SAT list A4

  1. apocryphal
    (adj.) [ə POK rə fəl] of doubtful authenticity; counterfeit. The story of George Washington and the cherry tree is apocryphal, no doubt.
  2. capitulate
    (v) [kə PICH yoo lat] surrender; to cease resisting. Colonel Leeds was determined not to capitulate under any terms, even though he was sure to lose.
  3. derogatory
    (adj.) [di ROG ə tor ee] tending to lower in estimation; degrading. After Melanie apologized for her derogatory remarks, she and Sarah regained their friendship.
  4. embroil
    (v) [em BROYL] to involve in a quarrel. The Tory party sought a way to embroil the government in a dispute over the economy.
  5. forlorn
    (adj.) [for LORN] deserted; left alone and neglected; unhappy. Old pictures of Ellis Islands immigrants portray happy faces as well as forlorn ones.
  6. galvanize
    (v) [GAL və niyz] arouse suddenly; to startle. It took a nuclear mishap at Chernobyl to galvanize the nuclear industry into inspecting aging power plants.
  7. nomenclature
    (n) [NO mən klay chər] a systematic naming in an art of science. The first step in learning a new topic is to master its nomenclature, which is a kind of shorthand of its key concepts.
  8. philander
    (v) [fi LAN dər] to engage in love affairs casually; to flirt. None of the girls on campus took Seans’s romantic attentions seriously since he was known to philander.
  9. pragmatic
    (adj.) [prag MAT ik] practical; opinionated; concerned with actual practice rather than with theory or speculation. While other students tried to discover the theory behind the problem, Denise devised a pragmatic solution
  10. retribution
    (n) [ret rə BYOO shən] punishment; payback. Much of gang activity seems to be seeking retribution for real or imagined disrespect.
  11. sanguine
    (adj.) [SANG gwin] ruddy; helpful, warm; cheerful. Gwen’s sanguine outlook on life was expressed in her personal motto, “Cheer up, things could be worse!”
  12. sardonic
    (adj.) [sar DON ik] scornful; mocking, cynical. With a sardonic smirk, the police officer listened to the motorist’s excuse for speeding on the residential street.
  13. saturnalia
    (n) [sat ər NA lee a] originally a Roman holiday (December 17); now applied to an unrestrained celebration; an orgy. The departure of the twins’ parents for the weekend led to a noisy saturnalia which brought the police knocking at the door.
  14. temporize
    (v) [TEM pə riyz] to compromise in order to gain time; to stall or delay. “But Mom,” temporized Stephen, “the lawn is too wet to mow now. I’ll do it this afternoon.”
  15. vicarious
    (adj.) [vi KAR e əs] taking the place of another; experienced through sympathetic participation in the experience of another. The vicarious thrill we get from watching films falls short of the pleasure of first hand experience.
Card Set
SAT list A4
SAT list A4 4A September