Alsace Divisions

  1. Name 4 ways to group the Grand Crus of Alsace
    • Departmental (2 divisions): administrative départements of Bas-Rhin (north) and Haut-Rhin (south)
    • Topographical (3 divisions): lower slopes of Vosges peaks, sub-Vosgian hills, Rhine plain
    • Geological (3 divisions): cross-fault bundles perpendicular to Vosges and Rhine fault lines
    • Physiographic (5 divisions): clusters of Grand Crus
  2. Name the departmental divisions and number of Grand Crus in each
    • Bas-Rhin: 13 Grand Crus
    • Haut-Rhin: 38 Grand Crus
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  3. Name the Topographical divisions
    • Lower slopes of Vosges peaks: few vineyards are planted on these steep slopes of granite, gneiss, and volcanic rock
    • Sub-vosgian hills: most vineyards are planted on this complex mélange of sedimentary soil types
    • Rhine plain: harvest attains average ripeness; ideal for Auxerrois and Pinot Blanc intended for crémant production
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  4. Name the Geological divisions and the number of Grand Crus in each
    • Saverne (north of Strasbourg): 13 Grand Crus (7 within Andlau Field of Tectonic Fractures); some uniformity of soils
    • Ribeauvillé (north of Colmar): 22 Grand Crus
    • Guebwiller/Rouffach (south of Colmar): 11 Grand Crus; 3X size of Ribeauvillé
  5. Name the northern- and southern-most Grand Crus in each Geological division
    • Saverne Fault Bundle (6 GC): Steinklotz to Kirchberg de Barr;
    • Saverne-Andlau Field of Tectonic Fractures (7 GC): Zotzenberg to Frankstein
    • Ribeauvillé Fault Bundle (22 GC): Praelatenberg to Brand
    • Guebwiller/Rouffach Fault Bundle (11 GC): Hengst to Rangen
  6. Define physiography
    Subfield of geography that studies physical patterns and processes of the Earth
  7. Locate the 5 physiographical divisions of Alsace
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  8. Between what cities is the northern part of the Bas-Rhin Département
    • Wissembourg to Mosheim
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  9. How many alluvial fans are in the northern part of the Bas-Rhin Département?
    • 1
    • Bruche river: opens eastward at Molsheim
  10. Which Grand Crus/Soil Types are in the northern part of the Bas-Rhin Département?
    • There are 5 Grand Crus on hill soils (Limestone and Marl-Limestone)
    • Steinklotz (Marlenheim): Limestone
    • Altenberg de Bergbieten (Bergbieten): Marl-Limestone-Gypsum
    • Engelberg (Dahlenheim): Marl-Limestone
    • Altenberg de Wolxheim (Wolxheim): Marl-Limestone
    • Bruderthal (Molsheim): Marl-Limestone
  11. Between what cities is the southern part of the Bas-Rhin Département
    • Rosheim to Scherwiller
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  12. How many alluvial fans are in the southern part of the Bas-Rhin Département?
    • 1
    • Andlau river: opens eastward at Barr
    • Soils: At Dambach-la-Ville, the granite peaks of the Vosges abut the alluvial plain directly, with no sub-Vosgian hills in-between.
  13. Which Grand Crus/Soil Types are in the southern part of the Bas-Rhin Département?
    • There are 8 Grand Crus, on mountain (granite, schist, volcanic, sandstone), hillside (marl-limestone), and plain (scree) soils
    • Kirchberg de Barr (Barr): Marl-Limestone
    • Zotzenberg (Mittelbergheim): Marl-Limestone
    • Kastelberg (Andlau): Steige Schist
    • Wiebelsberg (Andlau): Sandy Sandstone
    • Moenchberg (Andlau and Eichhoffen): Marl-Limestone and Scree
    • Muenchberg (Nothalten): Puddingstone conglomerates with Volcanic elements
    • Winzenberg (Blienschwiller): Granite
    • Frankstein (Dambach-la-Ville): Granite
  14. Between what cities is the northern part of the Haut-Rhin Département
    • Châtenois to Colmar
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  15. How many alluvial fans are in the northern part of the Haut-Rhin Département?
    • 4
    • Lièpvrette river: spills eastward at Sélestat
    • Strengbach river: empties eastward at Ribeauvillé
    • Weiss river: open eastward at Kaysersberg
    • Fecht river: empties eastward just south of Colmar
    • Soils: "golden triangle" terroir, marly limestone, and granite
  16. Name the cities and soils that form the "golden triangle" in the northern part of the Haut-Rhin Département
    • Bergheim, Ribeauvillé, Riquewihr
    • Soils: high concentration of great terroir on complex, sedimentary sub-Vosgian hills
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  17. Which Grand Crus/Soil Types are in the northern part of the Haut-Rhin Département?
