P2U13

  1. Question #1 of 63Question ID: 1269586
    When the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) wants to expand (loosen) the money supply, it will




    • C)
    • Explanation

    When the FRB wants to expand (loosen) the money supply, it will buy Treasury securities from banks in the open market. The securities come out of the economy, and the money goes into the economy.
  2. Question #2 of 63Question ID: 1269590
    Which of the following correctly states the impact of open-market operations taken by the Federal Reserve Board (FRB)?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    When the FRB buys securities via open-market operations, it is taking securities out of the banking system and putting money into the banking system. This expands the money supply and reduces interest rates. Conversely, when the FRB sells securities via open-market operations, it is putting securities into the banking system and taking money out of the banking system. This contracts the money supply and increases interest rates.
  3. Question #3 of 63Question ID: 1280053
    The Federal Reserve could use which of the following to stimulate the economy?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    Taxation and government spending are tools of the president and congress. Changing the federal funds rate and open market activities (buying and selling treasuries) are tools of the Fed. Raising rates slows down the economy.
  4. Question #4 of 63Question ID: 1269599
    The best characterization of how economists view the money supply is




    • C)
    • Explanation

    Economists take a broad view of the money supply and include within it all cash (paper money and coins), loans, credit, and other liquid instruments, such as savings and checking accounts.
  5. Question #5 of 63Question ID: 1313232
    The Federal Reserve could do which of the following to slow the economy?




    • B)
    • Explanation

    Taxation and government spending are tools of the president and congress. Changing the discount rate and open market activities (buying and selling treasuries) are tools of the Fed. Raising rates slows down the economy. Buying treasuries injects money into the economy, speeding it up, not slowing it down.
  6. Question #6 of 63Question ID: 1269606
    Currency held by the public, including checking accounts and time deposits less than $100,000, and money market mutual funds would best be described by economists as




    • A)
    • Explanation

    M2 is M1 (currency held by the public including checking accounts) plus time deposits less than $100,000 and money market mutual funds.
  7. Question #7 of 63Question ID: 1269557
    If large money center commercial banks begin to lower their prime rates, which of the following is most likely to occur?




    • C)
    • Explanation

    When large money center commercial bank lower the prime rate, the rate charged to their most creditworthy corporate customers, smaller banks will generally follow in order to stay competitive. The discount rate is set by the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) (not banks), and if the broker call loan rate banks charge is impacted, it would also be lowered (not increased).
  8. Question #8 of 63Question ID: 1269553
    Which of the following interest rates do large U.S. money center commercial banks charge their most creditworthy corporate borrowers for unsecured loans?




    • B)
    • Explanation

    Each bank sets its own prime ratejQuery1124015453805930945963_1614394921630the rate charged to their most credit worthy corporate customers for unsecured loans.
  9. Question #9 of 63Question ID: 1269564
    A member of the Federal Reserve System wanting to increase its reserves could do so by borrowing money from

    A)another FRB member bank at the discount rate.
    B)the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) at the discount rate.
    C)the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) at the federal funds rate.
    D)another FRB member bank at the prime rate.
    • B)
    • Explanation

    A Federal Reserve Board member bank can increase its reserves by borrowing from the Federal Reserve Bank directly, or it can borrow from another FRB member bank. When borrowing from the FRB directly, a bank will pay the discount rate. When borrowing from another member bank, a bank will pay the federal funds rate.
  10. Question #10 of 63Question ID: 1269559
    When a bank lends money to a broker-dealer for the purpose of lending to margin account customers, the bank is lending at which of the following rates?




    • A)
    • Explanation

    Money lent to broker-dealers by banks for the purpose of making loans to margin account customers, the money is borrowed at the broker call loan rate (broker loan rate or call rate).
  11. Question #11 of 63Question ID: 1269561
    The rate at which banks lend to broker-dealers for the purpose of lending money for margin loans is typically




    • D)
    • Explanation

    The broker call loan rate is the rate at which banks lend to broker-dealers for the purpose of lending money for margin loans. This rate is usually slightly above, by a percentage point or so, other short-term lending rates.
  12. Question #12 of 63Question ID: 1269582
    When the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) directs that Treasury securities be purchased in the open market, this




    • B)
    • Explanation

    When the FOMC directs that Treasury securities be purchased in the open market, this increases the supply of money. Treasury securities are coming out of the economy and, therefore, money is going in??the money supply increases.
  13. Question #13 of 63Question ID: 1269588
    When the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) directs that Treasury securities be purchased in the open market, this will do which of the following?




