Rhetorical Terms

  1. Simile
    indirect comparison that uses like or as to link the differing items in the comparison
  2. Logos
    An author's use of reason and evidence to arrive at conclusions as opposed to emotion. Often authors use a framework that sets up a chain of reasoning to arrive at a specific conclusion.
  3. Litotes
    to understate something by denying the opposite of the idea in mind-often using a not-un construction
  4. Syllogism
    The format of a formal argument that consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.
  5. Hyperbole
    extreme exaggeration, often humorous, it can also be ironic; the opposite of understatement
  6. Enthymeme
    a two part line of logical thought in which one premise is implied
  7. Ethos
    how an author establishes his/her credibility, trustworthiness or knowledge to the audience
  8. Metonymy
    a figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea
  9. Anecdote
    A story or brief episode told by the writer to illustrate a point
  10. Sarcasm
    A comic technique that ridicules through caustic language, irony, and wit to mock or scorn
  11. Allusion
    A reference to anuther more famous work (mythology) contained in a work
  12. Metaphor
    A direct comparison between dissimilar things
  13. Antithesis
    The presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause, or paragraphs.
  14. Pathos
    The aspects of a text that elicit pity from the audience. An appeal to emotion can be used as a means to persuade.
  15. Polysyndeton
    The deliberate repetition of similar conjuctions between words, phrases, or clauses.
  16. Onomatopoeia
    Words that sound like the sound they represent.
  17. Satire
    A mode of writing based on ridicule, that criticizes the foibles and follies of society without necessarily offering a solution.
  18. Synecdoche
    A figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole.
  19. Apposition
    A noun that further describes or clarifies a noun standing next to it.
  20. Euphemism
    A more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropiate or uncomfortable.
  21. Red herring
    An intentional stray from the topic at hand-to distract audience from topic.
  22. Allegory
    A work that functions on a symbolic level.
  23. Paradox
    A statement that seems contradictory on the surface, yet contains a measure of truth.
  24. Parallelism
    The presentation of several equivalent ideas phrased in similar grammatical structure.
  25. Irony
    An unexpected twist or contrast between what happens and what was intended or expected to happen.
Card Set
Rhetorical Terms
Terms for test