Interview Study Questions (Syncglobal)

  1. What is BIOS?
    BIOS is abbreviated as a basic input output system and present in all computers. The main purpose of the BIOS is that it ensures that all the components of the computer function together. All details regarding the hardware components in the system are contained in the BIOS. Special software is another name offered to BIOS as it interfaces the main hardware components of the system with the operating system. The flash memory chip on the motherboard is where it is stored.
  2. What are the hardware components of a desktop computer/laptop?
    This is a basic technical interview question to test the basic knowledge of computers. The answer would be that the hardware components for desktop and laptop computers are the motherboard, processor, RAM, monitor, mouse, soundcard, keyboard, graphics, hard disk drive, power supply, and floppy disk drive.
  3. Mention the difference between RAM and ROM?
    RAM is a random access memory that use to store data temporarily. It is the data which the computer working presently. ROM called read-only memory which is a permanent type of memory storage for storage of important data. An example can the BIOS.
  4. What would you do when audio is not working on the computer?
    The answer to this technical question is to check the basic cable connections. The connections that lead from speakers to power must be checked. Finally, the device drivers can check out and also the volume control must check.
  5. What is HTTP and what port does it use?
    HTTP is HyperText Transfer Protocol and it is responsible for web content. Many web pages are using HTTP to transmit the web content and allow the display and navigation of HyperText. It is the primary protocol and port used here is TCP port 80.
  6. What is HTTPs and what port does it use?
    HTTPs is a Secure HTTP. HTTPs is used for secure communication over a computer network. HTTPs provides authentication of websites that prevents unwanted attacks.

    In bi-directional communication, the HTTPs protocol encrypts the communication so that the tampering of the data gets avoided. With the help of an SSL certificate, it verifies if the requested server connection is a valid connection or not. HTTPs use TCP with port 443.
  7. What are Ipconfig and Ifconfig?
    Ipconfig stands for Internet Protocol Configuration and this command is used on Microsoft Windows to view and configure the network interface.

    The command Ipconfig is useful for displaying all TCP/IP network summary information currently available on a network.  It also helps to modify the DHCP protocol and DNS setting.

    Ifconfig (Interface Configuration) is a command that is used on Linux, Mac, and UNIX operating systems. It is used to configure, control the TCP/IP network interface parameters from CLI i.e. Command Line Interface. It allows you to see the IP addresses of these network interfaces.
  8. What are ESD Belts and what are they used for?
    Antistatic wrist straps or ESD wrist straps are worn by people working in static sensitive devices and assemblies to prevent them building up charge on themselves which could be transferred to the static sensitive item.
  9. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) E-mail Routing uses what port?
  10. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) uses what port?
  11. What is the standard color sequence of a straight-through cable?
    Orange/white, orange, green/white, blue, blue/white, green, brown/white, brown
  12. Which cable is also called as the RG8 cable?
    Thicknet cable is also called as the RG8 cable
  13. Which cable uses the RJ11 connector?
    Most of the telephone cable uses the RJ11 connector
  14. How you keep yourself updated with the current technology?
    I keep myself connected with social networking sites, the first platform for any technological advancement news and also keep surfing on the latest technology on Internet.
  15. What are RJ45 and RJ11 connectors?
    RJ45 connectors are used for LAN/Internet connections while RJ11 connectors are used for Table cable connectors
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Interview Study Questions (Syncglobal)
Interview study material for interview with Syncglobal