Pulmonology Chapter 4

  1. Combining Form

    Atel/o
    incomplete
  2. Combining Form

    Bronch/o
    Bronchi/o
    bronchus
  3. Combining Form

    Capn/o
    carbon dioxide
  4. Combining Form

    Cost/o
    Rib
  5. Combining Form

    Cyst/o
    bladder not necessarily urinary
  6. Combining Form

    Effus/o
    Pouring Out
  7. Combining Form

    Fus/o
    pouring
  8. Combining Form

    Hal/o
    To breath
  9. Combining Form

    Lob/o
    Lobe (lobe of organ-lung)
  10. Combining Form

    Pharyng/o
    • pharynx
    • throat
  11. Combining Form

    Phys/o
    inflate or stint
  12. Combining Form

    Pleur/o
    Plura (membrane that surrounds lungs)
  13. Combining Form

    Pneumo/o
    lung/air
  14. Combining Form

    Pulmon/o
    lung
  15. Combining Form

    Py/o
    Purul/o
    Pus material
  16. Combining Form

    Spir/o
    Breath
  17. Combining Form

    Trache/o
    the trachea (windpipe)
  18. Combining Form

    Ventil/o
    movement of air
  19. Suffixes

    -ectasis
    condition of dialation
  20. Suffixes

    -ema
    condition
  21. Suffixes

    -pnea
    breathing, apnea
  22. Suffixes

    -ptysis
    abnormal coughing up
  23. Abbreviations

    ABG

    Arterial blood gas
  24. Abbreviations

    CO2
    carbon dioxide
  25. Abbreviations

    O2
    oxygen
  26. Abbreviations

    COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  27. Abbreviations

    CPAP
    Continuous positive airway pressure
  28. Abbreviations

    CXR
    Chest X-ray
  29. Abbreviations

    DOE
    dizzining on exertion
  30. Abbreviations

    RA
    Room Air
  31. Abbreviations

    SOB
    Shortness of breath
  32. Abbreviations

    TB
    tuberculosis
  33. Combining Form

    diaphragmat/o
    phren/o
    diaphragm
  34. The abnormal condition in which air is present in the pleural cavity
    pneumothorax
  35. Pleural Effusion
    Accumulation of fluid in the pleural space due to inflammation or infection of the pleura and lungs
  36. A combining form that means 'hollow'
    alveol/o
  37. A combining form that means 'sound'
    phono/o
  38. A combining form that means 'windpipe'
    trache/o
  39. This small area depends on surfactant for proper gas exchange
    alveoli
  40. The singular form of bronchi is
    bronchus
  41. The singular form of alveoli is
    alveolus
  42. The term for bloody sputum
    hemoptysis
  43. This is the medical term for the bluish discoloration associated with impaired oxygenation
    cyanosis
  44. The medical term for excessive carbon dioxide in the blood due to impaired gas exchange
    hypercapnia
  45. The medical term for difficulty breathing when lying down
    orthopnea
  46. Inflammation in the pleura is called
    pleurisy
  47. An abnormal, excessive collection of pleural fluid within the pleural lining is called
    pleural effusion
  48. Name of the procedure which an endotracheal tube is advanced into the lungs to provide artificial ventilation
    intubation
  49. The surgical removal of the larynx is known as
    laryngectomy
  50. A surgical incision into the trachea is called
    tracheotomy
  51. This is a procedure in which a needle is used to withdraw fluid from the pleural space
    thoracentesis
  52. A surgical incision into the chest wall is called
    thoractomy
  53. Image Upload 1

    Air entering the ______ and _______ swirls around the turbinates, allowing the mucosa to warm and moisten it before it goes to the lungs
    nasal cavity and sinuses
  54. The throat:
    Image Upload 2
    Pharynx
  55. The _______ or voice box remains open during respiration and speech, allowing air to pass in and out through the vocal cords.
    Image Upload 3
    larynx
  56. Medical term for nostrils
    nares
  57. The ______ or windpipe is about 1 inch in diameter and 4 inches in length. The very below lower respiratory system end of upper respiratory tract.
    Image Upload 4
    Trachea
  58. The inferior end of the trachea splits to become the right and left primary _________
    bronchi
  59. Each primary bronchus enters a lung and branches into smaller_________.
    bronchioles
  60. The trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles look like the trunk and branches of an upside-down tree and are called the____________
    bronchial tree
  61. Where gas exchange takes place
    Alveoli
  62. A protein/fat that creates surface pressure so the alveoli stay open
    Surfactant
  63. The inhalation/inspiration process
    • 1. diaphragm contracts
    • 2. intercostal muscles expand the rib cage
    • 3. negative pressure allows air to enter
  64. The exhalation/expiration process
    • 1. diaphragm relaxes
    • 2. intercostal muscles also relax
    • 3. air is forced out of the lungs
  65. Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)
    bacterial or viral infection of the nose and/or throat. It is also known as the common cold or a head cold. Treatment: Antibiotic drugs for bacterial infections.
  66. Disorders of Trachea and Bronchial Tree:

