Alsace Vineyards 4 - Wettolsheim to Orschwihr

  1. Between what cities is the central part of the Haut-Rhin Département
    • Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
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  2. Haut-Rhine Zone 4 is in which fault bundle?
    Guebwiller/Rouffach: Wintzenheim to Orschwihr
  3. T or F? Wintzenheim is a major tourist destination in Alsace
    False: Like Ingersheim, Wintzenheim offers little touristic interest.
  4. Describe the Hengst Grand Cru
    • Translation: Stallion (like wine, untamed in youth but ages gracefully for 20 years)
    • Location: Wintzenheim
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Calcareous Marly Sandstone; limestone inter-fingered with marly limestone with sandstone pebbles at the top of the slope
    • Vineyard: 75.78 ha (189.5 acres), faces SE, altitude 270-360 m (891-1,188 ft),
    • Grapes: R, G (majority), PG
    • Established Star: Josmeyer, Albert Mann, Barmes-Buecher, Paul Buecher, Zind-Humbrecht
    • Notable: First mentioned in 9th century, stellar reputation
  5. Describe Clos Häuserer
    • Translation: Houses
    • Location: Wintzenheim
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Marly Limestone; colluvial topsoil (slope wash from Hengst!)
    • Vineyard: 1.2 ha (3 acres), faces E
    • Grapes: R
    • Notable: owned by Zind-Humbrecht
  6. Describe Lieu-Dit Rotenberg
    • Translation: Red Mountain (referring to iron-rich soil)
    • Location: Wintzenheim (top/NW side of Hengst Grand Cru)
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Sandy-Silty-Clayey limestone
    • Vineyard: altitude 300 m (990 ft)
  7. Describe the Steingrübler Grand Cru
    • Translation: Stone Miner (references quarries that date to 13th century)
    • Location: Wettolsheim
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Calcareous Marly Sandstone; sandy marl atop clay-limestone
    • Vineyard: 22.95 ha (57.4 acres), faces SE, altitude 280-350 m (924-1,155 ft)
    • Grapes: R, G
    • Sleeping Beauty: Barmès-Buecher, Albert Mann
    • Notable: First record in 1487 when owned by the Abbey of Marbach
  8. Describe Lieu-Dit Rosenberg
    • Translation: Rose Mountain
    • Location: Wettolsheim
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: sandstone and flint atop limestone and clay
    • Vineyard: faces E and NE, extention of Pfersigberg Grand Cru
  9. Describe the Pfersigberg Grand Cru
    • Location: Wettolsheim and Eguisheim
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Calcareous Sandstone; stony conglomerate of muschelkalk and sandstone
    • Vineyard: 74.55 ha (186 acres), faces E and SE, altitude 220-330 m (726-1,089 ft),
    • Grapes: R, G, PG, M
    • Established Star: Kuentz-Bas, Charles Baur, Bruno Sorg, Paul Ginglinger, Wolfberger, Paul Zinck
    • Notable: First mentioned in the 16th century
  10. Describe the village of Eguisheim
    • Tourist mecca
    • Multi-colored half-timbered houses in concentric rings around a castle
    • Ranked as one of the "Most Beautiful Villages of France"
    • National Grand Prix of Flowers (flower displays and window boxes)
    • Pope Leo IX was born here
    • Home to 30 growers, 2 Grand Crus, and largest cooperative (Wolfberger)
  11. Describe the Eichberg Grand Cru
    • Location: Eguisheim
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Marly Limestone; clayey-sandstone rubble covers part of slopes
    • Vineyard: 57.62 ha (144 acres), faces SE, altitude 220-340 m (726-1,122 ft), 2 gentle slopes, below 3 castles, lowest rainfall
    • Grapes: R, G, PG
    • Established Star: Kuentz-Bas, Albert Hertz, Bruno Sorg, Charles Baur, Paul Ginglinger, Wolfberger, Paul Zinck
    • Notable: Assembled from tithes to Marback Abbey in 11th century, originally named Eissche
  12. Describe the village of Hattstatt ("took place")
    Sainte-Colombe, one of Alsace's oldest churches (12th century) sits on a hill above the town
  13. Describe the village of Voegthlinshoffen
    • Destroyed during 30 years war; rebult with fachwerk architecture
    • Peregrine falcons nest in a protected quarry of pink quartzite
  14. Describe the Hatschbourg Grand Cru
    • Location: Hattstatt and Voegthlinshoffen
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Marly Limestone; covered by loess/loam at base of slope and limestone/sandstone scree at the top
    • Vineyard: 47.36 ha (118.4 acres), faces S and SE, altitude 210-330 m (693-1,089 ft)
    • Grapes: R, G, PG, M
    • Sleeping Beauty: Joseph Cattin, Gérard Hartmann, Cave de Pfaffenheim, Domaine Otter
    • Notable: Very expensive wine in the 16th and 17th centuries
  15. Describe the village of Gueberschwihr
    Winemaking village with fachwerk and a church bell tower
  16. Describe the Goldert Grand Cru
    • Translation: Golden (color of its wine)
    • Location: Gueberschwihr
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Marly Limestone; Dogger (oolitic) limestone at the top with marly limestone and scree on the mid slopes on down
    • Vineyard: 45.35 ha (113 acres), faces E, altitude 230-330 m (759-1,089 ft)
    • Grapes: R, G (majority), PG, M
    • Established Star: Ernest Burn, Zind-Humbrecht, Cave de Pfaffenheim, Ginglinger-Fix, Louis Scherb
    • Notable: Owned by bishops of Basle and Strasbourg, parish of Gueberschwihr, and many abbeys from the Middle Ages until the French revolution
  17. Describe Clos Saint-Imer
