Illinois Department of Ag General Standard Exam Review

  1. The goal of IPM isn't to Eliminate the entire pest population but...
    To avoid adverse effects on humans, wildlife, and the environment
  2. Which of the following words is that number of pests per plant or the amount of damage to a plant at which point control measure should begin?
    Economic threshold
  3. What can be said about insects?
    They have three pairs of jointed legs
  4. Which of the following is an incomplete life cycle?
    Egg, nymph, and adult
  5. The disease that is generally the result of unfavorable growing conditions, such as temperature or moisture extremes, soil compaction, pesticide or fertilizer excess, etc?
    Noninfectious disease
  6. The first step in planning a successful weed control program is?
    Identify the weed (scouting)
  7. Broadleaf weeds differ from grasses how?
    They have netted veins that are usually less elongated than that of grass leaves.
  8. How do grasses differ from broadleaf weeds?
    Leaves are more elongated than wide
  9. This weed germinates in the spring, develops a root system and a low-growing cluster of leaves called a rosette?
    Biennial
  10. The part of the pesticide that kills is the?
    Active ingredient
  11. Wettable powders when mixed with water...
    Require agitation
  12. What do Surfactants do?
    Decrease the surface tension of water, allowing the water carrier to spread over the surface
  13. Can you mix two pesticides together if the label doesn't specify they can be mixed?
    Yes, your responsibility to make sure they retain their properties
  14. How can you tell two pesticides are not compatible?
    The mixture may curdle, gel or become sludge like
  15. How long is certification valid in Illinois, before an applicator/operator must retest?
    Each exam is valid for a period of up to 3 years as long as annual renewal forms are submitted.
  16. The pre-harvest interval is the?
    Amount of time that a crop can be harvested after it has been sprayed.
  17. Which of the following is on every label?
    Keep out of reach of children
  18. Who can purchase Restricted Use Pesticides?
    Certified Applicators or persons under their direct supervision.
  19. What part of the label should you look under to find the minimum PPE you should wear?
    Precautionary Statement
  20. How often should you read the pesticide label?
    Every time you purchase the product-can be used up to the phase out date
  21. The Office of Safety and Health Administration protects the nation's workers through dissemination of information...
    Worker Right-to-Know
  22. Which of the following dermal exposures is the most serious?
    When a pesticide mixed with oil crosses the skin barrier and into the bloodstream, the results can be fatal.
  23. If you spill highly concentrated chemicals on your clothes how should you clean them?
    Don't, dispose of them properly
  24. When filling, rinsing, draining, and cleaning your equipment preferably the area should have?
    A wash pad, wash rack, or concrete apron with a well designed sump to catch contaminated water
  25. What is the best way to get rid of excess chemical?
    Dilute excess and reapply to area, but do not exceed label rates for area.
  26. What is a major concern of drift?
    Off target damage to vegetation and people
  27. Which of the following is important to consider when purchasing and applying a pesticide?
    -The label is a legal document
    -Before you buy and apply a pesticide read the label
    -A General Use pesticide is not given a classification on the label
    -All of the above
    All of the above
  28. What is a major complaint to the Dept. of Agriculture about spraying?
    Drift from farms etc...
  29. If you were going to spray an area and there are bee colonies within two miles what should you do?
    Contact the bee keepers 48 hrs in advance so the colonies can be moved.
  30. When is the best time to spray if bees are in the area?
    Dawn and dusk
  31. Must be used with special caution near bee hives since bees may carry them back to the hive and poison the entire colony?
    Microencapsulated herbicide
  32. How would you determine if the pesticide you are using is prone to volatilization?
    Check the label, often indicates
  33. Who do you have to contact if you have a chemical spill?
    Illinois Emergency Management Agency (IEMA), they in turn notify the appropriate agency for response, available 24 hours.
  34. Which of the following is an example of a surface-water advisory?
    Allow a 66-ft buffer area between the application area and surface water sources, like a stream.
