DC 309

  1. What are the four watch stations involved with CBR?
    • Internal Survey Team
    • External Survey Team
    • Perosnnel DECON Station Operator
    • Decontamination Team
  2. What are chemicals designed to do?
    • Kill personnel
    • Create Casualties
    • Make life miserable
  3. What are the 5 agents associated with CBR?
    • Nerve
    • Blood
    • Blister
    • Choking
    • Incompasitating
  4. Name two Choking agents?
    • Phosgene
    • Chlorine
  5. Name three Blister agents?
    • Mustard
    • Lewisite
    • Phosgene Oxime
  6. Name one blood agent?
    Hydrogen Cyanide
  7. Name 4 Nerve agents?
    • Tabun
    • Sarin
    • Soman
    • VX
  8. What is the CBR shape for Nerve Agents?
    • 8 Sided green star
    • red explanation mark
  9. What are some symptoms of Nerve agents?
    • Miosis (pin pointed pupils)
    • Sudden headache
    • runny nose
    • cerebral fluid
    • Cramps
    • Diahrea
    • Muscle twitching
    • Seizures
    • Respiratory failure
    • Death
  10. What type of CBR attack was used in the Tokyo subway terrorist attack?
    Nerve agent attack using Sarin gas
  11. What matter form are nerve agents associated with?
    • Vapor
    • Liquid
  12. Nerve agents are very ___ and ____
    effective and deadly
  13. Is there a drug antidote for nerve agents?
  14. What is the CBR shape for blood agents?
    Red circle with green explantion mark
  15. What are some symptoms of a blood agent?
    • violent convulsions 20-30 seconds long
    • breathing stops in under 1 minute
    • Death can occur within 1-5 minutes
  16. Is there a treatment for a blood agent attack?
  17. How does a blood agent attack work?
    Affects the oxygen transfer in the blood stream
  18. What are some symptoms of blister agents?
    • red skin
    • heavy breathing
    • increase pulse
    • headache
    • diziness
    • boils
    • rash/redness
    • deep burns (blood blisters)
    • blindness if not removed within 1 min from eyes using water
  19. What is the mode of action for blister agents?
    • inhalation
    • skin contact
  20. What matter form are blister agents associated with?
    • liquid
    • areosol
    • vapor
    • dust
  21. What is the required defensive gear against a blister agent attack?
    Protective mask and clothing
  22. What is the primary use of a blister agent?
    Used to cause medical casualties but can be lethal when large amounts are inhaled
