Latin Vocabulary for CP Exam

  1. a fortuitous
    with stronger reason
  2. a priori
    from what goes before, from the cause to the effect
  3. ab initial
    from the beginning
  4. actiones in personam
    personal actions
  5. ad curium
    before the court, to the court
  6. ad damnum clause
    to the damage; a statement in the complaint in a civil action that specifies the amount of money sought by the plaintiff.
  7. ad faciendum
    to do
  8. ad hoc
    for this purpose
  9. ad litem
    for the suit; for the litigation (a guardian ad litem, for example)
  10. ad rem
    to the thing at hand
  11. ad valorem
    according to the value (an ad valorem tax, for example)
  12. aggregatio
    meeting of the minds (relates to formation of contracts)
  13. alias dictus
    otherwise called, also known as (assumed name)
  14. aliunde
    from another place, from without (as in evidence outside the document)
  15. amicus curiae
    friend of the court (as in amicus curiae brief filed in appellate court)
  16. animo
    with intention, disposition, design, will
  17. animus
    mind, intention
  18. ante litem motam
    before suit brought, before litigation is filed
  19. arguendo
    in the course of the argument, for the sake of argument
  20. assumpsit
    he undertook, he promised
  21. capias
    take, arrest
  22. causa mortis
    by reason of death
  23. certiorari
    send the pleadings up (from an inferior court to a superior court)
  24. cestui
    beneficiaries (pronounced “setty”)
  25. cestui que trust
    beneficiaries of the trust
  26. compos mentis
    of sound mind
  27. coram nobis
    [error] before us ourselves; (kor-m-noh-bis) A Latin term that describes a request to a judge to reopen and reconsider a matter that has already been decided. The basis for the request is a claim that the decision is based on a mistake of fact, which can now be rectified.
  28. corpus delicti
    body of the offense; essence of the crime
  29. cum testamento annexo
    with the will annexed
  30. de facto
    in fact, in deed, actually
  31. de jure
    of right, lawful
  32. de sin tort
    of his own wrong
  33. dies non
    not a day
  34. dum bene se gesserit
    while he shall conduct himself with good behavior
  35. e converso
    conversely, on the other hand
  36. en banc
    in the bench, all judges present
  37. eo instanti
    upon the instant
  38. et ux
    and wife
  39. et vir
    and husband
  40. ex delicto
    (arising) from a tort
  41. ex gratia
    as a matter of favor
  42. ex officio
    from office, by virtue of his office
  43. felonice
    having the nature of a felony, villainous
  44. fiat
    let it be done, a short order that a thing be done
  45. fieri
    to be made up, to become
  46. fieri facias
    cause to be made (a writ [order] directing the sheriff to reduce a judgement debtor’s property to money [sell it] for the amount of the judgement, for example)
  47. flagrante delicto
    in the very act of committing the crime; "caught red-handed"
  48. forum non conveniens
    discretionary power of a court to decline jurisdiction over a case when the court believes it should be tried elsewhere for convenience of parties and witnesses
  49. gravis
    serious, of importance
  50. habeas corpus
    you have the body (a writ directed to the custodian of a person, commanding the custodian to produce such person)
  51. habendum clause
    that part of a deed that begins “to have and the hold”; defines extent of ownership
  52. honorarium
    honorary fee or gift; compensation from gratitude
  53. idem sonans
    having the same sound (as names sounding alike but spelled differently)
  54. in curia
    in court
  55. in esse
    in being, existence
  56. in forma pauperis
    permission given to a poor person to sue without liability for court costs
  57. infra
    beneath; below
  58. in limine
    at the beginning; threshold
  59. in loco parentis
    in place of a parent, one charged with a parent’s rights and obligations
  60. in pari delicto
    in equal fault
  61. in personam
    personally, against the person
  62. in praesenti
    at once; now
  63. in re
    in the matter
  64. in rem
    proceedings against a thing (a bank account or real estate) distinguished from those against a person
  65. in specie
    in the same or in similar form
  66. instanter
  67. inter alia, inter alios
    among other things, between other persons
  68. inter se
    among themselves
  69. Inter vivos
    between the living, from one person to another
  70. in toto
    in the whole, completely
  71. in transitu
    in transit
  72. intra
    within, inside
  73. ipse dixit
    he himself said (it), as an assertion made but not proved
  74. ipso facto
    by the fact itself
  75. ita est
    so it is
  76. jura personarum
    right of a person, rights of persons
  77. jura rerum
    rights of things
  78. jure divino
    by divine right
  79. jure uxoris
    in his wife’s right
  80. jus (pl. jura)
    law; right; laws collectively
  81. jus ad rem
    a right to a thing; a personal right to possession of property that usually arises from a contractual obligation
  82. jus commune
    the common law, the common right
  83. jus gentium
    the law of nations, international law
  84. just habendi
    the right to have a thing
  85. jus tertii
    the right of a third party; the rights of another person
  86. levari facias
    cause to be levied, a writ of execution
  87. lex
  88. lex loci
    law of the place where the cause of action arose
  89. lis pendens
    litigation pending, as in a lis pendens filed with real estate records to notify the world that the real estate is involved in litigation
  90. locus delicti
    the place of the crime or of the tort
  91. locus sigilli (L.S.)