  35. Pesticide breakdown is much slower in groundwater, why?
    Low oxygen and light conditions
  36. Which of the following influences a pesticides leaching ability?
    Soil texture and organic matter
  37. A highly soluble pesticide is...?
    Poorly adsorbed and more likely to leach
  38. What type of nozzle sprays in a cone pattern with droplets throughout
    Solid-cone
  39. When raising the boom sprayer you...?
    Reduce or eliminate the overlap and increase drift
  40. What are some factors that you should think about before spraying?
    Wind, temperature, droplet size...
  41. When using a tree injection system you should?
    Use low pressure and allow the tree to uptake chemical.
  42. For treatment to be effective against perennial weeds?
    Must use a translocated herbicide to control vegetative reproductive structure
  43. What should you do if you spill chemical on your clothes?
    Remove clothes, wash area thoroughly with soapy water, etc.
  44. The PPE that you wear when applying pesticides should be laundered?
    Wash as soon as possible, do not let clothes sit around
  45. What type of nozzle would you use for a band application?
    Even flat flan or flat fan nozzle
  46. What pump would you use if you wanted low flow rates and psi of up to 1000?
    Piston
  47. When laundering clothes that were worn while spraying...?
    Laundered daily (within eight hours), keep separate from other clothing and inform person washing clothes of pesticide use
  48. How do you proper clean your nozzles?
    Move to an area where it is safe and use a nozzle brush to clean nozzles
  49. When mixing concentrates of highly toxic sprays...?
    Wear a face shield or tight fitting goggles with antifog lenses and indirect venting
  50. Which substance produces gas, vapors, fumes and requires special licensing to handle?
    Fumigants
  51. Who enforces the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)?
    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
  52. Who is responsible for enforcing the laws that regulate the use of pesticides for structural pest control?
    Illinois Department of Public Health
  53. An individual who applies pesticides for any purpose on property other tan that owned, rented or leased by themselves or their employer is a....?
    Commercial for Hire Pesticide Applicator
  54. To purchase a "restricted" use pesticide?
    Must have a current valid pesticide license or certification # must be recorded on the retail invoice.
  55. Lawn Care Products Application and Notice Act require?
    Placement of markers immediately after application to lawn is made
  56. Applicators of "restricted" use pesticides must keep records for two years of what?
    Product used, amount applied, size of area treated, crop, commodity and location, date and name of applicator.
  57. What are the types of control methods?
    Cultural, mechanical, and biological
  58. What is the breakeven point at which the cost of pest control equals the revenue loss caused by a pest?
    Economic injury level
  59. What is incomplete development in insects or simple metamorphosis?
    Egg, Nymph, Adult
  60. What are the 4 life cycles?
    Egg, larva, pupa, and adult
  61. How many legs do mites have?
    4 pairs, eight legs
  62. What animals are not protected by law?
    Starlings, house sparrows and feral pigeons
  63. What are these symptoms:soil compaction, pesticide or fertilizer excess, temperature and moist extremes?
    Noninfectious disease
  64. What is a yellowish-green coloration in normally green tissues such as leaves?
    What is abnormal swelling in a portion of a branch, leaf, root or bud?
  65. What is intermingling patches of green and yellow on a leaf?
    Mosaic
  66. What does a biennial weed do?
    Seed the second summer and die in the winter
  67. What type of herbicide is best for perennial weeds?
    Systemic (translocated) herbicides
  68. What does A.I stand for?
    Active ingredient
  69. What order do you put these in a tank to mix them properly Soluble powders, Wettable powders and Flowable?
    • Fill tank 1/4 to 1/2 full with carrier
    • Begin agitation
    • Add utility agents if needed (buffers)
    • Add Dry Pesticides:wettable powders
    • Add Wet Pesticides:Flowable
    • Add Solution forming pesticides:Soluble
    • Add Spray modifiers
    • Finish filling tank with carrier
  70. What happens with Wettable Powders?
    They wear out pumps and nozzles
  71. What are necessary for the development of an infectious plant disease?
    Susceptible host, plant pathogen, favorable environment and time
  72. What types of weed germinates in the spring, develops a root system and low growing cluster of leaves called a rosette?
    Biennial weed
  73. which of the following is not a type of pesticide?
