Vodka

  1. Vodka must be distilled at or above this level
    • US: 95% abv
    • EU: 90% abv
  2. Vodka must be bottled at or above this level
    • US: 40%, flavored: 30%
    • EU: 37.5%, flavored: 37.5%
  3. Name regulations for Irish Whiskey
    • Irish Whiskey Act of 1980
    • Technical Standards of 2015
  4. How many Carterhead Stills are there in the world?
    • 6
    • William Grant & Sons: 3
    • Hendrick's Gin: 2
    • Reyka Vodka: 1
  5. Discuss how vodka is made and the abv at each stage
    • After fermentation: wash is about 10% abv after 24-48 hours fermentation
    • After distillation: 60-80% abv after initial distillation in a column still
    • After passing through a series of additional columns: > 96% abv
    • Some distilleries then use a pot still stage called rectification
    • Demineralized water is added after rectification to reach bottling strength: min 37.5% abv in EU
    • Filtration: using activated charcoal (more neutral style) or cellulose or natural fabric mesh
    • Rounding: optionally adding sugar, glycerin, or citric acid to alter the mouthfeel
  6. Vodka must be distilled at or above this level
    • US: 95% abv
    • EU: 90% abv
  7. Vodka must be bottled at or above this level
    • US: 40%, flavored: 30%
    • EU: 37.5%, flavored: 37.5%
  8. Alternative term for neutral (unflavored) vodka
    Original vodka
  9. Flavor profile of wheat- and barley-based vodka
    Highly acidic, lighter in body
  10. Flavor profile of rye-based vodka
    Spicier character, more robust in flavor
  11. Flavor profile of corn-based vodka
    Delicate
  12. Flavor profile of potato-based vodka
    Full-bodied and creamy
  13. Base material of vodka from Russia
    Wheat
  14. Base material of vodka from Sweden
    Winter Wheat
  15. Base material of vodka from Finland
    Barley
  16. Base material of vodka from Poland
    Rye or potatoes
  17. Name a Russian vodka flavored with red chili pepper
    Pertsovka
  18. Name a Russian vodka flavored with dried orange and lemon peels
    Kubanskaya
  19. Name a Polish and Belarus vodka flavored with bison grass
    Zubrowka
  20. Name a Polish vodka flavored with clover honey and herbs
    Krupnik: this style is known as Krupnikas in Lithuania
  21. Name a vodka from Poland and Lithuania aged in oak
    Starka
  22. What is known as "hunter's vodka"?
    Okhotnichya
  23. Name a neutral spirit from China made from rice, barley, sorghum, or millet
    Baijiu (aka Shaojiu)
  24. Name a neutral spirt from Korea made from rice, barley, or wheat
    Soju
  25. Name a neutral spirt from Japan made from rice, barley, sweet potatoes, buckwheat, and brown sugar
    Shōchū: it is sometimes produced from other ingredients such as chestnut, sesame seeds, potatoes or carrots
  26. Name some rye-based vodkas
    Poland: Belvedere, Potocki, Wyborowa, Zytnia
  27. Name some wheat-based vodkas
    • France: Grey Goose
    • Sweden: Absolut
    • Netherlands: Ketel One
    • Russia: Sputnik
  28. Name the first vodka produced in the US
    Smirnoff: Russia nationalized vodka so Vladimir Smirnov (son of Pyotr Arsenjevitch Smirnov) moved to Istanbul and then the Ukraine. He later built another distillery in Paris. Rudoph Hunett, a Russian businessman living in New York, bought the rights to produce and market vodka under the Smirnoff brand and produced the first vodka in Connecticut in 1933.
  29. Name some barley-based vodkas
    Finland: Finlandia, Koskenkorva
  30. Name some corn-based vodkas
    USA: Smirnoff, Tito's
  31. Name some potato-based vodkas
    • USA: Teton Glacier
    • Poland: Chopin, Luksusowa
    • Austria: Monopolowa
  32. Name a vodka made from sugar cane
    USA: felənē
  33. Name some grape-based vodkas
    France: Ciroc
  34. Name some vodkas made form several grains
    • USA: Charbay, Skyy
    • Russia: Stolichnaya, Ikon, Jewel of Russia
    • Iceland: Polstar
    • Iceberg: Canada
  35. Name some vodkas made from a blend of wheat, rye, and potato
    Poland: Ultimat
  36. Describe the EU vodka wars
    In 2006, Poland asked the EU to restrict the definition of vodka to neutral spirts made from grains, potatoes, or sugar beets. The Schnellhart compromise, passed in 2007, allowed "other agricultural raw materials" (e.g., grapes, carrots, onions) to be used but they must state the base material on the label.