    • C)
    • Explanation

    When the FOMC directs that Treasury securities be purchased in the open market, this will loosen the money supply; securities come out of the economy and money goes in to the economy. More money available lowers interest rates to consumers.
  14. Question #14 of 63Question ID: 1269603
    Where can demand deposits, checking accounts, paper currency and coins be found in the money supply?




    • C)
    • Explanation

    Demand deposits, checking accounts, paper currency, and coins are a part of M1 in the money supply. However, consider that M2 contains all of M1, and M3 contains all of M2 and M1; therefore, one should recognize that these components are found in each of them: M1, M2, and M3,
  15. Question #15 of 63Question ID: 1269565
    The interest rate negotiated for an uncollateralized overnight loan between two money center banks is known as




    • D)
    • Explanation

    The federal funds rate is the rate commercial money center banks charge each other for an overnight, unsecured (no collateral) loan.
  16. Question #16 of 63Question ID: 1269600
    All currency held by the public, including coins, checking accounts plus time deposits of less than $100,000, and money market mutual funds, is what economists define as




    • C)
    • Explanation

    M2 equals all of M1 (currency held by the public including coins and checking accounts) plus time deposits less than $100,000 and money market mutual funds.
  17. Question #17 of 63Question ID: 1269566
    When the supply for money exceeds the demand,




    • B)
    • Explanation

    Money available to lend is like all commodities in that its cost (interest) is impacted by supply and demand. When the supply is greater than the demand for money, interest rates fall, making consumer borrowing easier.
  18. Question #18 of 63Question ID: 1269552
    The Federal Reserve Board (FRB) might impact the money supply by using all of the following except




    • B)
    • Explanation

    The prime rate is set by money center banks, not the FRB. The remaining three answer choices are the tools available to the FRB to be used to impact the money supply.
  19. Question #19 of 63Question ID: 1269571
    Which of the following is the rate of interest charged by the Federal Reserve Bank (FRB) for short-term loans to its member banks?




    • B)
    • Explanation

    The discount rate is the rate the Federal Reserve charges for short-term loans to member banks.
  20. Question #20 of 63Question ID: 1269570
    Considered the most volatile of the benchmark interest rates in the economy would be




    • C)
    • Explanation

    The federal funds rate is the rate banks charge each other for overnight loans of $1 million or more. With overnight representing the shortest of loans and short-term interest rates being the most volatile, this rate is considered to be the most volatile of all the benchmark interest rates.
  21. Question #21 of 63Question ID: 1280052
    The monetarist theory proposes which of the following?




    • B)
    • Explanation

    The Federal Reserve controls the discount rate and repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements. The federal government controls taxes and spending.
  22. Question #22 of 63Question ID: 1280054
    The Federal Reserve sets which of these rates?




    • B)
    • Explanation

    Only the discount rate is set by the Fed. The others are set by the banks.
  23. Question #23 of 63Question ID: 1269574
    To ease its monetary policy, allowing consumers to borrow more easily, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) can




    • A)
    • Explanation

    Wanting to ease its monetary policy, which would allow consumers to borrow more easily, the FRB can lower the discount rate??the rate it charges its member banks for short-term loans. This frees up more money for its member banks to lend to consumers. The federal funds rate isn't one charged by the FRB but instead by large commercial banks to one another.
  24. Question #24 of 63Question ID: 1269604
    For those who follow monetary theory, which is the most complete measure of the money supply?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    M3 is the most complete of the money supply measures because it includes all of M1 and M2 and adds large time deposits (only those over $100,000) plus repurchase agreements (repos) with a term of more than one day.
  25. Question #25 of 63Question ID: 1269560
    A registered representative has a customer buying securities, but rather than paying in full, the customer wants to borrow some of the money needed for the purchase from the broker-dealer. It is explained to the customer that in order to borrow the money, there will be interest payable based on

    A)the discount rate.
    B)the federal funds rate.
    C)the prime rate.
    D)the broker call loan rate.
    • D)
    • Explanation

    The broker call loan rate is the interest rate banks charge broker-dealers on money they borrow to relend to margin account customers.
  26. Question #26 of 63Question ID: 1269556
    The prime rate is set by




    • B)
    • Explanation

    The prime rate is the interest rate that large U.S. money center commercial banks charge their most creditworthy corporate borrowers for unsecured loans. Each bank sets its own prime rate.
  27. Question #27 of 63Question ID: 1269591
    When the money supply in the economy increases,




    • A)
    • Explanation

    Increases in the money supply means more money is available to lend. This pushes interest rates down, hence borrowing and spending for consumers is easier.
  28. Question #28 of 63Question ID: 1269592
    When the money supply in the economy decreases,




    • D)
    • Explanation

    Decreases in the money supply means less money is available to lend. This pushes interest rates up, hence borrowing and spending for consumers is more difficult.
  29. Question #29 of 63Question ID: 1269589
    When the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) directs that Treasury securities be sold in the open market, this will do which of the following?




