DC 310

  1. What are the two types of stretchers used onboard TR?
    • Reeve Sleeve
    • Stokes Stretcher
  2. What is the main stretched used by medical?
    Reeve Sleeve
  3. What is the only stretcher that can be used to go up and down ladder wells?
    Reeve Sleeve
  4. What are the two disadvantages of the Reeve Sleeve?
    • There are not a lot of them onboard
    • Takes longer to load and unload a patient
  5. What is the Reeve Sleeve designed for?
    Moving patients out of engineering space, hold, vertical trunks, and other compartments where hatches or ladders are too small for other stretchers
  6. What is the primary stretcher used during a mass casaulty?
    Stokes stretcher
  7. What stretcher can have a floatation device attached for ship to ship transport?
    Stokes stretcher
  8. ____ is not a factor when using the stokes stretcher
  9. What is a disadvantage of the Stokes Stretcher?
    Cn only use for same deck transportation
  10. What is the definition or Triage?
    A continual Evaluation and classification of injured personnel
  11. ____ is used most commonly during a mass casualty
    Triage (to sort)
  12. What are the 4 Triage categories
    • Expectant (Black)
    • Immediate (Red)
    • Delayed (Yellow)
    • Minimal (Green)
  13. What is Triage category "Expectant (Black)?"
    Dead or dying victim
  14. What is Triage category "Immediate (Red)?"
    Casualty has servere life-threatening wounds that require urgent intervention to prevent death
  15. What is Triage category "Delyaed (Yellow)?"
    Serious but non-life-threatening injuries
  16. What is Triage category "Minimal (Green)?"
    Casualties with wounds that are so superficial that they requre no more than a first aid type dressing
  17. ____ Triage categoies are held until ______ casualties are cared for
    Delayed Triage categories are held until Immediate casualties are cared for
  18. Who directs Triage?
    Most senior medical person on scene
  19. What are the 3 objectives of first aid?
    • Save a life
    • Prevent further injury
    • minimize and/or prevent infection
  20. When first finding a patient who is unconcious or hurt in a space, what should be your first action?
    Scene safety (verify scene is safe)
  21. When administering first aid on a patient, what should the first and second resonder do?
    • One calls for help and grabs a gun bag or first aid box
    • The other tends to the victim
  22. What is CAB?
    • (verifying a victim is able to breathe)
    • Circulation
    • Airway
    • Breathing
  23. How many liters of blood does a body contain?
    5 liters
  24. What are the 3 types of bleeding categories?
    • Capilary
    • Venous
    • Arterial
  25. Describe Capilary bleeding?
    Very slow and small in quantity
  26. Describe Venous bleeding?
    Steady but relatively slow flow of dark red blood
  27. Describe Arterial bleeding?
    Least common but most dangerous. Bright red blood, large volume, spurts that correspond with heart beat
  28. Can prolonged bleeding from any type of would be life-threatening?
  29. What are the 4 different ways to treat bleeding?
    • Direct pressure
    • Elevation
    • Pressure points
    • Tourniquet
  30. Describe direct pressure
    Place dressing over wound (if it bleeds through, add another dressing on top, do not remove already applied dressings)
  31. Describe elevation
    Elevate extremity above heart level
  32. Describe pressure points
    Apply pressure to the major artery above the wound, closer to the heart
  33. How do you apply a tourniquet?
    • (do not remove once in place)
    • Place 2-4 inches above site
    • Mark a "T" and time of placement on forehead of victim
  34. How many pressure points does a person have?
  35. When twisting the rod of a tourniquet, what do you want to verify?
    Bright red bleeding has stopped and the distal pulse is eliminated. Then lock the rod in place.
  36. Once the rod is locked in place on a tourniquet, what do you want to verify?
    Check for bleeding and distal pulse
  37. Once the rod for a tourniquet is strapped in place, what do you want to do?
    Prepare the patient for transport and reassess
  38. How many different types of wounds are there?
  39. What are the 11 different types of wounds?
    • Burns
    • Electrical Shock
    • Smoke inhalation
    • laceration
    • sucking chest would
    • abdominal would
    • open and closed fracture
    • amputations
    • puncture wound
    • heat stress
    • hypothermia
  40. What number do you dial for medical emergency?
  41. What are the compressions and breaths to perform CPR correctly?
    • 30 compressions
    • 2 breaths
  42. How deep should each compression be when performing CPR?
    2 inches
  43. What reps per minute should the compressions be for CPR?
    100 per minute
  44. If uncomforatble giving mouth to mouth during CPR, what do you do?
    Stick with compressions
  45. How onften do you want to swap rescurers during CPR?
    Every 5 CPR cycles (equivalent to 2 minutes)
