ch5 tourism

  1. Tourism product
    Consists of tourist attractions and the tourism industry
  2. Tourist attractions
    Specific and generic features of a destination that attract tourists; some, but not all, attractions are part of the tourism industry
  3. Attraction inventory
    A systematic list of the tourist attractions found in a particular destination
  4. Tourism resources
    Features of a destination that are valued as attractions by tourists at some particular point in time; a feature that was a tourism resource 100 years ago may not be perceived as such now
  5. Natural sites
    Geographically fixed attractions that are more natural than constructed; these can be subdivided into topography (physical features), climate, hydrology (water resources), wildlife, vegetation and location
  6. Iconic attraction
    An attraction that is well known and closely associated with a particular destination, such as Mt Fuji (Japan) or the Statue of Liberty (United States)
  7. Natural events
    Attractions that occur over a fixed period of time in one or more locations, and are more natural than constructed
  8. Ephemeral attraction
    An attraction, such as a wildflower display or rarely filled lakebed, that occurs over a brief period of time or on rare occasions only
  9. Cultural sites
    Geographically fixed attractions that are more constructed than natural; these can be classified into prehistorical, historical, contemporary, economic, specialized recreational and retail subcategories
  10. Dark tourism
    Tourism involving sites or events associated with death or suffering, including battlefields and sites of mass killings or assassinations
  11. Food tourism
    Tourism that involves the consumption of usually locally produced food and drink
  12. Winescapes
    A cultural landscape significantly influenced by the presence of vineyards, wineries and other features associated with viticulture and wine production; an essential element of wine-focused food tourism
  13. Functional adaptation
    The use of a structure for a purpose other than its original intent, represented in tourism by canals used by pleasure boaters and old homes converted into bed and breakfasts
  14. Golfscapes
    Cultural landscapes that are dominated by golf courses and affiliated developments
  15. Cultural events
    Attractions that occur over a fixed period of time in one or morel locations, and are more constructed than natural; these include historical commemorations and re-creations, world fairs, sporting events, and festivals
  16. Attraction attributes
    Characteristics of an attraction that are relevant to the management of an area as a tourist destination and thus should be periodically measured and monitored; includes ownership, orientation, spatial configuration, authenticity, scarcity, status, carrying capacity, accessibility, market, and image
  17. Site hardening
    Increasing the visitor carrying capacity of a site through structural and other changes that allow more visitors to be accommodated
  18. Tourism industry
    The businesses providing goods and services wholly or mainly for tourist consumption
  19. Travel agencies
    Businesses providing retail travel services to customers for commission on behalf of other tourism industry sectors
  20. Disintermediation
    The removal of intermediaries such as travel agents from the product/consumer connection
  21. Transportation
    Business involved with the transportation of tourists by air, road, rail, or water
  22. Freedoms of the air
    Eight privileges put in place through bilateral agreements, that govern the global airline industry
  23. Accommodation
    Within the context of the tourism industry, commercial facilities primarily intended to host stayover tourists for overnight stays

    Hotels: the most conventional type of tourist accommodation; can be subcategorized into city, convention, airport, resort, and apartment hotels, and motels

    Timesharing: an accommodation option in which a user purchases one or more intervals (or weeks) per year in a resort, usually over a long period of time
  24. Tour operators
    Businesses providing a package of tourism-related services for the consumer, including some combination of accommodation, transportation, restaurants, and attraction visits

    Outbound tour operators: tour operators based in origin regions that organize and market volume-driven package tours that include transportation, accommodation, attractions, and so on

    Inbound tour operators: tour operators that coordinate and manage the component of the package tour within the destination, in cooperation with a partner outbound tour operator
  25. Merchandise
    Goods purchased as part of the anticipated or actual tourism experience; includes tour guidebooks and luggage in the origin region, and souvenirs and duty-free goods in the destination region
  26. Horizontal integration
    Occurs when firms attain a higher level of consolidation or control within their own sector
  27. Vertical integration
    Occurs when a corporation obtains greater control over elements of the product chain outside its own sector
  28. Globalization
    The process whereby the operation of businesses and the movement of capital is increasingly less impeded by national boundaries, and is reflected in a general trend towards industry consolidation, deregulation, and privatization
Card Set
ch5 tourism
ch5 tourism