Mild quinquina, produced in Podensac (Bordeaux) since 1887
Approved flavorings for EU anise-flavored spirits
- Star anise
- Green anise
- Licorice root
- (+ other similar plants)
Modern style of genever; contains no more than 15% malt spirit
Baijiu often called "five grain drink"
Wuliangye: sorghum, corn, wheat, rice, glutinous rice
Controversial chemical compound found in absinthe
Country of origin: Flor de Caña (rum)
Five leading grapes used to produce Chilean Pisco
- Pedro Jiménez
- Moscatel (Muscat of Alexandria)
- Moscatel Rosado (Pink Muscat)
- Moscatel de Austria (Torrontés Sanjuanino)
- Moscatel Amarillo (Torontel)
Producer of Sullivans Cove Single Cask Malt Whisky
EU definition of London Dry Gin
Distilled gin with less than 0.1 g/L sugar
Aging requirements for Rhum Agricole Martinique Vieux
Min 3 years in oak barrels under 650 London
Min solera aging time for Brandy de Jerez Solera Gran Reserva
Traditional steam ovens used to cook agave at a low temperature
Teennessee distillery exempt from charcoal filtration requirement
Benjamin Prichard's Distillery
Component of oak that is soluable in alcohol and is responsible for the "red layer"
Producer of Vermut Negre
Traditional morello cherry liqueur of Portugal
Ginjinha is made by infusing ginja berries (local name for sour Morello cherries) in brandy
Stone wheel (drawn by horses) traditionally used to crush cooked agave
Boiling point of water and ethanol
- Water: 100°C (212°F)
- Ethanol: 78°C (173°F)
Cogener in vodka that may give a "fruity or floral" character
Unsweetened anise-flavored spirit produced in Turkey
Raki (pronounced rucka): sultana grapes are distilled in a column still into suma and then redistilled with aniseed in an alembic still
Dates of England's "Gin Craze"
First stage of Cognac distillation
Five basic steps of whiskey production
- Mash/wort preparation
Which U.S. Senator created the Bottled-in-Bond Act of 1897?
Name the 3 AOCs for Calvados
- Calvados: 50% bittersweet, 20% sweet, 20% bitter, and 10% acidic/sour apples; 70% of total production; most use single column still; min 2 years aging in oak
- Calvados Pays d'Auge: highest quality; limited area; max 30% pears; min 2 years in oak but some aged up to 40 years; double distillation in alembic pot still
- Calvados Domfrontais: min 30% pear cider (often 70-80%) in addition to apple cider aged for min 3 years
What does Calvados Fermier (Produit Fermier) mean?
Label term indicates a farmer-produced spirit using traditional agricultural methods
What type of barrel is Calvados aged in?
Foudres (950 to 9500 L) are used for many decades
What does the term applejack derive from?
Jacking: freeze distillation (aka congelation) means chipping ice off frozen cider
Base ingredient of vodka from Sweden
Producer of Hammer Head Whisky
Pradlo Distillery: Czech Republic
Leading producer of Maraschino liqueur
Luxardo (moved to Veneto after Zadar, Croatia was bombed in WWII); made from sour marasca cherries
Name a popular golden liquer produced in Cartagena, Spain
What is limoncello made from?
The zest of Sorrento lemons (aka Femminello Santa Teresa lemons)
What is a fruit cup?
A beverage made into a tall drink by adding ice, a sparkling mixer, and a fruit, vegetable or herb garnish; Pimm's No. 1 Cup is based on Gin. Other Pimm's cups were based on Scotch (2), Brandy/Winter (3), Rum (4), Rye whiskey (5), and Vodka (6).
Name the leading region for the production of Chilean Pisco
Elqui Valley: within the Coquimbo region
Name the 2 types of tequila
- 100% Agave Tequila
- "Mixto" Tequila: min 51% blue agave, max 49% non-agave sugar (e.g., molasses, corn syrup, and/or cane sugar)
Name the world's oldest documented rum brand
Mount Gay: founded 1703 in Barbados
What abv% is armagnac distilled to?