    Asthma
    Hyperactivity of the bronchi and bronchioles with bronchospasm (constriction of the smooth muscle).
  67. Disorders of Trachea and Bronchial Tree:

    Bronchitis
    Acute or chronic inflammation or infection of the bronchi. Inflammation is due to pollution or smoking, and this causes a constant cough, mucus production (sputum), and wheezing.
  68. Disorders of Trachea and Bronchial Tree:

    Bronchiectasis
    Chronic, permanent enlargement and loss of elasticity of the bronchioles
  69. Irregular crackling or bubbling sounds during inspiration caused by fluid or infection in the alveoli. Dry____ are caused by chronic irritation or fibrosis
    Rales
  70. Humming, whistling, or snoring sounds during inspiration or expiration. They are caused by swelling, mucus, or foreign body that partially obstructs the bronchi.
    Rhonchi
  71. High-pitched, harsh, crowing sound due to edema or obstruction in the trachea or larynx.
    Stridor
  72. High-pitched whistling or squeaking sounds during inspiration or expiration. They are caused by extreme narrowing of the lumen due bronchospasm from asthma.
    Wheezes
  73. Oximetry
    Process of measuring O2 in blood
  74. Disorders of Lungs:

    Pneumonia
    Infection of some or all of the lobes of the lungs
  75. Disorders of Lungs:

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    Combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema caused by chronic exposure to pollution or smoking
  76. Disorders of Lungs:

    Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
    A severe infection, extensive burns, or injury to the lungs (aspiration of vomit or inhalation of chemical fumes) damage the alveoli.
  77. Disorders of Lungs:

    Atelectasis
    Incomplete expansion or collapse of part or all of a lung due to mucus, tumor, trauma, or a foreign body that blocks the bronchus.
  78. Disorders of Lungs:

    Lung Cancer
    Cancerous tumors of the lungs that is more common in smokers than nonsmokers
  79. Disorders of Lungs:

    Pulmonary Edema
    Fluid (edema) collects in the alveoli. This is a result of backup of blood in the pulmonary circulation because of failure of the left side of the heart to adequately pump blood.
  80. Disorders of Lungs:

    Pulmonary Embolism
    Blockage of pulmonary artery or one of its branches by embolus
  81. Disorders or Pleura & thorax:

    hemothorax
    Presence of blood in the thoracic cavity, usually from trauma.
  82. Disorders or Pleura & thorax:

    pneumothorax
    Large volume of air in the pleural space
  83. Disorders or Pleura & thorax:

    Pleural Effusion
    Accumulation of fluid in the pleural space due to inflammation or infection of the pleura and lungs
  84. Disorders or Pleura & thorax:

    Pleuritis (aka: pleurisy)
    Inflammation or infection of the pleura due to pneumonia, trauma, or tumor.
  85. Anoxia
    complete lack of oxygen in the arterial blood and body tissues
  86. hypoxia
    very low level of oxygen in the arterial blood
  87. hypoxemia
    subnormal oxygenation or arterial blood
  88. hypercapnia
    very high level of carbon dioxide in the arterial blood
  89. Auscultation and Percussion
    Procedure that uses a stethoscope to listen to breath sounds. Percussion uses the finger of one hand to tap over the finger of the other hand that is spread across the patient's back over a lobe of the lung.
  90. Endotracheal intubation
    A laryngoscope is used to visualize the vocal cords prior to insertion of an endotracheal tube.
  91. Nasotracheal tube
    Goes from outside the nose, between the vocal cords and into the trachea
  92. Incentive spirometer
    Medical device to encourage patients to breathe deeply to prevent atelectasis
  93. CXR
    chest xray
  94. ABG
    arterial blood gases
  95. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  96. Bronchoscopy
    Procedure that uses a lighted bronchoscope inserted through the mouth and larynx to examine the trachea and bronchi
  97. Chest tube insertion
    Procedure that inserts a plastic tube between the ribs and into thoracic cavity to remove accumulated air or blood due to trauma or infection
  98. thoracentesis
    Procedure that uses a needle and vacuum container to remove pleural fluid from the pleural space.
  99. Lung resection
    Procedure to remove part or all of a lung
  100. Tracheostomy
    This procedure begins with an incision into the trachea (tracheotomy) to create an opening
Author
Stephevette
ID
353467
Card Set
Pulmonology Chapter 4
Description
Pulmonology-Respiratory System
Updated