Musical Theatre Prac1

  1. Who is the overall head of the production and has "the final say?"
    The Producer
  2. Who writes the words to the songs?
    The Lyricist
  3. Who stages the play and gives the actors their blocking?
    The Director
  4. Who writes the storyline and the book of a musical?
    The Playwright
  5. True or False: The Lyricist and the composer are always the same person.
  6. Who stages the dances?
    The Choreographer
  7. Who is responsible for designing the enviroment of a production -- the place?
    The Set Designer (Scenic Designer)
  8. Who works directly with the: actors/singers/dancers to teach and interpret the music of a production?
    The Music Director
  9. Who leads the orchestra in the pit?
    The Conductor
  10. Who writes the melodies, harmonies, and accompaniment?
    The Composer
  11. Who finances the production either by their own money or through investors("the angels")?
    The Producer
  12. Who writes the dialogue for the characters?
    The Playwright
  13. What is a person who invests money in a production called?
    Investors or Angels
  14. Who is frequently responsible or the "vision" or "concept" of a production?
    The Director
  15. Who designs the clothing worn by the actors in a production?
    The Costume Designer
  16. Who hires the creative team for a production?
    The producer
  17. The dialogue of the play is referred to as what?
    The Book
  18. What is another name for the book and lyrics?
    The libretto
  19. What is a person who writes a libretto called
    A Librettist
  20. True or False: A composer always writes the orchestration of the music.
    FALSE - this person is the orchestrator and may or may not be the composer.
  21. Who picks the actors?
    The Director (sometimes with the input of the producer, choreographer, music director, or other creative team members)
  22. Who is responsible for coordinating the designs and actors?
    The Director
  23. True or False: 534 BCE is when al theatre began.
    FALSE - it is the official beginning of WESTERN theatre
  24. What does BCE mean?
    Before the Common Era
  25. This may be the same as:
    BC - Before Christ
  26. So does Western theatre officially begin in the 6th century BC or AD?
    BC [BCE]
  27. The first dramatic festivals were sponsored by what city-state?
  28. What were the theatre festivals of Athens called?
    The City Dionysia
  29. In what centuries were these festivals held?
    4th and 5th Centuries BCE
  30. True or False: The chorus usually had 100 members.
    FALSE - 24 chorus members
  31. Who was obliged have the chorus trained?
    The Producer
  32. Who was responsible for the masks and costumes>
    The Producer
  33. How many women were in a Greek Chorus?
    None - all men
  34. How many lead actors were there?
    Three to five
  35. True or False: The acting style of Greek Tragedy was very naturalistic.
    FALSE - it was stylized.
  36. True or False: Greek actors were amateurs.
    FALSE - they had intense training in both voice and dance.
  37. Who paid the salaries of the actors?
    The state
  38. Actors were typecast by their ______?
    Voice type
  39. True or False: Male actors played female roles.
  40. True or False: Actors played multiple roles in a play
  41. How did they do this?
    By changing masks and sometimes costumes
  42. True or False: Actors used standard gestures and poses recognizable by the audience.
  43. What were the three types of Greek plays?
    Tragedies, Comedies, and Satyr plays
  44. What was the structure of each entry in the City Dionysia?
    Three plays by the same playwright followed by a 4th play that ridiculed the previous three.
  45. True or False: The playwright was obliged to write all four plays for an entry.
    FALSE - He had to write the first three; the 4th was frequently written by someone else.
  46. Which plays were burlesque treatments of mythology?
    The Satyr plays (the 4th play)
  47. In Greek Comedy when did the various acts (similar to vaudeville - songs, dances, chorus girls, animal acts, magicians, jugglers, etc.) perform?
    Between the sections of the Greek Comedy plays
  48. True or False: We have records of exactly what Greek choreography looked like.
    FALSE - actual movement is unknown
  49. What instruments accompanied the dancing?
    Flutes, lyres, and sometimes Drums.
  50. What is the term for "god from the machine" or "god in a machine"?
    Deus ex machina
  51. Does deus ex machina mean "a turntable"?
    NO ! ! !
  52. What is the MODERN definition of this term?
    A contrived ending
  53. True or False: Greek New Comedy was edgier and more political than Greek Old Comedy.
    FALSE - political satire was eliminated.
  54. Which had more complicated plots - Old or New Comedy?
    New Comedy
  55. What happens to the singing chorus in New Comedy?
    It disappears.
  56. Do you find socially orientated domestic stories in Old or New Comedy?
    New Comedy
  57. True or False: Stock characters emerge in Old Comedy.
    FALSE - they emerge in New Comedy
  58. Who stated in his "Republic" that poets (playwrights) tell corrupting lies about men and the gods?
  59. Why was this?
    He believed the way the theatre portrayed everything would have been easily believed by the public.
  60. Who refuted this position in his "Poetics?"
  61. What was his claim?
    That the people weren't as stupid as Plato sought them out to be.
  62. ______ presents men worse than they are.
  63. ______ presents men better than they are.
  64. In which plays would you find the stories of the lives of "noble persons?"
  65. In which plays would you find the stories of ordinary people?
  66. The early Roman empire was mostly concerned with ___?
    W A R
  67. True or False: In the early empire, there was little theatre and little literature.
  68. What form contained abusive and obscene festival verses and stock characters?

    ex. Madea in Greek theatre would kill and curse off stage, Romans would give you a visual of the children being killed.