    -Wettable Powder
    -Microencapsulated
    -Surfactant
    -Soluble Powder
    Surfactant
  74. Pesticide failure can be caused by which of the following?
    -Pest resistance
    -Inappropriate rate of pesticide used
    -Environmental factors unfavorable for pesticide activity
    -All of the above
    All of the above
  75. A biennial weed is?
    -Grows and sets seed every other year, staying dormant underground on alternate years
    -Flowers and set seeds twice per year
    -Grows vegetatively for two years and flowers and set seed on the third year
    -Grows vegetatively for one year and flowers and set seeds during the second year
    Grows vegetatively for one year and flowers and set seeds during the second year
  76. What type of treatment is most effective against perennial weeds?
    A systemic (translocated) herbicide to control vegetative reproductive parts
  77. What does LD 50 stand for?
    Dose that kills half of the test animals (Lethal dose for 50%)
  78. How do you prevent back-siphoning of pesticide back into the water supply?
    Keeping an air gap or using anti-siphoning devices on garden hoses
  79. How should you transport herbicide?
    Checks to make sure all containers are not leaking. Do not transport with:Food animal feed or animal supplies. Tie down and secure containers
  80. How should you store herbicide?
    Store downwind and downhill from houses play areas, and ponds. Store away from human and livestock areas to avoid contamination in case of fire. Signs posted with a locked door
  81. What type of exposure occurs if chemical blows onto an operator's chest?
    Dermal Exposure
  82. If you spill highly concentrated toxic chemicals on your clothing how should you clean them?
    Don't, dispose of them immediately and change into clean clothes.
  83. What is the most serious dermal exposure?
    When a pesticide is mixed with oil crosses the skin barrier and into the bloodstream, the results can be fatal.
  84. What are the factors affecting pesticides making its way into the groundwater?
    Pesticide properties, Soil properties, site conditions, management practices
  85. When should you not spray to prevent drift?
    When winds are over 10 mph, wind is blowing towards sensitive areas, winds are shifting and during periods of calm/inversion
  86. Which of these conditions is most likely to result in runoff?
    -Sloping areas
    -Areas with little ground cover
    -Intense rainfall
    -All of the above
    All of the above
  87. How do you determine if the pesticide you are using is prone to volatilization?
    Check the label, it often indicates.
  88. What are two ways for pesticides to move downwind to non-target areas?
    -By vapor drift and particle drift
    -By runoff or soil erosion
    -By microbial degradation and photodegredation
    -By leaching through the soil profile into underground rivers
    By vapor drift and particle drift
  89. What is the major concern of drift?
    Off target damage to vegetation and people
  90. What is the major complaint the Department of Agriculture receives about spraying?
    Spray drift from farms
  91. Who do you have to contact if you have a chemical spill?
    Illinois Emergency Management Agency (IEMA), they will notify the appropriate agency OR contact the emergency number on the label
  92. What does FIFRA stand for and what agency is the lead administrative agency?
    The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act administrated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) that regulates pesticide use and registration
  93. What federal agency regulated the registration of pesticides and the proper certification of pesticide applicators in the US?
    US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
  94. What act regulates the registration, storage, handling and distribution of pesticides in the state of Illinois?
    Illinois Pesticide Act
  95. What law is administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that requires that employees be informed of the pesticides and other hazardous chemicals in the workplace?
    Worker-Right-to-Know Law
  96. What agency administers the Structural Pest Control Act which regulates wood treatment and other pests inside houses or other structures in Illinois?
    Illinois Department of Public Health
  97. What agency serves as the state lead agency for administration of the Illinois Pesticide Act?
    Illinois Department of Agriculture
  98. How many years must records of restricted pesticide applications be maintained?
    2 Years
  99. Which of the following is important to consider when purchasing and applying a pesticide?
    -The label is a legal document
    -Before you buy and apply a pesticide read the label
    -A General Use pesticide is not given a classification on the label
    -All of the above
    All of the above
  100. When is the greatest potential for spray drift?
    When wind velocity is greater than 10 miles an hour or when the wind is blowing toward sensitive plants or critical areas
  101. When should you not apply low volume sprays (those having smaller droplet size)?
    During periods of high temperature or low humidity (since droplets evaporate easier)
Author
chaseg
ID
355078
Card Set
Illinois Department of Ag General Standard Exam Review
Description
To help study for Department of Ag
Updated