NPC NVFR and CAO 20.11 Mar 2021

  1. What are the requirements when calculating LSALT for routes operating under RNP 2?
    Add 1360ft (no towers) or 1000ft (to towers >360ft) 5nm either side of track
  2. When can you fly night VFR below LSALT?
    • Taking off in vicinity of departure aerodrome
    • When destination aerodrome in sight and descent made within 3nm
    • Being vectored
    • With 'night sun' per dispensation
    • NVGs (min 2 crew on goggles per AIP ENR 1.1 4.9.2 Note)
  3. If on goggles, what must you advise ATC of when below LSALT?
    "Request 'not above' ____ NVG"
  4. Class C/E VMC?
    • Vis: 5km
    • Cld: 1500m hor / 1000ft vert
  5. Class D VMC?
    • Vis: 5km
    • Cld: 600m hor / 1000ft vert above or 500ft vert below
  6. Class G VMC?
    • < 10000ft:
    • Vis: 5km
    • Cld: 1500m hor / 1000ft vert

    • At or below 3000ft AMSL or 1000ft AGL, whichever highest:
    • Vis: 5km
    • Cld: Clear cloud and in sight of ground/water
  7. Special VFR?
    • For operating in, entering/leaving or if beside CTR
    • By day only
    • Clear of cloud
    • >800 m vis
    • At speed to see and avoid obs
    • IAW CAR 157 above ground (500ft)

    (AIP ENR 1.2)
  8. Min operating altitude when conducting law enforcement operations?
    • Day:
    • 1000ft over city >30 kias
    • As low as required for Police Ops
    • IAW CAR 157

    • Night:
    • 1000ft >30 kias
    • 700ft if needed IF you have serviceable 'night sun'
    • NB 500ft if on NVIS
    • IAW Ops Man
  9. What do you need to operate below LSALT at night?
    Night sun per permit or NVIS
  10. What is the minimum external lighting and can it be reduced at all?
    • Anti cols on but can be reduced to nothing if operationally required
    • Call 'POLAIR 61 BLACK' if lights out
  11. What are the helo alternate minima requirements?
    • By day and night:
    • no cloud >SCT below 1500ft AGL
    • Vis >8km

    • If helo VMC is allowed at destination (ie, CTAF by day)
    • no cloud >SCT below 1000ft AGL
    • Vis >3km
  12. According to CAO 20.11, what are the requirements for carrying life jackets for both SE and ME aircraft?
    • SE: when outside auto distance to land
    • ME: When >50nm from land
  13. According to CAO 20.11, what are the requirements for carrying life rafts for both SE and ME aircraft?
    • SE: If flying > than 30 min cruise or 50nm
    • ME: If flying > than 120 min cruise or 400nm

    • Ops Man
    • 100nm or 30min flight at 120kias, whichever is less.
  14. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, what is the min NVIS flight currency req?
    • 3hrs NVIS flight AND
    • 3x takeoffs, ccts and landings in previous 6 mths OR
    • NPC/CCF in previous 6 mths

    Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.5.4
  15. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, how often do you conduct a NVIS proficiency check?
    • Annually
    • If OPC assessment meets NPC requirements or NPC within 3 mths then keep existing date of NPC

    CASR 61.1015
  16. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, what is the currency req for operations to other than a NVIS standard HLS?
    Once every 3 months

    Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.5.4
  17. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, what is the currency req for NVIS winch operations?
    • ###CHECK###
    • 1 x NVIS night winch in previous 6 mths AND
    • 1 x NVIS night winch to unlit HLS NVIS Basic in previous 3 mths
    • Can we winch unaided? (I don't think we can winch without goggles!)
  18. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, what is the currency req for Fast Rope/Rappel operations?
    Once every 12 mths

    Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.5.4
  19. Min aircraft equip for NVIS Ops IAW CAO 20.18?
    • - Serviceable RADALT that:
    • 1- displays instant impression of absolute ht and
    • 2- displays easily understood rate of change of ht
    • 3- has audio and visual warning of preselected ht

    • - Serviceable steerable searchlight adjustable in pitch and azimuth
    • - If below 500ft or from NVIS BASIC HLS using IR searchlight, IF there's a NVD failure, the pilot can:
    • 1- revert to white search/landing light or
    • 2- If 2 pilots with dual controls, hand over
  20. Besides min equip for NVIS Ops, what additional NVIS req are there IAW Ops Man?
    • Aircraft has min equip for NVFR/IFR flt
    • NVG and mounting system for helmet
    • Each crew has NVIS compatible torch
    • Each crew has lip light and may use finger light
  21. What speed vs ht restrictions apply for NVIS Ops?
    • <500 ft reduce speed to 80 kts
    • <200 ft reduce speed to 60 kts

    Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.7.2
  22. When can you descend below LSALT over water at night?
    • Req FD inc ALT HOLD which is not to be disengaged until base/finals and in sight of water
    • No overwater transits below 1000ft AGL (NB need personal reason to be below LSALT anyway)
    • Descent below 1000ft only when in cct area for landing or in surveillance area
    • Descent below 500ft only when surface visible/discernable and no descending turns
    • All altitude changes announced
    • All tgt altitudes set on RADALT before descent
    • All altitudes below 500 ft called
  23. What are NO-GO faults for goggles?
    • SEF
    • Shading
    • Edge glow
    • Flickering, flashing or intermittent ops
  24. What are acceptable faults for goggles?
    • Fixed pattern
    • Black spots
  25. #### BABCOCK ### What risk mitigators must be observed when using NVIS ops with reduced planning minima?
    • 1- Serviceable night sun/TRAKKA
    • 2- Maps accessible
    • 3- Pilot familiar with area and full time pilot at base
    • 4- Pilot is CAPT and approved to use reduced minima
    • 5- Spare goggles in reach
    • 6- Have instrument rating
    • 7- If transiting below LSALT IAW reduced minima then 2nd NVIS qualled pax up front
    • 8- Normal alt requirements
    • 9- Recover plan briefed
    • 10- Complete NVIS hazard risk where possible
  26. What are the Reduced Flight Planning Minima?
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    • IFR equipped aircraft is 1000 ft cloud base within 2nm of track
    • VFR equipped aircraft is no change to existing NVFR requirements
    • Vis 5km