    • A)
    • Explanation

    When the FOMC directs that Treasury securities be sold in the open market, this will tighten the money supply; securities go into the economy, and money comes out of the economy. Less money available increases interest rates to consumers.
  30. Question #30 of 63Question ID: 1269598
    Within the money supply, which of the following are part of M2 but not M1?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    Money market funds are part of M2 but not M1. M2 includes everything in M1, plus time deposits and money market funds.
  31. Question #31 of 63Question ID: 1269580
    Which of the following organizations engaging in open-market operations acts as agent for the U.S. Treasury Department?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    Acting as an agent for the U.S. Treasury Department and under the direction of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) engages in open-market operations buying and selling Treasury securities: T-bills, notes, and bonds.
  32. Question #32 of 63Question ID: 1269583
    Money available to lend to corporations and consumers is impacted most in the United States by the policies of which of the following?




    • C)
    • Explanation

    The FOMC meets regularly to direct the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) to either buy or sell Treasury securities in the open market. Purchases add money to the economy, making the money available to lend more plentiful, and sales take money out of the economy, making money available to lend less plentiful.
  33. Question #33 of 63Question ID: 1269569
    Which of the following benchmark interest rates is considered a barometer of the direction of short-term interest rates?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    The federal funds rate is the rate that commercial money center banks charge each other for overnight loans of $1 million or more. Overnight, representing the shortest of loans, makes this rate a good indicator of the direction short-term interest rates are taking.
  34. Question #34 of 63Question ID: 1269605
    Which of the following would be the interest rate charged for overnight, uncollateralized loans negotiated between two money center banks?




    • A)
    • Explanation

    The federal funds rate is the rate commercial money center banks charge each other for an overnight, unsecured loan. It is considered a barometer of the direction of short-term interest rates such as commercial paper and Treasury bills, which often move up or down roughly in parallel with the funds rate.
  35. Question #35 of 63Question ID: 1269597
    To arrive at M3, one would add to M2 which of the following?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    Included in M3 but not found in M2 are time deposits of more than $100,000 and repurchase agreements with terms longer than one day.
  36. Question #36 of 63Question ID: 1269584
    Implementing monetary policy, and thereby undertaking the responsibility to maintain the stability of the U.S. financial system, is




    • D)
    • Explanation

    A special committee within the Federal Reserve Bank (FRB) of the United States is the FOMC. This committee sets monetary policy.
  37. Question #37 of 63Question ID: 1269573
    Certain actions taken by the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) would likely have the effect of causing interest rates to increase. Which would these be?

    The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) buying securities
    Raising the reserve requirements
    Raising the discount rate
    Raising the prime rate



    • B)
    • Explanation

    Raising reserve requirements, having more member deposits being held on reserve at the Fed, would lessen the money available to lend. Raising the discount rate, charging member banks more for loans, would also lessen the money available to lend. With less money available to lend, interest rates would go up.
  38. Question #38 of 63Question ID: 1269585
    When the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) directs that Treasury securities be sold in the open market, this




    • D)
    • Explanation

    When the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) directs that Treasury securities be sold in the open market, this decreases the supply of money. Treasury securities are going into the economy and, therefore, money is coming out??the money supply decreases.
  39. Question #39 of 63Question ID: 1269575
    To tighten its monetary policy, making it more difficult for consumers to borrow money, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) can




    • A)
    • Explanation

    Wanting to tighten its monetary policy, which would make it harder for consumers to borrow money, the FRB can raise the discount rate??the rate it charges its member banks for short-term loans. This lessens the availability of money its member banks have to lend to consumers. The federal funds rate isn't a rate charged by the FRB but instead by large commercial banks to one another.
  40. Question #40 of 63Question ID: 1269602
    According to economists which of the following is the correct characterization of the money supply?




