Whiskey

  1. T or F? In the US, whiskey must be distilled at less than 95% abv
    True
  2. T or F? Bourbon whiskey must be produced from a mash of at least 51% corn
    True
  3. T or F? All European rye whiskey may be released after a minimum of 2 years of oak aging
    False
  4. T or F? Straight bourbon whiskey must be aged for a minimum of 4 years in oak
    False
  5. T or F? Both EU and American whiskey must be bottled at a minimum of 40% abv
    True
  6. T or F? American corn whiskey does not have to be stored in oak, but if it is, the barrels must be used or uncharred wood
    True
  7. T or F? All American wheat whiskeys must be aged for a minimum of 2 years in oak
    False
  8. T or F? EU whiskey must be distilled to less than 94.8% abv
    True
  9. T or F? American rye whiskey must be made from a mash containing a minimum of 80% malted or unmalted rye
    False
  10. T or F? American corn whiskey must be made from a mash containing a minimum of 80% corn
    True
  11. T or F? There is no requirement for American wheat whiskey to be stored in oak containers
    False
  12. T or F? The minimum aging for both Irish whiskey and Scoth whisky is 3 years in oak
    True
  13. European term for the vessel used for mixing ground malt with hot water
    Mash tun
  14. The stage where germination of the grain is stopped
    Kilning
  15. The sugary liquid that is drained away from the ground grain
    Wort
  16. In Scotland, this process may occur in a washback
    Fermentation
  17. In this stage of production, enzymes complete the startch conversion process
    Mashing
  18. Type of sugar that is produced when grain is soaked in water
    Maltose: a disaccharide formed from 2 units of glucose
  19. If used to produce whiskey, water that contains high levels of this mineral can give the spirit a black hue
    Iron
  20. The list of ingredients that will be fermented for a particular type of whiskey
    Grain/Mash bill
  21. Mineral found in soft water
    Sodium (Na)
  22. Stage of whiskey production during which grain is soaked in water
    Malting
  23. Term used for roasted, ground grain
    Grist
  24. Term used for the fermented liquid that is ready to be distilled
    Wash
  25. Term used for malted barley or grain
    Green malt
  26. In the US, this vessel may be used for mixing ground malt with hot water
    Mash cooker
  27. The stage where peat may be used
    Kilning
  28. Name the 15 stages of whiskey production (some optional) in chronological order
    • 1. Grain bill
    • 2. Malting
    • 3. Green malt
    • 4. Kilning
    • 5. Milling
    • 6. Mashing
    • 7. Washing
    • 8. Fermentation
    • 9. Distillation in a wash still
    • 10. Low wines
    • 11. Distillation in a spirit still
    • 12. New-make spirit
    • 13. Maturation
    • 14. Blending
    • 15. Bottling
  29. T or F? Contact with the red layer of an oak barrel darkens the color of a spirit
    True
  30. T or F? During the process of oak aging, oxidation will cause the color of the spirit to lighten
    False
  31. T or F? The greater the diurnal temperature swing, the great the effect of maturation
    True
  32. T or F? Whiskey-aging warehouses in northern Europe tend to gbe one-story stone buildings
    True
  33. T or F? In general, Tennessee whiskey requires a longer aging period than Scotch whisky in order to achieve the same results
    False
  34. T or F? Rackhouses are typically several stories high, with wide termperature fluctuations between the top and bottom floors
    True
  35. T or F? American distillers are more likely to use new oak barrels for whiskey maturation thann are European distillers
    True
  36. T or F? Single-barrel bottlings are by far the largest category of whisky, according to global sales (by volume)
    False
  37. T or F? No water is added during the bottling process to a whisky that is labeled with the term cask-strength
    True
  38. T or F? Almost all whiskey is a blend of sorts, crafted from multiple barrels of a single product
    True
  39. T or F? Both water and alcohol will evaporate through the pores of a barrel
    True
  40. T or F? Most whisky distilleries in northern Europe use new oak barrels to age their whiskies
    False
  41. T or F? Multi-story rackhouses are commonly used to age whiskey throughout Ireland and Scotland
    False
  42. T or F? Some experts estimate that it takes over 3 years of aging whisky in Scotland to achieve the same results that are achieved in Kentucky in a single year
    True
  43. Name the 5 categories of Scotch Whisky
    • Single Malt
    • Single Grain
    • Blended Malt
    • Blended Grain
    • Blended Scotch
    • Image Upload 1
  44. Describe the scotch from each whisky-producting region in Scotland and provide some example brands
    • Scotch description: red
    • Distillery count: blue
    • Brand examples: green