    Ops Man 6B4.7.4 and CAO 82.6
  27. Define HLS-NVIS Standard?
    • Conforms to CAAP 92-2
    • Unlit
    • No windsock
  28. Define HLS-NVIS Basic?
    • Doesn't conform to CAAP 92-2
    • Unlit
    • Unprepared
  29. How long is a duty day and can you work longer if required?
    • Start time
    • 0500 - 0700: 11hrs
    • 0700 - 1200: 12hrs
    • 1200 - 1500: 11hrs
    • 1500 - 0500: 10hrs
    • You can increase by 1 hr if feeling good
    • Dep Chief or Chief Pilot can approve a further hour
    • Ops Man FMS 2.5
  30. How much rest is required prior to a shift IAW the FMS in th Ops Manual?
    • Off duty period: At least 8 consecutive hours inc 2300 - 0600 OR
    • 10 hrs otherwise

    Increased by 1 hr every 30 min over previous max limit FDP

    Ops Man FMS 2.5
  31. What equip is req'd to conduct winching over land at night?
    • 2x white lights controllable by Aircrewman illuminating winch area and cable, 2nd light may be torch; and
    • 2x independent white lights controllable by pilot without moving hands from controls
    • Winch down light illuminated
    • Cyalume attached to hook preferred but not req'd
    • 2 way intercom

    CAO 82.6 NVD Systems
  32. What must you have to conduct winch over water by night?
    • Aircraft attitude must be referenced against external object AND
    • Lights and intercom per over land winch
  33. What height restriction for live load winch training?
    • Only above 15ft if:
    • Training approved by Chief Pilot /TFO
    • Detailed plan/ brief conducted
    • TFOI must be on board

    Where possible, all training areas should have vehicle access.
  34. What do you do when you hear isolate isolate isolate?
    Turn winch off
  35. Where can you find the areas in Australia considered as remote location?
    ERSA: Gen Fis Inflight
  36. What equipment do you need if flying in remote areas?
    Survival equipment to sustain life appropriate to area being overflown
  37. What items of emergency equipment are on board each aircraft?
    • BK117 B-2
    • - Emerg door and window exits
    • - Fire ext beside pilot
    • - First Aid kit on left clam shell door
    • - EPIRB on person and in aircraft near bty compartment rear right
    • - life raft if fitted
    • - Switlik life jacket with heliograph, pen flares, strobe and epirb

    • AS365 N3
    • - Emerg doors
    • - 1 x fire ext ....
    • - EPIRB on person and aircraft ...
    • - Life raft if fitted
    • - Switlik per above
  38. Where will you find the legislation regarding minimum aircraft equipment required for NVG flight?
    • CAO 82.6 Night vision imaging system
    • CAO 20.18 Aircraft equipment
  39. NVFR recency requirements?
    1x take off and landing by night in previous 6 mths

    CASR 61.965
  40. What does the MEL state for minimum NVG requirements before flying?
    • All channels of the CSAS/AP
    • Full RADALT inc audio warning
    • NVG cockpit and cabin lighting
    • 1 x serviceable steerable search light
  41. How do goggles work?
    • Light into objective lens: pic turned upside down
    • Photocathode: photons into electrons
    • MCP: electrons multiplied
    • Phosphor screen: electrons into visible photons
    • Eyepiece lens: image righted into eye
  42. Privileges and limitations of all endorsements?
    • Privileges
    • Pilot / PIC aircraft, use equipment if:
    • Completed CASA approved course of instruction by qualified people
    • Assessed as competent by CASA approved assessing officer
    • Fly approaches assessed on

    • Limitations
    • Can't use quals in aircraft not assessed on
    • Can't use in aircraft not approved for type of flying
    • Can't use if haven't completed CASA approved course

    CASR 61.1030 and 61.1035
  43. NVIS or NVFR take off minima?
    • Require VMC conditions for departure and at LSALT unless using Reduced Flight Planning Minima
    • Alt requirements remain the same: No cld below 1500ft above destination and 8km vis
  44. Can your OPC/NPC/IPC be carried out in sim or aircraft or just aircraft?
    Both aircraft and sim if it's certified
  45. Grade 1 vs grade 2 NVG qual?
    Grade 1 requires instrument rating therefore grade 2 can only operate under normal NVFR requirements
  46. Why is there a different C of G limit and what are the restrictions?
    • Hoist ops increases the lateral allowable C of G window
    • Speed restricted to Vy (75kts)
  47. Where can you find list of similar aircraft types not requiring a new type rating or differences training?
    CASA instrument
  48. How do you know runway lighting is 60 or 90m gap?
    • ERSA
    • If it's a precision runway or runway associated with an approach it's 60m
    • Only small regional runways will be 90m generally
  49. How many hours can you fly NVIS in 1 duty period?
    • 5hrs in any FDP OR
    • 4hrs if training using degraded systems

    Ops Man FMS
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NPC NVFR and CAO 20.11 Mar 2021