    • D)
    • Explanation

    M3 includes all of M1 and M2, plus time deposits of more than $100,000 and repurchase agreements with terms longer than one day. In this light, M3 is that measure of the money supply that is the most inclusive.
  41. Question #41 of 63Question ID: 1269608
    A customer of a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) member firm buys securities on margin. The customer is expected to pay a rate of interest on the margin loan based on which of the following?

    A)The federal funds rate
    B)The broker call loan rate
    C)The discount rate
    D)The prime rate
    • B)
    • Explanation

    The broker call loan rate is the interest rate banks charge broker-dealers on money they borrow to lend to margin account customers. Margin accounts permit customers to purchase eligible securities without paying in full. Typically, an investor is required to deposit only 50% of the purchase price of eligible common stock with the balance being borrowed. The amount borrowed, as with any loan, is subject to interest payments.
  42. Question #42 of 63Question ID: 1269563
    Which of the following would be associated with loans made to member banks of the Federal Reserve?




    • C)
    • Explanation

    Loans made to member banks of the Federal Reserve are made by the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) at the discount rate. The call loan rate and the prime rate are rates at which banks lend to broker-dealers and corporate customers, respectively. Although margin is controlled by the FRB, it has no bearing on this question.
  43. Question #43 of 63Question ID: 1269567
    A barometer of short-term interest rates and one that is therefore considered the most volatile interest rate in the U.S. economy is

    A)the prime rate.
    B)the federal funds rate.
    C)the broker call loan rate.
    D)the discount rate.
    • B)
    • Explanation

    The federal funds rate is the rate commercial money center banks charge each other for overnight loans of $1 million or more. A barometer of the direction of short-term interest rates, which fluctuate constantly, the federal funds rate is considered the most volatile rate in the U.S. economy.
  44. Question #44 of 63Question ID: 1269593
    To expand the overall economy, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB), acting as agent for the U.S. Treasury department, will




    • D)
    • Explanation

    To expand the overall economy, we want to push interest rates down by increasing the money supply. Lower interest rates make borrowing and spending easier for consumers. To increase the money supply, the FRB will buy securities via open-market operations, taking securities out of the banking system and putting money into the banking system.
  45. Question #45 of 63Question ID: 1269558
    The broker loan rate charged by banks is also known as




    • A)
    • Explanation

    The broker loan rate or call loan rate is the interest rate banks charge broker-dealers on money that broker-dealers borrow to lend to margin account customers.
  46. Question #46 of 63Question ID: 1269601
    Large time deposits of more than $100,000 are considered to be found in what part of the money supply?




    • B)
    • Explanation

    M3 is where time deposits of more than $100,000 and repurchase agreements with terms longer than one day are found.
  47. Question #47 of 63Question ID: 1269555
    A bank is likely to do which of the following when the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) tightens the money supply?

    A)Raise the hypothecation loan rate
    B)Lower its prime rate
    C)Lower its broker call loan rate
    D)Raise its prime rate
    • D)
    • Explanation

    The prime rate and the broker call loan rate are set by banks for loans to corporate customers and broker-dealers, respectively. If the FRB tightens the money supply (makes less money available to lend), banks will need to charge more for loans and will raise their lending rates. The hypothecation process isn't a rate, but a percentage amount (140% of the debit balance) and will not be impacted by the Fed's action with the money supply.
  48. Question #48 of 63Question ID: 1269572
    Which benchmark interest rate indicates the direction of the Federal Reserve Board's monetary policy?




    • C)
    • Explanation

    The discount rate, being the rate the Federal Reserve Bank (FRB) charges for short-term loans to its member banks, is generally considered a good indication of the FRBs policy to either tighten or loosen its hold on the amount of money available to banks for lending to consumers.
  49. Question #49 of 63Question ID: 1269562
    Federal Reserve member banks needing to borrow money can borrow from




    • D)
    • Explanation

    Federal Reserve member banks needing to borrow have two resources: the Federal Reserve Bank itself, which will lend to them at the discount rate, and other member banks, who will lend to one another at the federal funds rate.
  50. Question #50 of 63Question ID: 1269568
    The rate that commercial money center banks charge each other for overnight loans is




    • D)
    • Explanation

    The federal funds rate is the rate commercial money center banks charge each other for overnight loans of $1 million or more.
  51. Question #51 of 63Question ID: 1269594
    To contract the overall economy, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB), acting as agent for the U.S. Treasury department, will




    • A)
    • Explanation

    To contract the overall economy, we want to push interest rates up by decreasing the money supply. Higher interest rates make borrowing and spending more difficult for consumers. To decrease the money supply, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) will sell securities via open-market operations, putting securities into the banking system and taking money out of the banking system.
  52. Question #52 of 63Question ID: 1269578
    The cost of doing business is closely linked to the cost of money, which is known as