    Image Upload 2
  45. T or F? As the outside temperature lowers and cools the spirit, the spirit expands and is forced into the barrel staves
    False
  46. A whisky produced from the single malt Scotch whiskies of 2 more more distilleries
    Blended malt
  47. At least a portion must be used in all types of Scotch
    Malted Barley
  48. A blend of one or more single grain Scotch whiskies with one or more single malt Scotch whiskies
    Blended Scotch
  49. Must be produced at a single distillery from 100% malted barley and no other grains
    Single Malt
  50. Region that includes the islands of Mull, Jura, Skye
    The Highlands
  51. Declared a separate whisky-producing region as of 2009
    Speyside
  52. A Scotch whisky distilled at a single distillery from malted barley and other grains
    SIngle grain Scotch
  53. An ingredient that may be used in single grain Scotch but not in single malt Scotch
    Wheat
  54. A whisky produced from the single grain Scotch whiskies of 2 or more distilleries
    Blended grain Scotch
  55. Accounts for over 90% of the Scotch whisky consumed worldwide
    Blended Scotch
  56. Considered to be the premium product among the 5 categories of Scotch whisky
    Single Malt
  57. Region known for producing whiskies with a medium to strong peat character
    Islay
  58. Region traditionally known for a lighter style of whisky produced via triple distillation
    The Lowlands
  59. Region that has the largest number of operating distilleries in Scotland
    Speyside
  60. Region located on Scotland's Kintrye Peninsula
    Campbeltown
  61. Identify the whisky-producing areas of Scotland
    Image Upload 3
    • 1. Isle of Skye
    • 2. Northern Highlands
    • 3. Orkney Islands
    • 4. Inverness
    • 5. Speyside
    • 6. Eastern Highlands
    • 7. Aberdeen
    • 8. Central Highlands
    • 9. Perth
    • 10. Edinburgh
    • 11. Glasgow
    • 12. Lowlands
    • 13. Isle of Arran
    • 14. Campbeltown
    • 15. Islay
    • 16. Isle of Jura
    • 17. Western Highlands
    • 18. Isle of Mull
  62. Must be distilled using pot stills



    • B. Irish Malt Whiskey
    • and Irish Pot Still Whiskey
    • and Blended Irish WHiskey (partially)
  63. Must be bottled in Ireland or shipped off the island in inert bulk containers
    a. Irish Malt Whiskey
    b. Irish Grain Whiskey
    c. Irish Pot Still Whiskey
    d. Blended Irish Whiskey
    ALL OF THE ABOVE
  64. May be produced using double or triple distillation



    • C. Irish Malt Whiskey
    • and Irish Pot Still Whiskey
    • and Blended Irish Whiskey (potentially)
  65. Must be made using 100% malted barley



    B. Irish Malt Whiskey
  66. Must be produced using a maximum of 30% malted barley



    D. Irish Grain Whiskey
  67. Must be produced using a minimum of 30% of both malted and unmalted barley



    D. Irish Pot Still Whiskey
  68. Often contains up to 5% oats or rye



    C. Irish Pot Still Whiskey
  69. Not allowed to be exported in any type of wooden container
    a. Irish Malt Whiskey
    b. Irish Grain Whiskey
    c. Irish Pot Still Whiskey
    d. Blended Irish Whiskey
    ALL OF THE ABOVE
  70. Produced using 2 or more different whiskey types



    B. Blended Irish Whiskey
  71. Must be stored in wooden casks not to exceed 700 liters in capacity for at least 3 years
    a. Irish Malt Whiskey
    b. Irish Grain Whiskey
    c. Irish Pot Still Whiskey
    d. Blended Irish Whiskey
    ALL OF THE ABOVE
  72. Not produced using a mixture of malted and unmalted grains



