Respiratory Pathology

  1. In an ideal chest x-ray, what ribs should be visualized above the diaphragm?
    10 posterior
  2. What is forced expiration against the closed glottis that increases the intrapulmonary pressure?
    Valsava Effect
  3. The valsava effect results in:
    Compression and a large decrease in the size of the heart and adjacent blood vessels
  4. To demonstrate fluid levels, the patient should be in an arect position for a minimum of ____, or preferably ___ to ____.
    5 minutes, 10-15
  5. The vital gas exchange within the lung is called ____ and takes place within the _____.
    external respiration, alveoli
  6. Cluster of alveoli:
  7. Respiration is controlled by a center in the :
  8. What regulates the respirator center?
    The level of carbon dioxide in the blood
  9. Extra fluid within the potential pleural space:
    Pleural effusion
  10. Hereditary disease characterized by the secretion of excessively viscous mucus by all the exocrine glands:
    Cystic Fibrosis
  11. In Cystic Fibrosis, thick mucus secreted by mucosa in the trachea and bronchi blocks air passages as a result of:
    an imbalance of sodium and chloride production and reabsorption
  12. Why are recurrent pulmonary infections common in Cystic Fibrosis?
    Bacteria that are normally carried away by mucosal secretions adhere to sticky mucus produced
  13. Why is the sweat test a reliable test for cystic fibrosis?
    Excessive chloride on the skin
Card Set
Respiratory Pathology
Radiographic Respiratory Pathology