    • A)
    • Explanation

    The cost of doing business is closely linked to the cost of money; the cost of money is called interest. In large measure, the supply and demand of money determines the rate of interest that must be paid to borrow it.
  53. Question #53 of 63Question ID: 1269551
    Tighter credit will




    • D)
    • Explanation

    Tighter credit means that there is less money available to lend to consumers. Less money available to lend means less consumer spending, which will slow economic growth, and helps prevent or slow inflation.
  54. Question #54 of 63Question ID: 1269607
    Which of the following has the greatest influence on the money supply within the United States?




    • B)
    • Explanation

    The Federal Reserve Board (FRB) influences the money supply by buying and selling U.S. government securities in the open market which expand or contract the money supply. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) consists of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and several Reserve Bank presidents. The committee meets regularly to direct the government's open-market operations. For example, when the FOMC directs the purchase of securities, it increases the supply of money in the banking system, and when it sells securities, it decreases the supply.
  55. Question #55 of 63Question ID: 1269576
    To stimulate the economy during a recession by expanding the availability of credit, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) would do any of the following except




    • A)
    • Explanation

    To stimulate the economy by expanding the availability of credit (more money available, which lowers interest rates), the FRB can buy U.S. government securities in open-market operations, lower the discount rate, and lower the reserve requirement. The federal funds rate is not set by the FRB.
  56. Question #56 of 63Question ID: 1269587
    When the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) wants to contract (tighten) the money supply, it will




    • A)
    • Explanation

    When the FRB wants to contract (tighten) the money supply, it will sell Treasury securities to banks in the open market. The securities go into the economy, and the money comes out of the economy.
  57. Question #57 of 63Question ID: 1269581
    When engaging in open-market operations, taking actions to either expand or contract the money supply, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) will buy or sell




    • C)
    • Explanation

    The FRB will buy or sell Treasury securities in the open market to either expand or contract the money supply.
  58. Question #58 of 63Question ID: 1269554
    A bank is likely to do which of the following when the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) eases the money supply?

    A)Raise its broker call loan rate
    B)Lower its prime rate
    C)Lower the hypothecation loan rate
    D)Raise its prime rate
    • B)
    • Explanation

    The prime rate and the broker call loan rate are set by banks for loans to corporate customers and broker-dealers, respectively. If the FRB eases the money supply (makes more money available to lend), banks can charge less for loans and will lower their lending rates. The hypothecation process isn't a rate, but a percentage amount (140% of the debit balance) and will not be impacted by the Fed's action with the money supply.
  59. Question #59 of 63Question ID: 1269579
    When the demand for money exceeds the supply,




    • A)
    • Explanation

    Money available to lend is like all commodities in that its cost (interest) is impacted by supply and demand. When the demand for money exceeds the supply, interest rates rise, making consumer borrowing more difficult.
  60. Question #60 of 63Question ID: 1269609
    Which of the following entities is chiefly responsible to conduct U.S. monetary policy and maintain the stability of the financial system?




    • A)
    • Explanation

    The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States, and a special committee within the Federal Reserve System known as the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) sets monetary policy.
  61. Question #61 of 63Question ID: 1269596
    When the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) utilizes the tools available to it, it is influencing




    • A)
    • Explanation

    Through the use of open-market operations, affecting changes in the discount rate, and setting reserve requirements, the FRB is influencing the money supply. The money supply is the capital available for lending institutions to lend and thus consumers to borrow and spend.
  62. Question #62 of 63Question ID: 1269595
    Tools available to the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) include




    • A)
    • Explanation

    While engaging in monetary policy to impact the money supply, the FRB has three tools: open-market operations, setting the discount rate, and setting reserve requirements. Tax laws are fiscal policy, and neither the prime rate nor the Fed funds rate is set by the FRB.
  63. Question #63 of 63Question ID: 1269577
    To prevent inflation by tightening the availability of credit, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) would do any of the following except




    • A)
    • Explanation

    To slow the economy in an attempt to prevent inflation by tightening the availability of credit (less money available, which raises interest rates), the FRB can sell U.S. government securities in open-market operations, raise the discount rate, and raise the reserve requirement. The prime rate is set by banks not the FRB.
Author
NancyShi
ID
354709
Card Set
P2U13
Description
Part 2 Unit13
Updated