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  1. Mild quinquina, produced in Podensac (Bordeaux) since 1887
  2. Approved flavorings for EU anise-flavored spirits
    • Star anise
    • Green anise
    • Licorice root
    • Fennel
    • (+ other similar plants)
  3. Modern style of genever; contains no more than 15% malt spirit
    Jonge ("young")
  4. Baijiu often called "five grain drink"
    Wuliangye: sorghum, corn, wheat, rice, glutinous rice
  5. Controversial chemical compound found in absinthe
  6. Country of origin: Flor de Caña (rum)
  7. Five leading grapes used to produce Chilean Pisco
    • Pedro Jiménez
    • Moscatel (Muscat of Alexandria)
    • Moscatel Rosado (Pink Muscat)
    • Moscatel de Austria (Torrontés Sanjuanino)
    • Moscatel Amarillo (Torontel)
  8. Producer of Sullivans Cove Single Cask Malt Whisky
    Tasmania Distillery
  9. EU definition of London Dry Gin
    Distilled gin with less than 0.1 g/L sugar
  10. Aging requirements for Rhum Agricole Martinique Vieux
    Min 3 years in oak barrels under 650 London
  11. Min solera aging time for Brandy de Jerez Solera Gran Reserva
    3 years
  12. Traditional steam ovens used to cook agave at a low temperature
  13. Teennessee distillery exempt from charcoal filtration requirement
    Benjamin Prichard's Distillery
  14. Component of oak that is soluable in alcohol and is responsible for the "red layer"
  15. Producer of Vermut Negre
    Casa Mariol
  16. Traditional morello cherry liqueur of Portugal
    Ginjinha is made by infusing ginja berries (local name for sour Morello cherries) in brandy
  17. Stone wheel (drawn by horses) traditionally used to crush cooked agave
  18. Boiling point of water and ethanol
    • Water: 100°C (212°F)
    • Ethanol: 78°C (173°F)
  19. Cogener in vodka that may give a "fruity or floral" character
    Ethyl laurate
  20. Unsweetened anise-flavored spirit produced in Turkey
    Raki (pronounced rucka): sultana grapes are distilled in a column still into suma and then redistilled with aniseed in an alembic still
  21. Dates of England's "Gin Craze"
  22. First stage of Cognac distillation
    Première Chauffe
  23. Five basic steps of whiskey production
    • Mash/wort preparation
    • Fermentation
    • Distillation
    • Maturation
    • Blending/bottling
  24. Which U.S. Senator created the Bottled-in-Bond Act of 1897?
    E.H. Taylor
  25. Name the 3 AOCs for Calvados
    • Calvados: 50% bittersweet, 20% sweet, 20% bitter, and 10% acidic/sour apples; 70% of total production; most use single column still; min 2 years aging in oak
    • Calvados Pays d'Auge: highest quality; limited area; max 30% pears; min 2 years in oak but some aged up to 40 years; double distillation in alembic pot still
    • Calvados Domfrontais: min 30% pear cider (often 70-80%) in addition to apple cider aged for min 3 years
  26. What does Calvados Fermier (Produit Fermier) mean?
    Label term indicates a farmer-produced spirit using traditional agricultural methods
  27. What type of barrel is Calvados aged in?
    Foudres (950 to 9500 L) are used for many decades
  28. What does the term applejack derive from?
    Jacking: freeze distillation (aka congelation) means chipping ice off frozen cider
  29. Base ingredient of vodka from Sweden
    Winter Wheat
  30. Producer of Hammer Head Whisky
    Pradlo Distillery: Czech Republic
  31. Leading producer of Maraschino liqueur
    Luxardo (moved to Veneto after Zadar, Croatia was bombed in WWII); made from sour marasca cherries
  32. Name a popular golden liquer produced in Cartagena, Spain
    Licor 43
  33. What is limoncello made from?
    The zest of Sorrento lemons (aka Femminello Santa Teresa lemons)
  34. What is a fruit cup?
    A beverage made into a tall drink by adding ice, a sparkling mixer, and a fruit, vegetable or herb garnish; Pimm's No. 1 Cup is based on Gin. Other Pimm's cups were based on Scotch (2), Brandy/Winter (3), Rum (4), Rye whiskey (5), and Vodka (6).