About 60% though 52-72% abv is allowed
Country of origin for Diplomático Rum
Licorice-like aroma compound found in anise
Clear, unaged akvavit (aquavit)
Name the dominant flavor of akvavit
- US: caraway
- EU: caraway or dill
How long is akvavit aged?
- No aging requirement
- Norway produces "linje aquavit" after aging in oak 19 weeks at sea (Norway to Australia)
Name 2 standards specific to Tennessee Whiskey
- Lincoln County Process
- Produced in Tennessee
What is black currant liqueur called?
Nonpotable compounds within the heads/foreshots
Minimum aging for Chilean Pisco
min 60 days (aging in wood is allowed but not required)
First producers to make 100% grain-based whisky in India
Basque product made from anise-flavored spirit and sloe berries
Mash bill for US corn whiskey
min 80% corn
Brazil's national cocktail made with rum (cachaça), sugar, and lime
Italian herbal liqueur originally produced in Benevento
- Liquore Strega: anise, juniper, mint, saffron
- Strega means "witch" in Italian referring to the city of Benevento as a gathering place for witches
Minimum solera aging time for Brandy de Jerez Solera Reserva
Name the center of Italian vermouth
Torino: sweet red style emphasizing floral and spices over herbal
Name 2 vermouths produced by Carpano
- Antica Formula: high-end red vermouth (vermouth alla viniglia)
- Punt e Mes: vermouth and bitters (vermouth chinato or vermouth amari))
- Note: Antonia Carpano invented vermouth; brand now owned by Milanese firm Branca
Name some Torino-style vermouth producers
- Carpano: Antica Formula, Punt e Mes
- Giulio Cocchi: Cocchi Storico Vermouth di Torino
- Martini & Rossi
- Gancia Rosso
- Casa Martelletti
- Boissiere: originally in Chambéry (capital of Savoy)
Hybrid grape that accounts for about 30% of plantings in Armagnac
Baco Blanc (aka Baco 22a)
Unique style of Irish Whiskey produced by Cooley Distillery
Coonemara Peated Single Malt Irish Whiskey
Grain bill and distillation requirements for Irish Grain Whiskey
Max 30% malt, continuous distillation
Highest abv% achievable commercially
96.5% (higher levels require dehydration)
Minimum solera aging time for Brandy de Jerez Solera
Name "mellowing agents" in tequila
- Max 1% total volume:
- Caramel coloring
- Oak extract
- Sugar syrup (up to 76 g/L)
Leading grape (60% vineyards) in Armagnac
Ugni Blanc (aka Saint Émilion)
Aging requirements for Rhum Agricole Martinique Élevé Sous Bois
Min 12 months in oak
Country of origin for Rhum Barbancourt
What is moromitori shōchū?
- a single-distilled shōchū named for the 2-stage fermentation method that produces the low-alcohol mash, known as moromi
- Note: fermentation is achieved using a mold called kōji (white, yellow, or black)
Name the most common varieties of moromitori shōchū
- Rice: komejōchū
- Sweet Potato: imojōchū (smoky)
- Barley: Mugijōchū (mellow)
- Buckwheat (soba): sobajōchū (mild)
- Sake lees (sake kasu): Kasutori
- Blended: a single-distilled (pot still) shōchū (~25% abv) is blended with a multiple-distilled (column still) shōchū (~35% abv)
- Note: shōchū means "burned liquor" in Japanese
How long is shōchū aged?
1 month or 3 years+
What is the alternative name for the Bois Ordinaires area in Cognac?
Bois à Terroirs
What type of oak may be used in Armagnac?
Monlezun black oak (high tannin) although Limousin is permitted
What type of oak may be used in Cognac?
Limousin oak (low in harsh tannins) is preferred but Alliers and Tronçais is permitted