  23. What is the CBR shape for a blister agent?
    Square with red explanation mark
  24. How long can a blister agent attack last?
    days to weeks
  25. What do blister agents smell like?
    garlic or horseradish
  26. What is highly reactive with metals causing fumes?
    Blister agents
  27. Are blister agents casualty producing?
  28. Are choking agents casualty producing?
  29. What are some symptoms of choking agents?
    • Pink sputum
    • difficulty breathing
    • vomiting
    • increased pulse and breathing
    • pulmonary edema
    • coma
    • death
  30. Is there a treatment "onboard" for choking agents?
  31. Are Choking agents designed to kill?
    No, but can with a heavy dose
  32. Are incompasitating agents lethal?
  33. What do incompasitating agents do?
    • produces temporary misery
    • lowers moral or cause troops to become combat ineffective
  34. What are some examples of incompasitating agents?
    • Tear gas
    • LSD
    • Mace
  35. How can incompasitating agents be disseminated?
    • artillery
    • missiles
    • bombs
    • areosols
    • mines
    • special forces
  36. What color a series does M-8 paper detect?
    • Green = V series nerve
    • Yellow = G series Nerve
    • Red = H series blister
  37. What two agents does the M-8 paper detect?
    Nerve and Blister agents
  38. How do you use the M-8 paper?
    Dip paper into liquid, wait for color change
  39. How is M-9 paper used?
    Post near ventillation, aerosol detection
  40. What happens to M-9 paper when it detects an agent?
    red blotchy spots appear
  41. Can M-9 paper differentiate between agents?
  42. What agents can M-9 paper detect?
    • Nerve
    • Blood
    • Blister
  43. How does M256A-1 detect agents?
    In vapor form
  44. Can M256A-1 differentiate between agents?
  45. What does M256A-1 come with?
    M-8 paper
  46. What agents does the M256A-1 detect?
    • Blood
    • Blister
    • Nerve
  47. What does IPDS stand for?
    Improved point detection system
  48. What does the IPDS do?
    Samples air surrounding the ship for CBR agents
  49. What are the two types of biological agents?
    • Infectious agents
    • Toxins
  50. What are infectious agents?
    Living organisms with the capability to cause disease
  51. What are toxins?
    Non-living substances produced by living organism but has chemical properties
  52. What agent is uncontrollable and unpredictable?
    biological agents
  53. How much more deadly are Biological agents compared to chemical agents?
    100 times more deadly
  54. What are the 6 categories for Biological agents?
    • Bacteria
    • Rickettsiae
    • Viruses
    • Fungi
    • Protozoa
    • Prions
  55. Due to research, what are the only two categories that are known potential for Biological warefare agents? (BWA)
    • Viruses
    • Bacteria
  56. Viruses are the ____ militarily significant of the infectious agents
  57. What are some examples of biological viruses?
    • tularemia
    • Plague
    • Anthrax
    • Cholera
    • Ebola
    • Monkey Pox
    • Rift Valley Virus
    • Yellow fever
    • Small Pox
  58. How small are viruses?
    .2-5 microns
  59. Describe Rickettsiae?
    • Single Celled parasites
    • Requires a living host
    • Extremely small (.3 -.5 microns)
  60. What are some examples of Rickettsiae?
    • Rocky mountain spotted fever
    • Typhus
  61. When were prions identified?
  62. What are prions composed of?
    misformed proteins
  63. What are prions resistant to?
    • heat
    • chemicals
  64. What are symptoms of Prion attacks?
    • loss of motor skills
    • dementia
    • paralysis
    • death
  65. What are some examples of Prion attacks?
    • Mad Cow Disease
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
    • Gerstmann-Strussler-Schienkey Syndrome (GSS)
  66. What is fungi primarily used for?
    to destroy crops
  67. What are some examples of fungi?
    • molds
    • mildews
    • yeast
  68. What is fungi responsible for
    • wheat rust
    • potato blight
    • corn smut
  69. Descibe protozoa
    • single cell organisms
    • larger than bacteria
  70. What are some examples of protozoa?
    • Amebic dysentery
    • malaria
  71. Protozoa are the ____ militarily significant of infectious agents
  72. What do you DON during a CBR attack?
    • M50 mask
    • JSLIST and CBR IPE
  73. What does JSLIST stand for?
    Joint service light weight integrated suit technology
  74. What are shipboard protective measures against a CBR attack?
    • Avoidance
    • Set Circle William
    • Counter Measure Washdown System (CMWD)
  75. What do you do after a CBR attack?
    • Decontaminate personnel (showers)
    • Decom the ship with HTH primary, soap and water secondary
    • Decom food
    • Decom water
    • Quarantine potentially exposed personnel
  76. What is used in the MCU-2P C-2 Filter Canister?
    activated charcoal
  77. How are the C-2 filter canisters degraded?
    By water or blood agents
  78. How long are C-2 filters good for?
    • 60 days in fresh air
    • 30 days in CW environment
  79. How many canisters do you get per mask?
    3 (1 trainer)
  80. What is the shelf life of the JSLIST?
    5 years unopened in original pack
  81. What is the wear time for JSLIST in a non CBR environment?
    45 days of use
  82. How long can you wear the JSLIST in a constant CW environment?
    24 hours
  83. What does RSDL stand for?
    Reactive skin decontamination lotion (SDK)
  84. How much square inches does RSDL cover at minimum?
    200 square inches
  85. What are the two post exposure auto injectors?
    • Atropine Sulfate
    • Pralidoxime Chloride (2 pam Cl)
