- Before Christ
- Anno Domini
- Before Common Era
- Common Era
- Anno Hegirae- AD 622
Earliest human like creature
Who migrated out of Africa?
Homo Erectus (upright human)
Neanderthal aka homo sapiens.
in 10,000 BC , the only human left on earth was?
- Homo Sapien Sapien AKA
- "Cro magnon man"
Early period in human history
2 distinct parts of the Stone Age
1 transitional period
- Paleolithic(old stone age), Neolithic(new stone age)
- Mesolithic(middle stone age)
Hunting and gathering. They migrated with the animals.
During the paleolithic age what did migrating do?
Kept the populations small
Greatest accomplishments of the paleolithic people?
Clay statues of the paleolithic age
Greatest achievement of the Neolithic age
- Planting of crops
- domestication of animals
3 types of tribal ties
- Most basic: Extended Family
- Clan: Group of extended families
- Tribe: Group of Clans
Irrigation was developed when
In the Neolithic age what did the people develop since they had a more settled lifestyle?
Specialties as well as new tools and techniques
When was it used and where was the first evidence of metal working discovered
4000 BC @Sihlk, N. Iran
Early civilization emerged on the banks of?
What were they called?
- Cradles of civilization
Where are the cradles of civilization?
- Valley of:
- Tigres and Euphrates river
- Nile river, Egypt
- Indus river, India & Pakistan
- Yellow river, China
Land between the rivers
Who were the first to create city states?
Sumerians were no?
Semetic- They came from the caspian sea region
Sumerians were the first to develop
Irrigation on a grand scale
What and where did the sumerians grow?
- Tigres and Euphates river(mostly Euphrates)
- Barley, Wheat, Vegetables
Some early inventions of Sumer
What does writing come from and what is it called?
- Pictograph- from 2000 signs or symbols
- Cuneiform- latin for cuneus (wedge shaped)- 600 phoenetic sounds
King or ruler of mesopotamia
He was the first to do what?
- Semetic, not sumerian
- unite into 1 nation
- King of the Amorites
- Capitol located at Babylon
- Called 1st Babylonian pd.
- Law of the Claw
- 300 codes written on a 7' diarite stone
Who took over the Babylonian culture? How long did it take for Babylon to recover?
- The Hittites (Indo-Europeans from Asia Minor)
- 500 yrs
Egypt was known as the?
Gift of the Nile
The Nile river flows from?
Equitorial Africa in the south to the mediteranian sea.
Where dos the Nile become the "Nile"
Early Stone tools
From the Delta to the First Cataract
Humans moved into a food producing economy when?
3 kingdoms of Egypt
- Archaic Age
- Old Kingdom (Pyramid age)
- New Kingdom
1 period of egypt
Egypt's first king
Menes or Narmer
The God King of Egypt in the Old Kingdom?
- Horus- the Falcon headed God.
- Son of Osirus
- All lands belong to him
Old Kingdom was also known as the?
When does the king become Pharaoh?
Greatest Warrior Pharaoh?
Pharaoh mentioned in the Bible?
government of the old kingdom?
Under king was
All the Gods?
Old Kingdom: Ptah of Memphis- one of the oldest recorded Gods
Horus: Falcon Headed God
Aton- Sun God- Amenhotep IV -->Akhenaton
Who conquered egypt?
- Black Kushites
- Alexander the Great
Wife of Amenhotep
When were the temples of Karnak started?