    • There are 22 Grand Crus, on mountain soils (granite, schist, sandstone) and hillside soils (limestone, marly limestone, marly clay, calcareous marly sandstone)
    • Praelatenberg (Orshwiller and Kintzheim): Granite/Gneiss
    • Gloeckelberg (Rodern and St.-Hippolyte): Granite/Schist
    • Kanzlerberg (Bergheim): Marly Clay and Gypsum
    • Altenberg de Bergheim (Bergheim): Marly Limestone
    • Osterberg (Ribeauvillé): Marl
    • Kirchberg de Ribeauvillé (Ribeauvillé): Calcareous Marly Sandstone
    • Geisberg (Ribeauvillé): Calcareous Marly Sandstone
    • Rosacker (Hunawihr): Dolomitic Limestone
    • Schoenenbourg (Riquewihr): Calcareous Marly Sandstone, Gypsum, Sandy Gravel
    • Sporen (Riquewihr): Stoney Marly Clay
    • Froehn (Zellenberg): Iron-rich Marly Clay
    • Sonnenglanz (Beblenheim): Marly Limestone
    • Mandelberg (Mittelwihr): Marly Limestone
    • Wineck-Schlossberg (Katzenthal): Granite
    • Schlossberg (Kaysersberg and Kientzheim): Granite
    • Furstentum (Kientzheim and Sigolsheim): Limestone
    • Mambourg (Sigolsheim): Marly Limestone
    • Marckrain (Bennwihr): Marly Limestone
    • Kaefferkopf (Ammerschwihr): Alluvial fan atop Granite, Limestone, Sandstone
    • Sommerberg (Niedermorschwihr) and Katzenthal): Granite
    • Florimont (Ingersheim): Marly Limestone
    • Brand (Turckheim): Granite
  18. Between what cities is the central part of the Haut-Rhin Département
    • Wettolsheim to Orschwihr
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  19. How many alluvial fans are in the central part of the Haut-Rhin Département?
    • None
    • Soils: higher concentration of clay
  20. Which Grand Crus/Soil Types are in the central part of the Haut-Rhin Département?
    • There are 10 Grand Crus on mountain (limestone) and foothill soils (marly limestone, calcareous sandstone, calcareous marly sandstone).
    • Hengst (Wintzenheim): Calcareous Marly Sandstone
    • Steingrubler (Wettolsheim): Calcareous Marly Sandstone
    • Eichberg (Eguisheim): Marly Limestone
    • Pfersigberg (Eguisheim): Calcareous Sandstone
    • Hatschbourg (Hattstatt and Voegthlinshoffen): Marly Limestone and Loess
    • Goldert (Gueberschwihr): Marly Limestone
    • Steinert (Pfaffenheim): Limestone
    • Vorgourg (Westhalten and Rouffach): Calcareous Sandstone
    • Zinnkoepfle (Soultzmatt and Westhalten): Calcareous Sandstone
    • Pfingstberg (Orschwihr): Calcareous Marly Sandstone
  21. Between what cities is the southern part of the Haut-Rhin Département
    • Guebwiller to Thann
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  22. How many alluvial fans are in the southern part of the Haut-Rhin Département?
    • 2
    • Lauch river: spills eastward at Guebwiller
    • Thur river: empties eastward at Thann
    • Soils: sandstone and volcanic soils dominate the hills
  23. Which Grand Crus/Soil Types are in the southern part of the Haut-Rhin Département?
    • There are 6 Grand Crus with mountain (volcanic, sandstone) and foothill (marly sandstone, calcareous marly sandstone) soils.
    • Kitterle (Guebwiller): Sandstone, Volcanic
    • Kessler (Guebwiller): Sandstone-Clay (not one of the 13 soil types)
    • Spiegel (Bergholtz and Guebwiller): Marly Sandstone
    • Saering (Guebwiller): Calcareous Marly Sandstone
    • Ollwiller (Wuenheim): Sandstone-Clay (not one of the 13 soil types)
    • Rangen (Thann): Volcanic
  24. How many Grand Crus are planted on plain soils?
    None: however, Hatschbourg (Hattstatt and Voegthlinshoffen) has loess with marly limestone and Moenchberg (Andlau and Eichhoffen) has scree with marly limestone.
  25. How many Grand Crus are planted on clay soils?
    None: however 3 (Kanzlerberg, Froehn, and Sporen) are planted on marly clay soils and 2 (Kessler and Ollwiller) are planted on sandstone-clay (not one of the 13 types) soils
  26. Which 8 Grand Crus are planted on granite?
    • Wineck-Schlossberg
    • Schlossberg
    • Sommerberg
    • Brand
    • Winzenberg
    • Frankstein
    • Praelatenberg: also Gneiss
    • Gloeckelberg: also Schist
  27. Which 3 Grand Crus are planted on volcanic soils?
    • Rangen
    • Muenchberg: also Puddingstone
    • Kitterlé: also Sandstone
Author
mikedutch
ID
354333
Card Set
Alsace Divisions
Description
Wine Scholar Guild Alsace Master Level Program
Updated