influential was the Gestalt psychology.
  17. Ivan Pavlov
    1904, Wins Nobel prize for work on digestion that led to fundamental principles of learning.
  18. John B. Watson
    1924, An early behaviorist publishes Behaviorism.
  19. Leta Stetter Hollingworth
    1928, Publishes work on adolescence.
  20. Carl Rogers
    1951, Publishes Client-Centered Therapy, helping to establish the humanistic perspective.
  21. B.F. Skinner
    1953, Publishes Science and Human Behavior, advocating the behavioral perspective.
  22. Abraham Maslow
    1954, Publishes Motivation and Personality, developing the concept of self-actualization.
  23. Leon Festinger
    1957, Publishes A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance, producing a major impact on social psychology.
  24. 1969
    Arugments regarding the genetic basis of IQ fuel lingering controversies.
  25. Jean Piaget
    1980, An influential developmental psychologist dies.
  26. David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel
    1981, Win Nobel prize for work on vision cells in the brain.
  27. 1985
    Increasing emphasis on cognitive perspective.
  28. 1990
    Greater emphasis on multiculturism and diversity.
  29. Elizabeth Loftus
    2000, Does pioneering work on false memory and eyewitness testimony.
  30. 2010
    New subfields develop such as clinical neurpsychology and evolutionary psychology.
  31. Neuroscience
    Views behavior from the perspective of biological functioning.
  32. Cognitive
    Examines how people understand and think about the world.
  33. Behavioral
    Focuses on observable behavior.
  34. Humanistic
    Contends that people can control their behavior and that they naturally try to reach their full potential.
  35. Psychodynamic
    Believes behavior is motivated by inner,m unconscious forces over which a person has little control.
Card Set
Psychology Week 1 Module 2
Psychology Week 1 Module 2 Roots