    A. Irish Malt Whiskey
  73. T or F? Scotch whisky and Irish whiskey are both required to be distilled at no more than 94.8% abv
    True
  74. T or F? A whiskey known as Redbreast is produced at the New Midleton DIstillery
    True
  75. T or F? As of October 2015, a new set of technical standards was implemented for the production of Scotch whisky
    False
  76. T or F? Irish distilleries may use new or used oak barrels for the matureation of whiskey
    True
  77. T or F? Blended Irish whiskey often has a "leathery" flavor due to the use of unmalted grains
    True
  78. T or F? Irish malt whiskey is required to be aged for a minimum of 8 years in oak
    False
  79. T or F? Scotch whisky and Irish whiskey are both required to be aged in oak casks for a minimum of 3 years
    True
  80. T or F? There are currently more than one hundred whiskey distilleries operating in Ireland
    False
  81. T or F? If solids from the milling and mashing stages remain in the wort during fermentation, a more malty-flavored spirit will result
    True
  82. T or F? The aroma known as peat reek is more likely to be found in Scotch whiskies than in Irish whiskeys
    True
  83. T or F? Most Scotch grain whisky is very full-flavored and likely to be distilled in a copper pot still
    False
  84. T or F? All Irish whiskey is triple-distilled
    False
  85. T or F? Glen Scotia distillery is located in Scotland's Campbeltown region
    True
  86. T or F? In general, Irish whiskey is considered to be smoother and less "smoky" than Scotch
    True
  87. T or F? Caramel coloring is not allowed to be used as an additive in single grain Scotch whisky
    False
  88. Bourbon is required to be made from at least 51% X, but many high-quality bourbons contain as much as Y%.
    • X: Corn
    • Y: 70%
  89. Bourbon must be distilled at an alcohol level not to exceed X proof
    160° / 80% abv
  90. DUring the distillation of bourbon, some residue from the first distillation run, known as X, may be placed back in the fermenter for use in the next batch. This process is known as Y.
    • X: Backset
    • Y: Sour Mashing
  91. Typically, the first distillation of bourbon is done in pot stills or single column stills known as X. The second distillation takes place in a Y or a thumper.
    • X: beer stills
    • Y: doubler
  92. A thumper uses heated water to capture and drain off the X of the distillation run
    tails
  93. Bourbon must be stored at not more than X proof in Y new oak containers
    • X: 125° / 62.5% abv
    • Y: charred
  94. In the year X, the US Congress passed a resolution declaring that bourbon is a Y product of the US
    • X: 1964
    • Y: distinctive
  95. Most bourbon is blended before bottling, but sometimes the best barrels, known as X, may be bottled as single-barrel bourbon
    honey barrels
  96. Bourbon that is labeled as X may contain coloring, flavoring, or other spirits, but it must be at least Y straight bourbon
    • X: blended
    • Y: 51%
  97. While bourbon may be produced anywhere in the US, 95% of all bourbon is produced where?
    Kentucky
  98. Bourbon that has been aged for at least 2 ears in charred new oak containers may be labeled as what?
    Straight Bourbon
  99. Tennessee whiskey must undergo this charcoal-filtering process
    Lincoln County Process
  100. Tennessee distillery that was granted an exception to the charcoal-filtering rule
    Benjamen Prichard's
  101. Brand of American rye whiskey founded in 1810
    Old Overholt
  102. Aging requirement for American corn whiskey
    None, but if aged, it must use used or uncharred barrels
  103. Name the 6 types of American straight whiskeys
    • Bourbon
    • Corn
    • Wheat
    • Rye
    • Malted Rye
    • Malted Barley
  104. Minimum aging requirement for American straight whiskeys that have an age statement on the labeled
    2 years in new, charred barrels
  105. Minimum aging requirement for American straight whiskeys that do not have an age statement on the labels
    4 years in new, charred barrels
