women in domestic violence shelters are how many more times likely to report what?
11 times more likely to report partner had hurt/killed pet
shelter clients are more likely to report what
4 times more likely to indicate partner had threatened pet
women who's partners abused a pet are more likely to what?
7.6 times more likely to be victims of severe violence
what percentage of college students that observed domestic violence also observed animal abuse in their home growing up?
_____% homes with child abuse experience what?
60% also experienced animal abuse/neglect
Incidents of animal abuse increase with what kind of violence as compared to what?
physical violence increases instances of animal abuse as compared to sexual violence
children in abusive environments are more likely to commit what?
5 times more likely to commit animal abuse
what may play role in abuse of animals by children?
social learning. ie abused children then abuse animals
3 types of violence
- 1. domestic violence
- 2. child abuse
- 3. animal abuse
3 categories that explain why types of abuse may overlap
- 1. shared
- 2. violence begets violence
- 3. multiple perpetrators
risk factors for all 3 types of violence are similar, therefor predisposition to one may equal predisposition to others as well.
violence begets violence
1 type of violence contributes to risks of others. ex. victims may take out frustrations on a pet
may be one component of overall family dysfunction. May be learned or biological predisposition.
studies with prison inmates show what
animal abuse is more common in urban environments
why is abuse more common in urban vx rural
factors such as societal shifts from urban to rural, although largely unclear
Rural settings often view animals how
utilitarian view of animals
- value of animals tied to usefulness for humans.
- livestock have financial value
- barn cats kill mice
- dogs offer protection
- acceptable to use animals for human benefit. Food, research. Attention given to welfare of animals
2 current views of relationship between humans and animals
- 1. utilitarianism
- 2. animal right's
morally wrong to use animals for human benefit. direct contrast to utilitarianism.
urban more likely to be what
what are 2 extremes of views for urban animals
- some detachment from animals
- 1. any use of animals = cruel
- 2. higher tolerance of animal abuse because animals lack value
rural areas view animals how
animals have value
How many pets are relinquished yearly
o voluntarily gives pet to shelter, friend, or other
o involuntarily gives up pet, usually due to abuse or neglect
o ceases to provide care to pet, may be temporary or permanent
Demographics most likely to give up pet
- under 35
- married with kids
pet characteristics most likely to be given up
- younger, larger breed vs older, smaller
- dogs more than cats when moving
- outdoor pets more than indoor pets
behavior problems most likely to lead to relinquishment
- more common in dogs
- inappropriate elimination
- cats - inappropriate elimination
Owner situation most likely to lead to relinquishment
- life changes
- pregnancy and birth
- illness esp. allergies
- need to move - restrictions by landlord
Ways to help reduce relinquishment
- Help owner plan for new animal, pick appropriate breed
- being informed
- help from vet team for training and behavioral problems
Positive relationships with animals can help children:
- develop empathy
- improved human interactions
- greater appreciation of diversity
all that is not the self
what percentage of children between 9-18 worry about their pets
disadvantages of robotic pets compared to live pets
- lack of interaction, complexity, and ability to read unconscious human signals
- eliminate some learning experiences such as death and ethical dilemmas