  35. Name the leading region for the production of Chilean Pisco
    Elqui Valley: within the Coquimbo region
  36. Name the 2 types of tequila
    • 100% Agave Tequila
    • "Mixto" Tequila: min 51% blue agave, max 49% non-agave sugar (e.g., molasses, corn syrup, and/or cane sugar)
  37. Name the world's oldest documented rum brand
    Mount Gay: founded 1703 in Barbados
  38. What abv% is armagnac distilled to?
    About 60% though 52-72% abv is allowed
  39. Country of origin for Diplomático Rum
  40. Licorice-like aroma compound found in anise
  41. Clear, unaged akvavit (aquavit)
    Taffel Akvavit
  42. Name the dominant flavor of akvavit
    • US: caraway
    • EU: caraway or dill
  43. How long is akvavit aged?
    • No aging requirement
    • Norway produces "linje aquavit" after aging in oak 19 weeks at sea (Norway to Australia)
  44. Name 2 standards specific to Tennessee Whiskey
    • Lincoln County Process
    • Produced in Tennessee
  45. What is black currant liqueur called?
  46. Nonpotable compounds within the heads/foreshots
    Low boilers
  47. Minimum aging for Chilean Pisco
    min 60 days (aging in wood is allowed but not required)
  48. First producers to make 100% grain-based whisky in India
    Amrut Distilleries
  49. Basque product made from anise-flavored spirit and sloe berries
    Pacharán (Patxaran)
  50. Mash bill for US corn whiskey
    min 80% corn
  51. Brazil's national cocktail made with rum (cachaça), sugar, and lime
  52. Italian herbal liqueur originally produced in Benevento
    • Liquore Strega: anise, juniper, mint, saffron
    • Strega means "witch" in Italian referring to the city of Benevento as a gathering place for witches
  53. Minimum solera aging time for Brandy de Jerez Solera Reserva
    1 year
  54. Name the center of Italian vermouth
    Torino: sweet red style emphasizing floral and spices over herbal
  55. Name 2 vermouths produced by Carpano
    • Antica Formula: high-end red vermouth (vermouth alla viniglia)
    • Punt e Mes: vermouth and bitters (vermouth chinato or vermouth amari))
    • Note: Antonia Carpano invented vermouth; brand now owned by Milanese firm Branca
  56. Name some Torino-style vermouth producers
    • Carpano: Antica Formula, Punt e Mes
    • Giulio Cocchi: Cocchi Storico Vermouth di Torino
    • Martini & Rossi
    • Cinzano
    • Contratto
    • Gancia Rosso
    • Casa Martelletti
    • Boissiere: originally in Chambéry (capital of Savoy)
  57. Hybrid grape that accounts for about 30% of plantings in Armagnac
    Baco Blanc (aka Baco 22a)
  58. Unique style of Irish Whiskey produced by Cooley Distillery
    Coonemara Peated Single Malt Irish Whiskey
  59. Grain bill and distillation requirements for Irish Grain Whiskey
    Max 30% malt, continuous distillation
  60. Highest abv% achievable commercially
    96.5% (higher levels require dehydration)
  61. Minimum solera aging time for Brandy de Jerez Solera
    6 months
  62. Name "mellowing agents" in tequila
    • Max 1% total volume:
    • Caramel coloring
    • Oak extract
    • Glycerin
    • Sugar syrup (up to 76 g/L)
  63. Leading grape (60% vineyards) in Armagnac
    Ugni Blanc (aka Saint Émilion)
  64. Aging requirements for Rhum Agricole Martinique Élevé Sous Bois
    Min 12 months in oak
  65. Country of origin for Rhum Barbancourt
  66. What is moromitori shōchū?
    • a single-distilled shōchū named for the 2-stage fermentation method that produces the low-alcohol mash, known as moromi
    • Note: fermentation is achieved using a mold called kōji (white, yellow, or black)
  67. Name the most common varieties of moromitori shōchū
    • Rice: komejōchū
    • Sweet Potato: imojōchū (smoky)
    • Barley: Mugijōchū (mellow)
    • Buckwheat (soba): sobajōchū (mild)
    • Sake lees (sake kasu): Kasutori
    • Blended: a single-distilled (pot still) shōchū (~25% abv) is blended with a multiple-distilled (column still) shōchū (~35% abv)
    • Note: shōchū means "burned liquor" in Japanese
  68. How long is shōchū aged?
    1 month or 3 years+
  69. What is the alternative name for the Bois Ordinaires area in Cognac?
    Bois à Terroirs
  70. What type of oak may be used in Armagnac?
    Monlezun black oak (high tannin) although Limousin is permitted
  71. What type of oak may be used in Cognac?
    Limousin oak (low in harsh tannins) is preferred but Alliers and Tronçais is permitted
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