AP HUGE Chapter Fourteen Vocabulary

  1. Acid deposition
    Sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxidees, emitted by burning fossil fuels, enter the atmosphere-where they combine with oxygen and water to form sulfuric acid and nitric acid-and return to Earth's surface.
  2. Acid precepitation
    Conversion of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides to acids that return to earth as rain, snow, or fog.
  3. Active solar energy systems
    Solar energy systems that colldct energy through the use of physical devices like photovoltaic cells or flat-plate collectors.
  4. Air pollution
    Concentration of trace substances, such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, and solid particulates, at a greater level than occurs in natural air.
  5. Animate power
    Power supplied by people or animals.
  6. Biochemical oxygen demand
    Amount of oxygen required by aquatic bacteria to decompose a given load of organic waste; a measure of water pollution.
  7. Biodiversity
    The number of species within a specific habitat.
  8. Biomass fuel
    Fuel that derives from plant material and animal waste.
  9. Breeder reactor
    A nuclear power plant that creates its own fuel from plutonium.
  10. Chlorofluorocarbon
    A gas used as a solvent; a propellant in aerosols, a refrigerent, and in plastic foams and fire extinguishers.
  11. Conservation
    The sustainable use and management of a natural resource through consuming it at a less rapid rate than it can be replaced.
  12. Ferrous
    Metals, including iron, that are utilized in the production of iron and steel.
  13. Fission
    The splitting of an atomic nucleus to release energy.
  14. Fossil fuel
    Energy source formed from the residue of plants and animals buried millions of years ago.
  15. Geothermal energy
    Energy from steam or hot water produced from hot or molten underground rocks.
  16. Greenhouse effect
    Anticipated increase in Earth's temperature caused by carbon dioxide (emitted by burning fossil fuels) trapping some of the radiation emitted by the surface.
  17. Hydroelectric power
    Power generated from moving water.
  18. Inanimate power
    Power supplied by machines.
  19. Nonferrous
    Metals utilized to make products other than iron and steel.
  20. Nonrenewable energy
    A source of energy that it a finite supply capable of being exhausted.
  21. Ozone
    A gas that absorbs ultraviolet solar radiation, found in the stratosphere, a zone between 15 and 50 kilometers (9 to 30 miles) above Earth's surface.
  22. Passive solar energy systems
    Solar energy systems that collect energy without the use of mechanical devices.
  23. Photochemical smog
    An atmospheric condition formed through a combination of weather conditions and pollution, especially from motor vehicle emissions.
  24. Photovoltaic cell
    Solar energy cells, usually made from silicon, that collect solar rays to generate electricity.
  25. Pollution
    Addition of more waste than a resource can accomodate.
  26. Potential reserve
    The amount of a resource in deposits not yet identified but thought to exist.
  27. Preservation
    Maintenance of a resource in its present condition with as little human impact as possible.
  28. Proven reserve
    The amount of a resource reaining in discovered deposits.
  29. Radioactive waste
    Materials from a nuclear reaction that emit radtiation; contact with such particles may be harmful or lethal to people; therefore, the Materials muct be safely stored for thousands of years.
  30. Recycling
    The separation, collection, processing, marketing, and reuse of unwanted material.
  31. Renewable energy
    A resource that has a theoretically unlimited supply and is not depleted when used by humans.
  32. Resource
    A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use.
  33. Sanitary landfill
    A place to deposit solid waste, where a layer of earth is bulldozed over garbage each day to reduce emissions of gases and odors from the decaying trash, to minimize fires, and to discourage vermin.
  34. Sustainable development
    The level of development that can be maintained in a country without depleting resources to the extent that future generations will be unable to achieve a comparable level of development.
Card Set
AP HUGE Chapter Fourteen Vocabulary
AP HUGE Chapter Fourteen Vocabulary