    • Location: Gueberschwihr
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Dogger (oolitic) limestone; stony clay and limestone over calcareous sandstone
    • Vineyard: 5 ha (12.5 acres), faces SE, highest part of Goldert Grand Cru
    • Grapes: R, G, PG, M, PN
    • Notable: One of Alsace's most famous clos; Domaine Ernest Brun, monopole; can be labeled with the name of the clos and the Goldert Grand Cru
  18. Describe the village of Pfaffenheim
    • Previously called Papanheim due to large wineries owned by convents and monasteries
    • Dates to Roman or Celtic times, destroyed 4 times
    • Home to Cave de Pfaffenheim (large cooperative)
  19. Describe Lieu-Dit Bihl
    • Translation: Hill
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: calcareous loess
    • Vineyard: faces W, hill runs E-W
  20. Describe the villages of Westhalten and Soultzmatt
    • Located in the heart of the Vallée Noble, between the hills of Bollenberg, Strangenberg, and Zinnkoepflé
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  21. Describe the Steinert Grand Cru
    • Translation: Stony
    • Location: Pfaffenheim and Westhalten
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Limestone; Dogger limestone and scree
    • Vineyard: 38.9 ha (97.25 acres), faces E, altitude m ( ft),
    • Grapes: R, G, PG
    • Sleeping Beauty: Pierre Frick, Domaine Rieflé, Cave de Pfaffenheim
    • Notable: Benedictine Convent of Muri and dioceses (jurisdiction of a bishop) of Basle and Strasbourg owned vineyards here in 1150
  22. Describe Lieu-Dit Breitenberg
    • Translation: Wide Mountain
    • Location: Soultzmatt
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Sandy topsoil over sandstone
    • Vineyard: faces S
  23. Describe the city of Rouffach
    • Interesting buildings: 13th century Witches Tower, 15th century church, Corn Exchange
    • Ecomuseum at Ungersheim shows life during the Middle Ages
    • Chateau d'Issenheim (now a luxury hotel) overlooks Rouffach
  24. Describe Lieu-Dit Rotmurlé
    • Translation: Red Wall
    • Location: Rouffach
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: iron-rich calcareous red-brown topsoil atop limestone
    • Vineyard: faces W with late afternoon sunshine
    • Grapes: R, G, PG, PN
  25. Describe the Vorgourg Grand Cru
    • Location: Rouffach and Westhalten
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Calcareous Sandstone; oollitic Dogger limestone and sandstone
    • Vineyard: 73.61 ha (184 acres), faces S and SE, one of the driest and sunniest meso-climates in Alsace
    • Grapes: R, G, PG, M
    • Sleeping Beauty: René Muré, Pierre Frick, Lycée Viticole de Rouffach, Dopff & Irion
  26. Describe Clos Saint Landelin
    • Location: Rouffach
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Clay-Limestone; stony, subsoil of calcareous sandstone and calcareous clay conglomerates
    • Vineyard: 11.8 ha (29.5 acres), faces S, steep and terraced, southern end of Vorbourg Grand Cru
    • Grapes: R (bottom), G and M (middle), PG (SW side), Sylvaner (SE side), PN (plateau)
    • Notable: Regularly produces VT and SGN due to Ohmbach River at base of clos; 7th century clos
  27. Describe the Zinnkoepflé Grand Cru
    • Translation: Pewter head
    • Location: Soultzmatt and Westhalten
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Calcareous Sandstone; muschelkalk limestone and calcareous sandstone
    • Vineyard: 71.03 ha (177.6 acres), faces S and SE, altitude 460 m (1,518 ft), very steep, one of the highest vineyards in Alsace
    • Grapes: R, G, PG
    • Established Star: Léon Boesch, Seppi Landmann, René Muré, Eric Rominger, Agathe Bursin, Paul Kubler, Bestheim, Cave de Pfaffenheim
    • Notable: site of sun worship in pagan times
  28. Describe the Pfingstberg Grand Cru
    • Translation: Pentecost Mountain
    • Location: Orschwihr
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Calcareous Marly Sandstone; muschelkalk and sandstone; lower slope (Lieu-Dit Lippelsberg) is clayey marly sandstone
    • Vineyard: 28.15 ha (70 acres), faces SE, altitude 270-370 m (891-1,221 ft),
    • Grapes: R, G, PG, M
    • Born-Again: François Schmitt, François Braun, Camille Braun, Valentin-Zuzzlin, Lucien Albrecht (now part of Wolfberger, Co-op of Eguisheim)
    • Notable: Dates to 1299
  29. Describe Lieu-Dit Bollenberg
    • Location: Rouffach-Orschwihr
    • Zone: central Haut-Rhin (4), Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
    • Soil: Marly Limestone
    • Vineyard: 300 ha (750 acres), all sides of gently rounded hill are planted with vines, no steep slopes or terraces
    • Grapes: all grapes thrive here; near-constant hydric stress (dry)
  30. Distinguish viticultrice, viticulteur, and vigneron
    • viticultrice: viticulturist (a person who cultivates and harvests grapes)
    • vigneron: winemaker (a person who makes wine)
    • viticulteur: winegrower (a person who cultivates a vineyard and makes wine)
  31. How many important terroirs are in the central Haut-Rhin, Wettolsheim to Orschwihr (zone 4)?
    • Grand Crus: 10
    • Lieu-Dits: 6 (Rotenberg, Rosenberg, Bihl, Breitenberg, Rotmurlé, Bollenberg)
    • Clos: 3 (Häuserer, Saint-Imer, Saint Landelin)
Author
mikedutch
ID
354649
Card Set
Alsace Vineyards 4 - Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
Description
Wine Scholar Guild Alsace Master Level Program
Updated