  46. Once a patient begins to breathe during CPR, what do you do?
    Lay victim on their side to keep airway clear
  47. What are the three types on burns?
    • 1st
    • 2nd
    • 3rd
  48. Describe 1st degree burn
    • Superficial layer of the epidermis
    • Red of pink skin
    • painful
  49. Describe 2nd degree burn
    • Damage to the epidermis and dermis
    • Blistering
    • Very painful
  50. Descrive 3rd degree burn
    • Damage to the epidermis and dermis
    • Involves muscle and bone
    • White, black and gray waxy tissue
    • May not be painful due to death of nerve tissue
  51. Would you bust any blisters on a burn?
  52. How do you treat 1st degree burns?
    Run cold water over would for 10 minutes
  53. What is used from the first aid kit to treat burns?
    ETD - Emergency Trauma Dressing
  54. How do you treat a victim for shock?
    Elevate legs of victim and keep warm, calm and reassured
  55. What is the rule of 9s?
    • 9% for each area of the body (head, arm, leg, torso)
    • 1% for perineum (private part)
  56. Rule of 9's: Head and neck = ____
  57. Rule of 9's: Each upper limb (arms) = ____
    9% each
  58. Rule of 9's: Thorax and abdomen = ____
    • Front = 18%
    • Back = 18%
  59. Rule of 9's: Each lower limb (legs) = ____
    Each leg = 18%
  60. Rule of 9's: Perineum (private part) = ____
  61. If a laceration would is on the mouth/jaw area, what position do you adjust the patient?
    A position that is comfortable to them, if not on mouth/jaw area, lay on their back
  62. When would you not apply direct pressure?
    When there is an exposed bone
  63. Once bandaged up for a laceration on the mouth/jaw, how do you position that patient?
    Lay victim on their side or face down with hands resting on dressing as a pillow
  64. If bleeding is uncontrollable, what should be used?
  65. When treating a sucking chest wound, where do you apply tape to 3 sides of the plastic cover only?
    Entry point, exit wound get's all four sides taped
  66. When treating an abdominal would, do you attempt to push intestines back inside?
  67. How should the Emergency Trauma Dressing be wrapped over the intestines?
    Moisten, if not possible, use dry dressing
  68. When handling a fracture, what do you want to ensure for the above and below joints?
    They are supported
  69. Where do you want to avoid placing tourniquets?
    Over joints if possible
  70. Who are the only personnel allowed to remove a tourniquet?
  71. When treating a puncture wound with the object still in place, what should you not do?
    DO NOT remove the object
  72. How do you treat for heat stress?
    • Immediately move patient to cool area
    • Begin cooling patient with ice packs or wet cold towels
    • take off restrictive clothing
  73. How do you treat hypothermia?
    Remove any wet clothing and apply a dry blanket
  74. What are 5 things to know about treating the 11 battle wounds?
    • be agressive in treatment
    • always check for seconday injuries
    • treat for shock
    • position casualty properly while awaiting transport
    • keep casualty warm and reassure them
  75. What is important to know before moving a patient?
    Plan before you move a patient
  76. What is the recommended minimum amount of personnel to use when using a stretcher?
  77. Person at the head of the casualty is _______ of commands
    in charge (team leader)
  78. If patient is not centerd on the stretcher, what is the perferred pattern to move them in?
    N pattern
  79. When transiting up or down a ladder with a patient, what must always be used?
    30' Tending (safety) line
  80. Which direction do you transport a patient?
    Feet first unless going up a ladder well
  81. What type of knots do you use when securing stretchers before going up and down ladder wells?
    • Figure-eight knot
    • Bowline knot
  82. When transporting through hatches, what technique should you use?
    Staggering technique
  83. When transporting a pateint through a vertical trunk, what team will set up a pulley system while HM staff stabalize patient?
    Deep extraction team (flying squad members)
  84. Does each repair locker have a stretcher bearer team?
  85. What is each repair locker's stretcher bearer team made up of?
    • 1 Corpsman
    • 4 stretcher bearers
  86. When needed to access a patient, would you go through a casualty space to get there?
    No, plan your route first
  87. How many BDS stations are onboard the ship?
  88. Where is the FWD BDS station located?
    • By fwd scullery
    • 2-54-2-L
  89. Where is the Main BDS station located?
    • Main medical
    • 2-109-0-L
  90. Where is the AFT BDS station located?
    • By engineering lounge
    • 2-213-3-L
  91. Where is the FWD AUX BDS station located?
    • By Repair Locker 7F
    • 03-18-2-L
  92. Where is the AFT AUX BDS station located?
    • By LSO station
    • 03-255-6-L
  93. Where is the FLT DECK BDS Located?
    • In the tower, aft of flight deck control
    • 04-165-3-L
  94. If using multiple ladders, would you want to use multiple strethcer bearer teams?
  95. How many first aid boxes or located onboard TR?
  96. What do you do if a seal is broken on a medical kit?
    • Report it to medical
    • medical will complete an inventory and reseal box
  97. How many Mass Casualty Sets do we have?
    • 8
    • 1 in each hangar bay port side
    • 2 in each mess deck area
    • 1 in FLT DK BDS
  98. If you see a padlock in broken on a Mass Casualty Set, what should you do?
    Report it to medical
  99. What do you do if you have an irrational patient?
    Call security
  100. What does BVM stand for?
    Bag valve mask
  101. What is the BVM designed for?
    TO help ventilate an unconscious civtim while delivering high concentrations of O2
  102. When do you use a BVM?
    When the patient is breathing less than 10 breaths a minute or not at all
Card Set
DC 310