  86. How many auto injectors and what is their mg for Atropine Sulfate?
    3 auto injectors 2mg each
  87. How many auto injectors and what is their mg for 2 pam Cl?
    3 auto injectors 300mg each
  88. Are the auto injectors self aid?
  89. In what order do you self admister the auto injectors for post exposure?
    • 1. atropine
    • 2. 2 pam Cl
  90. How long does it take to be clear of symptoms after using auto injectors?
    10-15 minutes, then seek buddy aid
  91. What do you do if you find a buddy down during a CBR attack?
    • Adminster all auto injectors
    • 3 atropine
    • 3 2 Pam Cl
    • or all that remain
    • seek medical help
  92. What is MOPP-0
    • No CBR Threat
    • Gas Mask issued out and put in storage
  93. What is MOPP-1
    • Threat Suspected
    • IPE, 2 unopened filter canisters readily available
    • Inventory stowed CB defense equipment and supplies
    • Set material condition yoke if not already set
  94. What is MOPP-2
    • Threat possible
    • protective mask in carried and worn on person
    • Pre-position decom supplies in decon stations and at repair locked
    • Set material condition zebra
    • Activate and monitor CD detection and sampling equipment
    • Post M-8 and M-9 detector paper
  95. Can M-8 and M-9 paper detect biological agents?
  96. What is MOPP 3
    • Threat Probable
    • Set General Quarters
    • Set material condition zebra
    • Non-essential personnel move inside the skin of the ship
    • Install filter on mask
    • Don JSLIST with hood down
    • Issue SDK to designated personnel
    • Activate decom stations and CCAs
    • Post and monitor detection equipment and materials
    • Activate CMWD system intermittently
  97. What is MOPP-4
    • Threat imminent
    • Don mask and secure hood
    • Set circle william
    • Activate CMWD continuously
  98. What percentage of biological and chemical agents are removed from the ship during CMWD?
    up to 95%
  99. What is the purpose of the decontamination station?
    • Provides a predetermined entrance into uncontaminated interior of the ship
    • provides a means for personnel decontamination
    • prevents the spread of contamination throughout the ship
  100. What is Calcium Hypochlorite? Ca(CIO)2
    • The standard shipboard decontamination for checmical and biological agents
    • Also known as HTH. High test Hypochlorite
  101. What does HTH stand for?
    High Test Hypochlorite
  102. What does GDA stand for?
    Gross decon area
  103. What is the purpose of the CCA/OCUA?
    Removal of protective clothing
  104. What is position 1 during decontamination?
    JSLIST OVergarment
  105. What is position 2 during decontamination?
    Trousers and overboots
  106. What is position 3 during decontamination?
    Gloves/ exit to decon station
  107. What is position 4 during decontamination?
    Removal of inner clothing (medical will cut pull over shirts)
  108. What is position 5 during decontamination?
    Thorough shower
  109. What is position 6 during decontamination?
    • Doffing of mask if all clear
    • Check my medical personnel
    • issue clothing
  110. What does OCUA stand for?
    Outer clothing undressing area
  111. What does ICUA stand for?
    Inner clothing undressing area
  112. What does SA stand for?
    Shower area
  113. When do you use CMWD?
    Before, during, and 15 min after
  114. What are the 5 types of radiation?
    • Alpha
    • Beta
    • Gamma
    • Xray
    • Neutron
  115. What is the weakest form of radiation?
  116. Can alpha penetrate paper?
  117. What is the strongest form of radiation?
  118. What does DFU stand for?
    Dry filter unit
  119. What does the DFU 1000 do?
    Continuously samples by collecting/trapping airborne particles onto a filter for analysis
  120. How is the DFU powered?
  121. What are the three defined levels of biological agent identification?
    • Presumptive
    • Confirmatory
    • Definitive
  122. Does the TR have confirmatory laboratory capabilities?
  123. What is the purpose of the chemical survey?
    To detect, locate and Identify chemical agents in either liquid or vapor
  124. What are the 5 types of surveys?
    • Periodic monitoring
    • On-station monitoring
    • rapid internal survey
    • rapid external survey
    • gross external survey
  125. When is periodic monitoring conducted?
    Used for detecting the arrival of checmical agents in liquid form
  126. When is on-station monitoring conducted?
    performed in selected spaces during the attack to determine if there is a vapor hazard inside the ship
  127. When is a rapid internal survey conducted?
    After a suspected chemical attack to determine if there is a vapor hazard in selected vital spaces
  128. When is a rapid external survey conducted?
    As soon as possible after an attack with liquid agent to determine if there is liquid contamination at vital topside stations
  129. When is a gross external survey conducted?
    As time permits to mark the boundariers of contaminated areas
  130. What is the NATO marker for chemical agents?
    • Marker with yellow on both sides
    • Front side says "GAS" in red
    • Back side write "date and time" agent was detected and type of agent
  131. What is the NATO marker for bilogical agents?
    • Marker with blue on both sides
    • Front side says "BIO" in red
    • Back side write "date and time" agent was detected and type of agent
  132. What is the NATO marker for Nuclear?
    • Marker with white on both sides
    • Front side says "ATOM" in black
    • Back side write "dose rate, date and time of reading, and time of burst if known"
Card Set
DC 309