  69. Whose plays did the Romans steal as the basis for their plays?
    The Greeks
  70. Who developed the Roman rules for drama in "Ars Poetica" - "The Art of Poetry?"
  71. True or False: Roman mime was performed in masks?
    FALSE - performed without masks
  72. True or False: Women performed in mimes.
  73. What are three things that Roman playwright PLAUTUS introduced into his plays?
    • More elaborate plots
    • MUCH more "song and dance"
    • He assigned material directly to the chorus
  74. What was the main reason for Roman theatre?
    S P E C T A C L E
  75. Who condemned the Roman theatre's arousal of passions and thought theatre sought to destroy Roman manners and morality?
    Saint Augustine
  76. In what work?
    His "Confessions"
  77. What were some of the Romans innovations in the theatre?
    • First air conditioning
    • First tap shoes
    • First extended orchestrations
    • First reserved seats
    • First claques
    • Fitst ushers
    • First lip-synched performances
  78. What was a "claquer?"
    Someone hired to applaud and cheer in an audience
  79. What institution thought theatre was immoral and issued edicts forbidding it?
    The Roman Catholic Church
  80. Where did the performances go?
    They took to the streets and began traveling throughout Europe.
  81. What were the two physical structures used at the churches to stage biblical stories?
    Pageant Wagons and Mansions
  82. True or False: This period used exclusively professional actors.
    FALSE - this was the heyday of the amateur performer
  83. True or False: The professional spotlight was developed in this period.
  84. What does "renaissance" mean?
    Rebirth - it was the reawakened interest in all the arts.
  85. What form started in Italy and included stock characters and was lively and vulgar?
    Commedia Dell-Arte
  86. True or False: In Commedia Dell-Arte, actors specialized in one type of character.
  87. Commedia performers sometimes used slapsticks.
  88. Actors in Commedia wore _____ and _____ that identified the characters.
    Actors in Commedia wore masks and costumes that identified the characters.
  89. Acting styles became more naturalistic as the productions _____.
    moved indoors.
  90. What technical advancement allowed the plays to be performed indoors and at night?
    The first articial lights - oil lamps
  91. Who raised comedy to the stature of tragedy?
  92. True or False: Moleire's plays demanded an extremely naturalistic performance style.
    FALSE - they demanded a broad, farcical style
  93. True or False: Women played all female roles in Moleire's plays.
    FALSE - men still played the older female roles.
  94. Who commissioned lavish "comedy ballets?"
    King Louis XIV
  95. Who originally performed in these pieces?
    Court Nobility
  96. Who took over those roles?
    Professional performers
  97. In 1642, what happened that caused the theatres to close?
    The puritans took control of the government
  98. True or False: The "Restoration" period refers to royalty being "restored" to the throne of England.
  99. What were the two distinct forms of "musical theatre" in France in this period?
    Popular Entertainments and Comic Opera
  100. Which form included fairytales, fantasticall spectacles, and burlesques?
    Popular Entertainments (in France&&England - 1700s)
  101. What is a "pasticcio" score?
    Borrowed tunes, popular melodies, pilfered musical pieces - often with new lyrics - a score that is "scotch taped" together from different sources
  102. What was the most famous ENGLISH-language Popular Entertainent:
    "The Newgate Pastoral" - better known as "the Beggar's Opera"
  103. Who wrote the libretto for "the Beggar's Opera?"
    John Gay
  104. What was the subject matter of the piece?
    Corruption in high places ... social and politcal satire ... a tale of lowlife thieves and prostitutes.
  105. True or False: Dr. Pepusch wrote the music for the score of "the Beggar's Opera."
    FALSE - he borrowed popular melodies and upmarket music (Handel, Purcell, Italian operas)
  106. True or False: John Gay wrote new lyrics for this music.
  107. Which form of musical theatre in this period had written specifically for the productions?
    Comic Opera
  108. What is one of the main distinctions between grand opera and comic opera?
    Comic opera had music AND dialogue
  109. Who was the manager of the Gaiety Theatre in London?
    John Hollingshead
  110. What playwright and composer did he bring together to write a Christmas piece?
    William Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan
  111. What was the name of that piece?
  112. True or False: Thespis burlesqued Greek mythology.
  113. What was the first international success of Gilbert and Sullivan?
    H.M.S. Pinafore (or the Lass that Loved a Sailor)
  114. True or False: This work was rehearsed French humor and situations.
    FALSE - distinctly British in flavor and humor
  115. True or False: Gilbert and Sullivan were known for their suggestive lyrics and sexual innuedo.
    FALSE - They were known for their productions containing "good clean fun"
  116. True or False: Gilbert and Sullivan were known for witty dialogue and brilliant burlesque humor.
  117. Who was the producer that moved Gilbert and Sullivan works to the Savoy Theatre?
    Richard D'oyly Carte
  118. What did the Gilbert and Sullivan works became known as after this move?
    The Savoy Operas
  119. True or False: Eventually Gilbert and Sullivan developed their own style and no longer simply parodied styles of the period.
  120. True or False: Eventually Gilbert and Sullivan cleverly conocted plots
    TRUE - they may seemcorny to us, but not to their audiences.
  121. What was the longest-running of the Gilbert and Sullivan comic operas?
    The Mikado
Card Set
Musical Theatre Prac1
Survey to Musical Theatre Practice Exam 1