  106. Required bottling proof for American bottled-in-bond whiskey
    100° / 50% abv
  107. A mixture of neutral spirits mixed with no less than 5% whiskey
    Spirit whiskey
  108. Another term for Jacob's Ghost or other types of white whiskey
    new make, unaged whiskey, white dog
  109. Obscure whiskey product that must be distilled to higher than 160 proof but lower than 190 proof
    light whiskey
  110. T or F? Canadian whisky is required to be aged for a minimum of 2 years in small wooden containers
    False: minimum of 3 years in small wooden containers
  111. T or F? Canadian grain whisky is sometimes referred to as base whisky
    True
  112. T or F? Specific styles of Canadian whisky, such as those produced using a large amount of rye or those stored in charred oak barrels, are often referred to as flavoring whiskies
    True
  113. T or F? Glenora Distillery is located in Ontario
    False: North America's first single malt distillery is in Nova Scotia
  114. T or F? Canadian blended whisky may contain up to 9.09% additives, which may include wine, sweetener, brandy, and/or caramel coloring
    True
  115. T or F? All of the products in Canadian blended whisky -- including base whisky, flavoring whisky, and other additives, must be of Canadian origin
    False
  116. T or F? Stalk and Barrel single malt whisky is produced in British Columbia
    False: it is produced by the Still Waters DIstillery in Ontario in a copper pot still from 100% Canadian two-row malted barley
  117. T or F? In terms of volume, the largest production of Canadian whisky is single malt whisky
    False: It is grain whisky, sometimes referred to as base whisky. It is usually column distilled at 185-189 proof and aged for at least 3 years in used barrels.
  118. T or F? Most Canadian blended whiskies are produced using grain whisky and flavoring whisky
    True: though neither type of whisky is usually labeled or sold as such
  119. T or F? A good deal of Canadian base whiskyn is made using wheat or corn as the main ingredient
    True
  120. T or F? Canadian whisky labeled with the term rye whisky must be produced using a minimum of 51% rye
    False: it need not have any rye in at all
  121. T or F? Canadian grain whisky is not typically bottled and labeled as such, but rather is used to produce Canadian blended whisky
    True
  122. T or F? Canadian single malt whisky is required to be aged in small wooden containers for a mionimum of 4 years
    False: The terms single malt and extra rare are not defined per Canadian law
  123. T or F? Canadian blended whisky is permitted to contain small amounts of sherry
    True
  124. T or F? During American Prohibition, large amounts of Canadian shisky were smuggled into the US
    True
  125. A distillery operated by Nikka WHisky and located on the island of Hokkaido
    Yoichi Distillery
  126. The first producer of a true grain-based whisky in India
    Amrut
  127. A distillery in the Czech Republic
    Pradlo
  128. Producer of Sullivans Cove Single Cask Malt Whisky
    Tasmania Distillery
  129. Producer of New Zealand's Hokonui Moonshine
    Southern Distillery: located in South Canterbury District, it is the world's most southerly distillery
  130. The first commercial whisky distillery in Japan
    Suntory Distillery
  131. Original location of Japan's first whisky distillery
    Yamazaki
  132. A popular style of molasses-based "whisky" produced in India
    Officer's Choice
  133. A 100% grain -based whisky produced in India by John Distilleries
    Brilliance
  134. Distillery operated by Nilkka Whisky and located in the city of Sendai
    Miyagikyo
  135. An Indian spirit distilled from cashew fruit
    Feni
  136. Scotland distillery where Masataka Taketsuru trained
    Hazelburn Distillery
  137. Producer of Hammer Head whisky
    Pradlo
  138. Large producer of Spanish whisky
    Whisky DYC
  139. Name the country of origin for Ardbeg
    a. Scotland
  140. Name the country of origin for Ballantine's



