Social Psych Ch. 2

  1. Spotlight effect
    tendency to believe others notice us more then they do. Ex Barry Manilow experiment
  2. Exp Barry Manilow on
    tshirt experiment
    Result: people thought more people saw the tshirt than actually did

    Deals with: Spotlight effect
  3. Illusion of Transparency
    Tendency to think our feelings and thoughts are noticeable to others
  4. Exp. Participants read false or truthful statements
    Result: participants thought witneses noticed the lies more than they did

    Deals with: Illusion of transparency
  5. Self Interest
    doing things that make us look or feel good about ourselves
  6. Self Concern
    we tailor our behaviors and gestures to convey a positive image to others
  7. Social Relationships:
    we act, think, and feel differently around different people
  8. Self-Concept:
    a persons answer to the question who am I
  9. Self-Schema:
    organized set of beliefs about the self that affect thinking about the self and others
  10. Self-Reference
    tendency to think of the world in relation to the self, we notice/remember those things that affect or relate to the self
  11. Possible selves:
    what we expect to be in the future
  12. Social Roles
    our duties, hobbies, relationships
  13. Social Identity
    the groups we belong to
  14. Social Comparisons
    comparing ourselves with others
  15. Where does our self concept develop from?
    other’s judgments and personal experiences
  16. Collectivistic cultures
    • -more self critical
    • - less need for positive self regard
    • -reference their social group more often
    • -do more to enhance the welfare of other group members
    • -self esteem is more about group
  17. Self-esteem motivation
    desire to maintain positive self esteem
  18. Self-efficacy
    the sense that one is competent and effective
  19. Locus of Control:
    extent to which outcomes are thought to be controlled by self or environment. Internal vs. External Locus of Control
  20. Learned helplessness
    perception that one has no control over the environment
  21. Self-Serving Biases:
    Tendency to attribute bad outcomes to the situations, and good outcomes to oursleves
  22. False Consensus
    tendency to assume others share our opinions and beliefs
  23. Self-handicapping
    Purposefully setting ourselves up for failure
  24. Self-presentation
    tactics used to change/regulate other’s impression of us
  25. False modesty
    portraying ourselves more modestly to others than we privately feel
  26. Self-monitoring
    Attention given to others to understand their likely views and reactions towards the self
Card Set
Social Psych Ch. 2
Exam 1