Chapter 6

  1. Combining Forms:

    Agglutin/o
    clumping
  2. Combining Forms:

    aggreg/o
    crowding together
  3. Combining Forms:

    All/o
    other, strange different from self
  4. Combining Forms:

    Anis/o
    unequal in size
  5. Combining Forms:

    Aut/o
    Self
  6. Combining Forms:

    Chrom/o
    color
  7. Combining Forms:

    Coagul/o
    clotting
  8. Combining Forms:

    Fus/o
    pouring/infusion
  9. Combining Forms:

    Hemat/o
    hem/o
    blood
  10. Combining Forms:

    Ly/o
    lys/o
    dissolve or breakdown
  11. Combining Forms:

    Morph/o
    shape
  12. Combining Forms:

    Myel/o
    bone marrow also means spinal cord
  13. Combining Forms:

    Plast/o
    growth or formation
  14. Combining Forms:

    Poikil/o
    irregular
  15. Combining Forms:

    Septic/o
    infection
  16. Combining Forms:

    suppres/o
    hold down, press down
  17. Combining Forms: 

    thromb/o
    clot
  18. Suffixes:

    -emia
    blood condition
  19. Suffixes:

    -poiesis
    process or formation of forming
  20. Suffixes:

    -poietin
    substances that cause formation-hormones
  21. Suffixes:

    -phil
    attraction or fondess
  22. Suffixes:

    -phile
    a person who is found or attracted to something
  23. Suffixes:

    -penia
    condition of deficiency
  24. BMT
    bone marrow transplant
  25. CBC
    complete blood count
  26. CBC w/diff
    complete blood count with differential
  27. CLL
    chronic lymphatic leukemia
  28. CML
    chronic myelogenous leukemia
  29. DVT
    deep vein thromobosis
  30. HCT
    hematocrit
  31. Hgb
    hemoglobin
  32. H&H
    hematocrit and hemoglobin
  33. PRBCs
    packed red blood cells
  34. WBC
    white blood cells
  35. Plasma contains
    the formed elements of the blood (erthrocytes-RBC, leukocytes-WBC, thrombocytes-platelets)
  36. Hematopoiesis
    The process which all of the formed elements in the plasma are produced. Hematopoiesis occurs in the red marrow of long bones or flat bones (such as the sternum, ribs, hip bones, bones of the spinal column, and bones of the legs)
  37. Pluripotent Hematopoietic stem cells
    have the property of self-renewal and,, through cell division and differentiation, form populations of progenitor cells which are committed to the main marrow cell lines: erythroid, granulocytic and monocytic, megakaryocytic, and lymphocytic
  38. lymphoid cells
    lymphocytes=T cells, B cells and NK cells
  39. Myeloid cells
    all other blood cells
  40. The make up and life of erythrocytes
    Red blood cells (RBCs), ~120 day lifespan, hemoglobin, oxyhemoglobin, hemolysis undertaken by liver and spleen
  41. Leukocytes
    • White blood cells (WBCs), immune function, 5 types in two groups
    • 1. granulocytes: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
    • 2. Agranulocytes: lymphocytes, monocytes
  42. Thrombocytes
    platelets necessary for clotting
  43. Clotting process
    • 1. Aggregation
    • 2. Clotting factor released, fibrin is formed, coagulation occurs
    • 3. Hemostasis
  44. ABO Blood Group
    References the antigen found on the RBCs
  45. Rh Blood Group
    References a group of 47 antigens, positive or negative
  46. Ecchymosis
    bruise
  47. Hematoma
    tumor collection of blood
  48. Hemorrhage
    significant bleeding
  49. Pancytopenia
    not enough of all the blood cells
  50. Dsycrasia
    any disease which involves blood cells
  51. Septicemia
    Blood infection
  52. Erythrocyte Disorders:

    Anemia
    deficiency in hemoglobin in RBCs
  53. Erythrocyte Disorders:

    aplastic anemia
    body doesn't have ability to produce erythrocytes
  54. Erythrocyte Disorders:

    sickle cell anemia
    abnormal hemoglobin in RBCs
  55. Erythrocyte Disorders:

    polycythemia vera
    blood condition involving too many blood cells
  56. Erythrocyte Disorders:

    Thalassemia
    hemoglobin misshapen breakdown of RBC too early
  57. Leukocyte Disorders:

    Leukemia
    Abnormal production of WBC, acute (comes on rapidly) or chronic
  58. Leukocyte Disorders:

    Leukocytopenia, leukopenia
    not enough of WBC
  59. Leukocyte Disorders:

    Neutropenia
    deficiency in neutrophils
  60. Platelet Disorders:

    Coagulopathy
    disease that affects clot formation
  61. Platelet Disorders:

    Thrombocytopenia
    not enough thrombocytes
  62. Platelet Disorders:

    Thrombus, thrombosis
    clot, condition of clot
  63. Platelet Disorders:

    Embolus, embolism
    abnormal clot dislodged travels
  64. ___is the process of blood cell formation while ________is the hormone which stimulates productio
    Hematopoiesis; hematopoietin
  65. The term anisocytosis is a condition in which RBCs cells are____________ in size.
    unequal
  66. A leukoblast is a(n) __________.
    immature WBC
  67. This term literally means ‘cell eating’:
    phagocytosis
  68. The cessation of bleeding is known as:
    Hemostasis
  69. Bacterial infection that has spread to the blood is known as:
    Septicemia
  70. Hemolysis is the process of:
    Breaking down blood cells
  71. This word indicates decreased platelet counts:
    thrombocytopenia
  72. Severe reduction of all blood cell lines is known as:
    pancytopenia
  73. This is the general term for abnormal bone marrow function.
    myelodysplasia
  74. ___is the term for abnormal blood clot: a/an___is a blood clot dislodged and travelled from its orig
    Thrombus; embolus
  75. Which class of drugs is used to prevent blood clots?
    Anticoagulants
  76. Which class of drugs is used to break down existing blood clots?
    Thrombolytics
  77. People with leukemia often have very little immune function. Why?
    Most of the WBCs in their blood are too young to be effective
  78. The doctor orders a CBC. What does the acronym mean?
    Complete Blood Count
  79. This term literally means “attraction to blood.”
    hemophilia
Author
Stephevette
ID
353710
Card Set
Chapter 6
Description
Hematology and Immunology
Updated