Clinically Oriented Anatomy; Chapter 1:Anatomical Terminology

  1. Longitudinal sections
    runs length wise is parallel to the long axis of the body or any of its parts.
  2. Dorsum
    the superior aspect of any part that protrude anteriorly
  3. Bilateral
    paired  structures that have right and left memebers
  4. ipsilateral
    something occurring on the same side of the body as another structure
  5. Flexion
    • bending or decreasing the angles between the bones or parts of the body
    • for joints above the kneww flexion is toward the anterior and extension is vice versa.
  6. extension
    straightening or increasing the angles between the bones or parts of the body; usually occurs in a posterior direction.
  7. Doriflexion
    lifting the front foot of the ground. you are flexing the ankle joint.
  8. Plantarflexion
    opposite of dorsiflexion
  9. abduction
    moving away from median plane
  10. adduction
    moving toward median plane
  11. lateral flexion
    abduction for the trunk and neck. bending your neck left and right.
  12. circumduction
    circular movement in joints that allow such as the shoulder or hip which is sequential flexion, abduction,extention, adduction.
  13. medial rotation
    bringing the anterior surface of a body part closer to the median plan
  14. lateral rotation
    bringing the anterior surface away from the medial plane.
  15. opposition
    The thumb is the first digit. this is touching the pads of the thumb to any other digit.
  16. Reposition
    thumb returning to anatomical position after opposition
  17. Pronation of forearms
    • when arms are down:rotate radius medially so palm face dorsal
    • when elbow is flexed : palm facing inferior and again radius is medial.
  18. supination
    • when arm is down :regular anatomical position if the forearm
    • when elbow is flexed:palm should be facing up (superiorly)
Author
Iana
ID
352806
Card Set
Clinically Oriented Anatomy; Chapter 1:Anatomical Terminology
Description
terms
Updated