    the place for the seal
  92. mala
  93. mala fides
    bad faith
  94. mala in se
    wrong in itself, an act that is morally wrong
  95. mala praxis
  96. mala prohibita
    act declared criminal by statute (failure to file a report, for example), though not wrong in itself (as in murder)
  97. malo animo
    with evil intent
  98. mandamus
    we command, a writ used to compel an official to preform an act that she is required to preform
  99. manu forti
    with a strong hand, forcible entry
  100. mens rea
    guilty mind (most crimes require the element of intent [mens rea])
  101. nihil dicit
    he says nothing (as is a default judgement against a defendant who does not raise a defense in the action)
  102. nil
    nothing; of no account
  103. nil debet
    he owes nothing
  104. nisi prius
    unless before (used to distinguish the court where trial was held from the appellate court)
  105. nolle prosequi
    unwilling to prosecute (a crime); prosecutor’s discretion not to file charges in a particular case
  106. nolo contendere
    i will not contest it
  107. non
  108. non assumpsit
    plea in defense; that he did not promise
  109. non compos mentis
    not of sound mind
  110. non est factum
    it is not his deed; a plea that a written agreement is invalid because the defendant was mistaken about its character when signing it.
  111. non obstante
    not with standing
  112. non sequitur
    it does not follow
  113. nota bene (N.B.)
    note well; take notice
  114. nudum pactrum
    nude pact, a bare agreement that lacks the consideration to form a valid contract
  115. nul tort
    no wrong done
  116. nulla bona
    no goods (wording used on the return of a writ fieri facias)
  117. nunc pro tunc
    now for then (as in an order nunc pro tunc to correct clerical error in a previous order)
  118. obiter dictum
    remark that is not central to the main issue
  119. onus probandi
    the burden of proof
  120. opus (pl., opera)
    work, labor
  121. ore tenus
    by word of mouth, orally (as in a motion ore tenus)
  122. pari delicto
    in equal guilt
  123. pari passu
    by equal progress, equitably, without preference; side by side; at the same rate or on an equal footing.
  124. pater familias
    father of the family
  125. peculium
    private property
  126. pendens
  127. pendente lite
    pending the suit, during litigation
  128. per annum
    annual, by the year
  129. per capita
    by the head, equally shared
  130. per contra
    in opposition
  131. per curiam
    by the court
  132. per diem
    by the day
  133. per se
    by itself, taken alone
  134. per stirpes
    by representation, by the roots or stocks for purpose of inheritance
  135. post
    after, later
  136. post- factum
    after the fact, after the event
  137. post- obit
    to take effect after death
  138. praecipe
    writ commanding a person to do some act or to appear and show cause why she should not do so; order to clerk of court to issue a summons or execution on judgement already rendered
  139. prima facie
    at first sight, on the face of it
  140. pro bono
    free of charge, without cost
  141. pro forma
    as a matter of form
  142. pro hac vice
    for this occasion
  143. pro rata
    according to the rate or proportion
  144. pro se
    appearing for oneself; personally
  145. pro tanto
    for so much, to that extent
  146. pro tempore
    for the time being, temporarily
  147. prochein ami
    next friend
  148. publici juris
    of public right
  149. pur autre vie
    for or during the life of another
  150. quaere
    question, doubt
  151. quantum
    how much, the amount
  152. quare
  153. quare clausum fregit
    breaking the close, trespass
  154. quasi
    as if, as if it were
  155. quid pro quo
    what for what, something for something (as in consideration for a contract)
  156. quo warranto
    by what right or authority
  157. res
    thing; object, subject matter
  158. res gestae
    things done, excited utterance; It is a spontaneous declaration made by a person immediately after an event and before the mind has an opportunity to conjure a false story.
  159. res ipsa loquitur
    the thing speaks for itself
  160. res judicata
    a thing (matter) adjudged
  161. respondeat superior
    let the master answer
  162. scienter
    knowledge, awareness
  163. scilicet
    to wit, that is to say, namely (SS or ss)
  164. scintilla
    a spark, the least particle
  165. scire facias
    cause to know, give notice (writ used to revive a judgement that has expired [dormant])
  166. secundum
    according to
  167. se defendendo
    in self- defense
  168. semper
  169. seriatim
    severally, separately
  170. sic
    thus, so, in such manner (used to indicate an error in original, quoted material)
  171. sigillum
    a seal
  172. sine
  173. sine die
    without a day, without a specific day assigned for a future meeting
  174. sine qua non
    that without which a thing cannot occur; indispensable condition or part
  175. stare decisis
    to abide by decided cases
  176. status quo
    state in which, present state
  177. sua sponte
    voluntarily, of his own will and motion
  178. sub nomine
    under the name of, in the name of, under the title of
  179. sub silentio
    under silence, without any notice being taken
  180. sui generis
    of its own kind or class, the only one of a kind, unique
  181. sui juris
    of his own right, having legal capacity to act for himself
  182. supersedeas
    superseding (as in the bond that accompanies a writ commanding a stay of proceedings pending appeal)
  183. supra
    above, cited in full above
  184. tenere
    to hold, to keep
  185. terminus a quo
    the starting point
  186. ultra
    beyond, in excess of, outside of
  187. ultra vires
    without power, beyond the powers of
  188. venire facias
    that you cause to come, a type of summons: a judicial writ directing the sheriff to summon a specified number of qualified persons to serve as jurors
  189. versus
    against (plaintiff v. Defendant)
  190. videlicet (viz.)
    it is easy to see, that is to say, namely
  191. vi et armis
    by force and arms
  192. vis-à-vis
    one who (that which) is face to face with another
  193. vivos
  194. voir dire
    to speak the truth, the process used to select jurors
Card Set
Latin Vocabulary for CP Exam