    D. Scotland
  141. Name the country of origin for Benjamin Prichard's



    B. United States
  142. Name the country of origin for Buffalo Trace



    C. United States
  143. Name the country of origin for Chivas Regal



    D. Scotland
  144. Name the country of origin for Cooley



    B. Ireland
  145. Name the country of origin for Connemara



    C. Ireland
  146. Name the country of origin for Crown Royal



    C. Canada
  147. Name the country of origin for Cutty Sark



    C. Scotland
  148. Name the country of origin for Dalmore



    C. Scotland
  149. Name the country of origin for Dalwhinnie



    D. Scotland
  150. Name the country of origin for Dewar's



    D. Scotland
  151. Name the country of origin for Famous Grouse



    D. Scotland
  152. Name the country of origin for Four Roses



    B. United States
  153. Name the country of origin for Glenlivet



    D. Scotland
  154. Name the country of origin for Glenora



    D. Canada
  155. Name the country of origin for George Dickel



    D. United States
  156. Name the country of origin for Green Spot



    A. Ireland
  157. Name the country of origin for J&B (Justerini & Brooks)



    B. Scotland
  158. Name the country of origin for Jack Daniel's



    C. United States
  159. Name the country of origin for Jameson



    D. Ireland
  160. Name the country of origin for Jim Beam



    B. United States
  161. Name the country of origin for Johnnie Walker



    A. Scotland
  162. Name the country of origin for Kilbeggan



    C. Ireland
  163. Name the country of origin for Macallan



    A. Scotland
  164. Name the country of origin for Maker's Mark



    C. United States
  165. Name the country of origin for Midleton



    A. Ireland
  166. Name the country of origin for Old Bushmills



    C. Ireland
  167. Name the country of origin for Old Forester



    C. United States
  168. Name the country of origin for Old Overholt



    B. United States
  169. Name the country of origin for Redbreast



    C. Ireland
  170. Name the country of origin for Talisker



    D. Scotland
  171. Name the country of origin for Teeling



    D. Ireland
  172. Name the country of origin for Tullamore D.E.W.



    • C. Ireland
    • note: D.E.W. stands for Desmond E. Williams
  173. Name the country of origin for West Cork
    a. Scotlandb. Irelandc. United Statesd. Canada
    b. Ireland
  174. Name the country of origin for Wild Turkey



    A. United States
  175. Name the country of origin for William Peel



    C. Scotland
  176. Name the country of origin for Woodford Reserve



    D. United States
  177. Name the 5 companies owning the top 10 Scotch brands in 2019
    Company: brand(million cases sold in 2019), ...

    • Diageo (51%): Johnnie Walker(18.4), J&B(3.0), Black & White(2.8), Bell's(1.9)
    • Pernod Ricard (24%): Ballantine's(7.7), Chivas Regal (4.4)
    • Bacardi (12%): William Lawson's(3.3), Dewar's(3.0)
    • William Grant & Sons (8%): Grant's(4.2)
    • La Martiniquaise-Bardinet (5%): Label 5(2.7)
  178. American rye whiskey must be distilled at an abv not to exceed what?



    C. 160° / 80% abv
  179. EU shiskey must be stored for no less than 3 years in wooden casks with a maximum volume of:



    D. 700 liters / 185 gal
  180. Of the following grains, which is considered to be the best source for the enzymes that will help to convert the grain's starch to a fermentable form of sugar?



    A. Barley
  181. Which of the following is a well-known brand of Scotch whisky?



    A. Johnnie Walker

    note: Connemara is Irish, Evan Williams is a bourbon, and Jack Daniel's is a Tennessee whiskey; Johnnie Walker is the world's best-selling Scotch whisky
  182. During which of the following whiskey-producing procedures is the wort separated from the grain?



    B. Washing
  183. Which of the following products comes off the spirit still?



    D. High wines
  184. Which of the following is one of the five categories of Scotch whisky, as defined by the Scotch Whisky Regulations?



    B. Single grain
  185. Which of the following processes of Scotch production is most likely to involve the use of peat?



    C. Kilning
  186. Which of the following brands of Scotch is produce in the Highlands region?



    B. Dalmore
  187. Which of the following brands of Scotch is produced in Islay?



    B. Laphroaig
  188. Irish whiskey must be distilled to an abv of less than what?



    D. 189.6° / 94.8% abv
  189. Irish pot still whiskey must contain what minimum amount of malted barley?



    C. 30%
  190. Which American statesman created the Bottled-in-Bond Act of 1897?



    D. E. H. Taylor
  191. Which of the following products is most likely to have undergone the Lincoln County Process?



    C. Jack Daniel's
  192. Which of the following products may contain up to 9.09% additives, including whine, sherry, and caramel coloring?



    A. Canadian blended whisky
  193. What is Green Spot?



    C. Irish pot still whiskey
  194. Which of the following areas is located farthest south?



    • B. The Isle of Mull
    • Image Upload 4
  195. Where is Sullivans Cover Single Cask Malt Whisky produced?



    C. Australia
  196. Which of the following is a 100% grain-based whisky produced in India?



    A. Amrut
  197. Which of the following products does not need to be stored in wood barrels?



    C. American corn whiskey
Author
mikedutch
ID
354027
Card Set
Whiskey
Description
2020 Certified Specialist of Spirits Workbook
Updated