Pharmacology 1-3

  1. A technologist may administer drugs for diagnostic procedures once they have been:
  2. Drugs that may be administered by a technologist after they have been prescribed include:
    Medications for sedation, pain management, contrast media, and emergency drugs for reactions to contrast
  3. In what year was venipuncture added to the ASRT's scope of practice?
  4. Failure to do something that a reasonable person of ordinary prudence would do in a certain situation:
    Medical Negligence
  5. Breach of duty to adhere to a standard of care:
    Medical Malpractice
  6. T/F Individuals with limited education and experience who practice as those with appropriate education and experience are expected to perform in the same manner as qualified personnel.
  7. Who is liable if a health care facility requires employees to perform procedures beyond the employees educational expertise?
    Both the facility and the employee
  8. What is the imaging technologists primary concern when dealing with HIPAA compliance?
    Patient Confidentiality
  9. The study of drugs in living systems:
  10. A drug has many names given to it before it becomes available. These names are:
    Chemical name, code number, generic name, and brand name
  11. The shortened version of a drug name is the ____name and is the official name given to the ____ ____.
    Generic, active chemical ingredient
  12. The original drug is the ____ drug. After years of exclusive rights, other companies may produce the same drug under different ____ names.
    Generic, Brand
  13. Medications that require a prescription are called:
    Legend Drugs
  14. T/F Radiopaque contrast agents and other medications administered in the radiology department fall into the category of legend drugs.
  15. A verbal order does not constitute a:
    Valid prescription
  16. A valid prescription includes at least 7 components:
    1. Patient Name, room #/address, and ID # 2. Drug Name 3. Dosage 4. Dose form 5. Route of administration 6. Date 7. Signature
  17. Medications that have a high potential for abuse:
    Controlled Substances
  18. Controlled Substances are placed into one of 5:
    Controlled Substance Schedules
  19. In the Controlled Substance Schedules, the lower the roman numeral, the:
    greater the potential for abuse
  20. In the U.S., schedule C-I drugs are:
    illegal for patient use
  21. To acquire schedule C-I drugs, a manufacturer or researcher of narcotic and dangerous drugs must be registered with the federal:
    Drug Enforcement Agency
  22. Schedule C-II drugs cause are legal for prescription and cause:
    marked euphoria with mind-altering effects
  23. Morphine and amphetamine fall into which category?
  24. The patient chart is a legal medical record belonging to:
    the hospital
  25. What medical record format do most hospitals use?
    POMR (problem-oriented medical record)
  26. A general reference that is simply a compilation of various package inserts put out by pharmaceutical manufacturers:
    Physician's Desk Reference (PDR)
  27. Two Greek words that make up the term "pharmacology":
    Pharmakon meaning drug and logia meaning study
  28. A drug is any chemical substance that produces a:
    biologic response in a living system
  29. Drugs may be classified by:
    Name, action, or method of legal purchase
  30. A standard of care is applied to measure:
    the competence of the professional
  31. A branch of pharmacology that focuses on the methods for achieving effective drug administration:
  32. Drugs are placed in a:
  33. A substance compounded with the active ingredient for delivery is called:
    a vehicle
  34. The type of preparation or the manner in which the chemical agent is transported:
    Dosage Form
  35. Dosage forms include:
    Solid, liquid, gas, or combination of all
  36. Dosage form determines the:
    speed or onset of therapeutic effect
  37. Solid Dosage Forms:
    Tablet, capsule, suppositories or inserts
  38. Tablets consist of:
    the drug, fillers, dyes, flavoring agents, and an outside coating
  39. Dose form in which a powered or liquid drug is contained in a hard or soft gelatin:
  40. Liquid dosage forms include:
    solutions, emulsions and suspensions
  41. Parenteral dosage forms are given by:
  42. Routes for parenteral doses:
    subcutaneous, intra-dermal, intra-thecal, intramuscular, intravenous, and intra-arterial
  43. Gas dosage forms include:
    Oxygen, anesthesia, and aerosol
  44. The process of drub absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination:
  45. Pharmacokinetics determine the:
    onset and extent of drug action
  46. All drugs are absorbed except:
    IV injections
  47. Factors that affect drug absorption:
    dissolution property, surface area, blood flow, concentration, acid-base properties, lipophilicity, and compatibility
  48. Factors that affect drug distribution:
    Cardiac output, regional blood flow, and drug reservoirs
  49. Organs responsible for removing metabolites:
    Liver, kidneys, lungs, and intestinal mucosa
  50. Delayed drug metabolism can cause:
    Cumulative drug effect (overdose)
  51. This technology is used to prevent the strongly acidic contents of the stomach from chemically destroying the activity of a drug:
    Enteric-coated tablets
  52. The begining of the pharmacokinetic process include:
    disintegration and dissolution
  53. Largest surface area of absorption of drugs:
    Pulmonary Alveoli and GI rugae
  54. A neutrally charged, or non-ionized particle crosses a cell membrane ____ than a charged, ionized particle.
  55. The process of chemically changing a drug into a metabolite that can be exreted from the body:
    Metabolism, or bio-transformation
  56. Drugs in the liver undergo one or both of these types of chemical reactions:
    Oxidation, hydrolysis, or reduction and/or conugation
  57. Transformation of a drug from a lipid-soluble substance that can cross biologic membranes to a water-soluble substance that can be excreted through the biliary tract:
  58. Why must some drugs be administered through an alternative route?
    Because the liver may cause deterioration of the active drug rendering it inactive
Card Set
Pharmacology 1-3
Radiographic Pharmacology