Phil ch 2 & 3

  1. What do does the substance dualist believe about the mind?
    The mind is not the body and can exist outside of the body
  2. What do does the property dualist believe about the mind?
    The mind cannot exist without the body and mental states are not physical states
  3. What do does the eliminative dualist believe about the mind?
    There is no such thing as beliefs desires, emotions or state of mind
  4. What would an eliminative dualist say about someone that is unconscious?
    Being unconscious is impossible
  5. What do does the mind/brain theorist believe about the mind?
    the mental state is the same as the physical state
  6. What do does the functionalist believe about the mind?
    An object is determined by its function
  7. What would a functionalist say about someone that is unconscious?
    Unconsciousness is a mental state, therefore, it is a function of the mind.
  8. What is interactionalism?
    Minds are not matter but casually interact with the body
  9. What is the doubt argument?
    The mind and body are not identical because I can doubt my body exists but cannot doubt my mind exists
  10. What is the divisibility argument?
    My mind is not identical to my body because my body is divisible but not my mind
  11. What is the idea of occasionalism?
    Various parts of your activity are occasions for God to step in to cause the action
  12. What was Gottfried Leibniz’s argument against occasionalism?
    If this theory was true, God would have to constantly perform miracles to ensure the universe
  13. What did Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia believe about the body?
    The mind interacts with the body through touch
  14. What is Pre-established harmony?
    Physical events cause other physical events; that mental events cause other mental events but physical and mental events never interact.
  15. What is epiphenomenalism?
    Everything in our minds is a byproduct of physical processes occurring in the body
  16. What is quala?
    Term to explain the way humans perceive experiences
  17. What is “the knowledge arguments for quala”?
    Experiment used to explain non-physical properties a human experiences first-hand by touch, smell or taste.
  18. What is monism?
    Belief that there is only one kind of substance.
  19. What is physicalism?
    Every cause has a physical cause, mental events cause physical events, all events are physical events
  20. What is overdetermination?
    When a single-observed effect is determined by multiple causes
  21. What is underdetermination?
    When single-observed effect does not take place because the causes weren’t sufficient to prompt an action
  22. What is mind/brain identity theory?
    Beliefs, desires and emotions come from current brain state.
  23. T/F According to mind/brain identity theory, the mental state is the same at the brain state.
  24. What is the Turing test?
    Method to determine if a computer is capable of thinking like a human
  25. What was Jon Searle’s argument against the Turing test?
    A computer can perform a function but won’t understand the function
  26. What is Thomas Reid’s view on identity?
    Identity is foundation of rights, obligations and accountableness
  27. What was Rene Descartes and Thomas Reid’s belief on souls?
    They did not doubt their existence but could not prove it
  28. What was Plato’s belief on souls?
    People are souls and those souls exist before we are born.
  29. What was Socrates belief on souls?
    Our souls existed prior to birth to show the standard of comparison for equality
  30. What was John Locke’s belief on souls?
    Soul is our conscience and that it makes us a different person everyday
  31. What was Thomas Reids argument to John Locke’s theory about souls?
    It’s a contradiction to a persons identity, a person is still the same person in the past or future
  32. What was Antony Flews’ belief on identity?
    People are identified by their bodies when they are not the same mentally
  33. Explain “first-person perspective theory”
    A persons’ identity is from by the perspective they are exposed to and that minds are what make our identity.
  34. What did Joseph Butler say about memories?
    Believed that being the same person makes you have memories
  35. What as Judith Jarvis Thompsons’ belief on identity?
    People recognize others by their physical appearance, not psychological state
  36. Explain “Was I ever a fetus” challenge?
    A human fetus less that 6 mo has no worthy mental capacities, therefore the continuity view is incorrect.
  37. What is the soul view of self and identity?
    The soul is the identity of a person
  38. What is the psychological continuity view of self and identity?
    My psychological state determines my identity
  39. What is the physical continuity view of self and identity?
    My physical appearance is my identity
  40. What is the no-self view of self and identity?
    I am essentially nothing
Card Set
Phil ch 2 & 3
Phil ch 2 & 3