Association & Calculations

  1. Dull to Percussion (diagnostic chest percussion)
    • Associated with:
    • Fluid-filled lungs 🫁
    • (Pneumonia or pleural effusion)
  2. Hyperresonant percussion (diagnostic chest percussion)
    • Associated with:
    • Pneumothorax
  3. Flattened 'T' Waves (on ECG)
    • Associated with:
    • Hypokalemia
  4. Rhonchi (coarse rales)
    • Associated with:
    • Mucus in large airways
  5. Unilateral Wheezing
    • Associated with:
    • Lung mass or Foreign body
  6. Medium Rales
    • Associated with:
    • Secretions in mid-sized airways
  7. Pleural friction Rub
    • Associated with:
    • Tuberculosis
    • Lung cancer
    • Pulmonary infarction
  8. Fine Rales
    • Associated with:
    • CHF & Pulmknary Edema
  9. Spiked "T" waves
    • Associated with:
    • Hyperkalemia
  10. Drooping eyelids, Double vision, Dysphagia
    • Associated with:
    • Myasthenia Gravis
  11. Angry, irritable, combative
    • Associated with:
    • Electrolyte imbalance
  12. Orthopnea
    • Associated with:
    • CHF
  13. Pitting Edema
    • Associated with:
    • CHF
  14. General Malaise
    • Associated with:
    • Electrolyte imbalance
  15. Stuporous Confused
    • Associated with:
    • Drug overdose
  16. Digital clubbing
    • Associated with:
    • COPD
  17. Pink, frothy secretions
    • Asaociated with:
    • Pulmonary Edema
  18. Tachycardia
    • Associated with:
    • Hypoxia
  19. Purulent sputum
    • Associated with:
    • Chronic bronchitis
  20. Cold, clammy skin
    • Associated with:
    • Myocardial Infarction
  21. 3-layer sputum
    • Associated with:
    • Bronchiectasis
  22. Sudden onset of SOB
    • Associated with:
    • Pulmonary embolism
  23. Weakness in Legs (lower extremities)
    • Associated with:
    • Gullain-Barré Syndrome
  24. Sudden onset of Tachypnea
    • Asaociated with:
    • Pneumothorax
  25. Inverted 'T' waves
    • Associated with:
    • Myocardial Ischemia
  26. Night sweats
    • Associated with:
    • Tuberculosis
  27. "Marked" "Severe"
    • Associated with:
    • Life-threatening Emergent condition
  28. Ashen or Pallor
    • Associated with:
    • Anemia
    • Acute blood loss
  29. Lethargic, sleepy somnolent
    • Associated with:
    • CO2 overdose
  30. Increased A-P diameter
    • Associated with:
    • COPD (chronic air-trapping)
  31. Diaphoresis
    • Associated with:
    • CHF
    • Heart failure
  32. Kussmaul's Breathing
    • Associated with:
    • Metabolic Acidosis
    • Diabetes, renal failure
  33. Mucoid sputum
    • Associated with:
    • Chronic bronchitis
  34. Sub-sternal Retractions
    • Associated with:
    • Infant Respiratory Distress
  35. Pronounced "Q" Waves
    • Associated with:
    • Previous Myocardial Infarction
  36. Venous Distension
    • Associated with:
    • CHF
    • COPD
  37. Elevated "S-T" segment
    • Associated with:
    • Current Myocardial Infarction
  38. Hypernatremia
    • Associated with:
    • Dehydration
  39. Accessory muscle hypertrophy
    • Associated with:
    • COPD
  40. Bronchogram
    • Associated with:
    • Bronchiectasis
  41. Elevated eosinophil count
    • Associated with:
    • Asthma
  42. Sleep study results:
    Chest movement without nasal flow
    • Associated with:
    • Obstructive sleep apnea
  43. Sleep study results:
    No chest movement without nasal flow
    • Associated with:
    • Central sleep apnea
  44. Pulmonary function results:
    Decrease Volumes
    • Associated with:
    • Restrictive pulmonary impairment
  45. Pulmonary function results:
    Decreased Flows
    FEV1/FVC%
    FEV1, FEF25-75
    FEF200-1200
    • Associated with:
    • Obstructive pulmonary impairment
  46. Pulmonary function results:
    Decrease Flows
    FEV1/FVC%
    FEV1, FEF25-75
    FEF200-1200
    Obstructive pulmonary impairment
  47. Pulmonary Vascular Resistance
    PVR = [(mPAP - PCWP)/C.O.] × 80
  48. Systemic Vascular Resistance
    SVR = [(MAP - CVP)/C.O.] × 80
  49. Cardiac Output
    Qt = (VO2) / C(a-v)O2 × 10
  50. Pulse pressure
    Pulse px = Systolic - Diastolic
  51. Alveolar Oxygen Tension (PAO2)
    PAO2 = [(PB - PH2O) × FIO2] - (PaCO2/0.8)
  52. Cardiac Index C.I.
    C.I. = C.O. / BSA (M²)
  53. Alveolar-arterial Oxygen gradient (A-aDO2)
    A-aDO2 = PAO2 - PaO2
  54. Arrerial Oxygen Content (CaO2)
    CaO2 = (Hb × 1.34 × SaO2) + (PaO2 × 0.003)
  55. VO2 (oxygen consumption)
    VO2 = QT × C(a-v)O2 × 10
  56. Venous Oxygen content (CVO2)
    CVO2 = (Hb × 1.34 × SVO2) - (PvO2 × 0.003)
  57. Shunt Equation Qs/Qt
    Qs/Qt = (A-aDO2 × 0.003) / [(A-aDO2) × 0.003] + C(a-v)O2
  58. Arrerial-Venous Oxygen content C(a-v)O2
    C(a-v)O2 = CaO2 - CvO2
  59. Deadspace ratio Vd/Vt
    Vd/Vt = (PaCO2 - PECO2 × 10) / PaCO2
  60. PaO2/FIO2 (P/F ratio)
    P/F ratio = PaO2 / FIO2
  61. Max Suction Catheter Size
    Max suctuon Catheter size = (ETT ID × 3) / 2
  62. Alveolar Venrilation (VA)
    • VA = (VT - VD) × RR
    • est VD = 1 cc/lb of IBW
  63. Dynamic Compliance
    Dynamic compliance = exhaled VT / (Peak Px - PEEP)
  64. Static Compliance
    Static compliance = exhaled VT / (Plateau Px - PEEP)
  65. Predicted body weight (PBW)
    • Male PBW = 50 + (2.3 × (height - 60))
    • Female PBW = 45.5 + (2.3 × (height - 60))
    • [Height in inches]
Author
amwallis
ID
354399
Card Set
Association & Calculations
Description
Updated