MT chp 5 drug types

  1. emolients
    oily in nature; used for dry skin, psoriasis 

    Ex Desitin
  2. keratolytics
    agent that causes or promotes loosening of skin keratin; used to treat acne, warts, calluses, fungal infections.

    Ex. Duofilm, Keralyt, and Compound W
  3. local anesthetic agents
    agents that inhibit conduction of nerve impulses; used to reduce pain and discomfort particularly with insect bites, burns, and poison ivy.

    Ex. Solarcaine and Xylocaine
  4. antihistamine agents
    prevent histamine activity; used to relieve itching, allergic responses and contact dermatitis

    Ex. Benadryl (diphenhydramine)
  5. antipruritic agents
    agents that prevent or relive itching

    • Ex. topical - tripelennamine; HCl
    • Oral - Benadryl (diphenhydramine HCl) and hydroxyzine HCl
  6. antibiotic agents
    stop the bacterial growth; used to prevent infections associated with minor skin abrasions as well as superficial skin infections and acne. 

    Ex. Neosporin, Polysporin, and Mycitracin
  7. antifungal agents
    inhibit growth of fungi and yeast; used to treat yeast infections on skin, nails and scalp

    Ex. Equate antifungal cream (clotrimazole) and Lamisil (terbinafine)
  8. antiviral agents
    combat specific viral diseases

    Ex. Zovirax (acyclovir) for herpes simplex virus 1 and 2, varicella zoster, Epstein-Barr (Mono), and cytomegalovirus
  9. anti-inflammatory agents
    used to relieve swelling, tenderness, redness, and inflammatory pain; Topical is used to treat dermatitis and psoriasis

    Ex. Carmol HC (hydrocortisone acetate; urea) and Temovate (clobetasol propionate)

    Oral corticosteroids are used to treat contact dermatitis such as poison ivy when severe

    Ex. prednisone 12-day unipak
  10. antiseptic agents
    prevent or inhibit pathogen growth on living tissue.

    Ex. isopropyl alcohol and Zephiran (benzalkonium chloride)
  11. tine, Heaf or Mantoux test
    MT - preferred tuberculosis skin test used to identify Tubercle bacilli

  12. scratch (epicutaneous) or prick test
    prick or drop of suspected allergen placed on skin; Positive result = redness, swelling or scratch on site within 10 min
  13. sweat test (chloride)
    performed on sweat to determine chloride concentration on skin; Positive = cyctic fibrosis (CF) a disease that affects the pancreas, resp, and sweat glands
  14. Tzanck test
    examination of scraped tissue such as a surgically scraped pustule. Specimen is placed on slide, stained and identified
  15. wound culture
    performed on wound exudate (mass of cells and fluid that has seeped out of blood vessels or organ especially inflammation); used to identify microorganisms; an effective antibiotic can also be used to identify microbes
  16. biopxy (Bx)
    obtained piece of living tissue; used to establish between benign or malignant condition
  17. erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, sed rate)
    blood test used to determine the rate at which red blood cells settle in a long narrow tube. Distance the RBCs settle in an hour is the rate. Higher or lower rate indicates certain disease conditions.
  18. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  19. decub
  20. Dx
  21. ID
  22. PPD
    purified protein derivative
  23. SCC
    squamous cell carcinoma
  24. SG
    skin graft
  25. TBSA
    total body surface area
  26. TIMs
    topical immunomoculators
  27. TIS
    tumor in situ
Card Set
MT chp 5 drug types
drug types