ART exam 2

  1. Prehistory means...
    The time recorded before history
  2. The woman of willemdorf (big and busty carving) belongs to the ______ period and functioned as...
    Paleolithic period; a fertility figure
  3. The depiction of animals in comparison to humans of the _______ period are rendered with ____________
    Paleolithic; expressive naturalism. Animals to humans in painting that looks like old skin
  4. The rendering of animals during the neolithic period is best described as...
    Geometric and abstract (painting of a cup with animal on it)
  5. What are the five key characteristics of a civilization
    Occupational specialization, animal husbandry, production of bronze, presence of writing system, and food production thru agriculture
  6. This land lies between the Tigris and Euphrates. Named by the Greeks as "the land between the rivers"
  7. Sumerian Mesopotamia was comprised of these, each with its own government and at the center of which stood a ziggurat
  8. Sometime around 2300 BCE Mesopotamia was united under a single ruler from this culture
  9. Name the stylistic characteristics of amarna period art (reign of Akhenaten)
    Elongated facial features and appendages, swollen hips and abdomen, sexually androgynous
  10. Name the ways Egyptian Pharaohs were buried in the three major time periods
    • Old kingdom- pyramids
    • Middle Kingdom- rock cut tombs
    • New kingdom- shaft burials in the valley of kings
  11. This term refers to ancient Greek art that emphasized rational simplicity, order, and restrained emotion
  12. Twisted movement, tortured facial expressions, strained muscles, and emotional and physical anguish are characteristics of this period in Ancient Greek art
  13. Portraiture achieved a high degree of individuality in this roman period
  14. Name the roman temple dedicated to all the gods that had the largest dome built until the 1400s, complete with an oculus and coffers
    The pantheon
  15. This roman emperor split the empire into eastern and western halves, moved the capitol to Byzantium and renamed it after himself. Today it is Istanbul, turkey. He also made Christianity legal
  16. The old st peters was based on this roman architectural plan that originally functioned as an assembly hall
  17. This color is often used to represent the heavenly realm in Byzantine art
  18. The 9th century period when images were outlawed because it was believed they encouraged idolatry
  19. This term describes th revival of roman principles of stone architectural construction especially around the round arch and barrel vault
  20. Name the key differences between early gothic and high gothic architecture
    • Early gothic- thicker walls, not as much height, not as ornate
    • High gothic- thinner walls, more height, intricate and ornate stonework
  21. This philosophy held that all sources of inspiration l, whether from the Bible or classical mythology, were a means of ascending earthly existence toward a mystical union with god
  22. This philosophical, literary, and artistic movement supported the secular dimensions of life, pursued intellectual and scientific inquiry, and rediscovered classical literature
    Renaissance humanism
  23. The HOLY TRINITY by masaccio was the first painting to use this means of creating the illusion of depth
    • Linear perspective
    • Jesus is hanging on a cross in the painting
  24. Donatellos DAVID was the first of these in approximately 1000 years
    Life-sized, free standing nude
  25. Northern renaissance painting differed from Italian renaissance painting in that they were more concerned with depicting this
    Life in the real world
  26. The word BAROQUE literally means this
    Rough or imperfect, or simply, elaborate
  27. This artist is sometimes called the father of baroque painting
  28. Much of the bronze used to make berninis baldacchino at the New St Peters came from
    Ancient Greek sculpture
  29. Ornately delicate and organic framework around relatively bright paneled walls expressed the tastes of the French aristocracy after the death of Louis XIV and are characteristic of this movement in art and architecture
  30. Name at least 5 stylistic characteristics of baroque art
    Drama, theatricality, framing devices, extreme foreshortening, tenebrism, diagonals, open compositions
Card Set
ART exam 2