  37. Which countries have a PGI for vodka
    Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Sweden, and Finland
  38. Name some desireble congeners found in vodka
    • Fruity and floral: ethyl laurate
    • Waxy: ethyl myristate and ethyl palmitate
  39. Discuss how vodka is made and the abv at each stage
    • After fermentation: wash is about 10% abv after 24-48 hours fermentation
    • After distillation: 60-80% abv after initial distillation in a column still
    • After passing through a series of additional columns: > 96% abv
    • Some distilleries then use a pot still stage called rectification
    • Demineralized water is added after rectification to reach bottling strength: min 37.5% abv in EU
    • Filtration: using activated charcoal (more neutral style) or cellulose or natural fabric mesh
    • Rounding: optionally adding sugar, glycerin, or citric acid to alter the mouthfeel
  40. Alternative term for neutral (unflavored) vodka
    Original vodka
  41. Flavor profile of wheat- and barley-based vodka
    Highly acidic, lighter in body
  42. Flavor profile of rye-based vodka
    Spicier character, more robust in flavor
  43. Flavor profile of corn-based vodka
    Delicate
  44. Flavor profile of potato-based vodka
    Full-bodied and creamy
  45. Base material of vodka from Russia
    Wheat
  46. Base material of vodka from Sweden
    Winter Wheat
  47. Base material of vodka from Finland
    Barley
  48. Base material of vodka from Poland
    Rye or potatoes
  49. Name a Russian vodka flavored with red chili pepper
    Pertsovka
  50. Name a Russian vodka flavored with dried orange and lemon peels
    Kubanskaya
  51. Name a Polish and Belarus vodka flavored with bison grass
    Zubrowka
  52. Name a Polish vodka flavored with clover honey and herbs
    Krupnik: this style is known as Krupnikas in Lithuania
  53. Name a vodka from Poland and Lithuania aged in oak
    Starka
  54. What is known as "hunter's vodka"?
    Okhotnichya
  55. Name a neutral spirit from China made from rice, barley, sorghum, or millet
    Baijiu (aka Shaojiu)
  56. Name a neutral spirt from Korea made from rice, barley, or wheat
    Soju
  57. Name a neutral spirt from Japan made from rice, barley, sweet potatoes, buckwheat, and brown sugar
    Shōchū: it is sometimes produced from other ingredients such as chestnut, sesame seeds, potatoes or carrots
  58. Name some rye-based vodkas
    Poland: Belvedere, Potocki, Wyborowa, Zytnia
  59. Name some wheat-based vodkas
    • France: Grey Goose
    • Sweden: Absolut
    • Netherlands: Ketel One
    • Russia: Sputnik
  60. Name the first vodka produced in the US
    Smirnoff: Russia nationalized vodka so Vladimir Smirnov (son of Pyotr Arsenjevitch Smirnov) moved to Istanbul and then the Ukraine. He later built another distillery in Paris. Rudoph Hunett, a Russian businessman living in New York, bought the rights to produce and market vodka under the Smirnoff brand and produced the first vodka in Connecticut in 1933.
  61. Name some barley-based vodkas
    Finland: Finlandia, Koskenkorva
  62. Name some corn-based vodkas
    USA: Smirnoff, Tito's
  63. Name some potato-based vodkas
    • USA: Teton Glacier
    • Poland: Chopin, Luksusowa
    • Austria: Monopolowa
  64. Name a vodka made from sugar cane
    USA: felənē
  65. Name some grape-based vodkas
    France: Ciroc
  66. Name some vodkas made form several grains
    • USA: Charbay, Skyy
    • Russia: Stolichnaya, Ikon, Jewel of Russia
    • Iceland: Polstar
    • Canada: Iceberg
  67. Name some vodkas made from a blend of wheat, rye, and potato
    Poland: Ultimat
  68. Describe the EU vodka wars
    In 2006, Poland asked the EU to restrict the definition of vodka to neutral spirts made from grains, potatoes, or sugar beets. The Schnellhart compromise, passed in 2007, allowed "other agricultural raw materials" (e.g., grapes, carrots, onions) to be used but they must state the base material on the label.
  69. Which countries have a PGI for vodka
    Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Sweden, and Finland
  70. Name some desirable congeners found in vodka
    • Fruity and floral: ethyl laurate
    • Waxy: ethyl myristate and ethyl palmitate
  71. What country produces Smirnoff?
    • The brand began with a vodka distillery founded in Moscow by Pyotr Arsenievich Smirnov.
    • Today it is produced in many countries including the US, UK, Argentina, Albania, Brazil, Honduras, India, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Mongolia, and the Philippines.
  72. Name 5 vodkas produced in the US and what their base ingredient is
    • Charbay Clear: Corn and rye
    • Hanger 1: Viognier grapes and wheat
    • Skyy: grain
    • Teton Glacier: Idaho potatoes
    • Tito's: yellow corn
  73. Name 5 vodkas produced in Poland and what their base ingredient is
    • Luksusowa: Potato
    • Chopin: Potato, wheat and rye
    • Ultimat: Potato, wheat and rye
    • Wyborowa: Rye
    • Zytnia: Rye
  74. Name 5 vodkas produced in Russia and what their base ingredient is
    • Beluga: Barley malt
    • Hrenovuha: Horseradish
    • Ikon: Grain Neutral Spirits
    • Kizlyarka: Grape must
    • Stolichnaya: Wheat and rye
  75. Name 5 vodkas produced in France and what their base ingredient is
    • Ciroc: Grapes (Mauzac Blanc and Ugni Blanc)
    • Dragon Bleu: Wheat, barley, rye
    • Grey Goose: Wheat
    • Jean-Marc XO: Wheat
    • Mariette ("Little Rebel"): Wheat
Author
mikedutch
ID
353424
Card Set
Vodka
Description
Certified Specialist of Spirits
Updated