Medical Terminology

  1. anabolism (anabol - a building up; -ism condition)
    building up of the body substance in the constructive phase of meabolism
  2. anorexia (an- lack of; -orexia appetite)
    lack of appetite
  3. appendectomy (append - appendix; -ectomy surgical excision)
    surgical excision of the appendix
  4. appendicitis (appendic - appendix; -itis inflammation)
    inflammation of the appendix
  5. bilirubin
    orange-colored bile pigment produced by the separation of hemoglobin into parts that are excreted by the liver cells
  6. black hairy tongue
    condition in which the tongue is covered by hairlike papillae entangled with threads
  7. bowel
  8. buccal (bucc - cheek; -al pertaining to)
    pertaining to the cheek
  9. catabolism (catabol - a casting down; -ism condition)
    literally a casting down; a breaking of complex substances into more basic elements
  10. celiac (celi - abdomen, belly; -ac pertaining to)
    pertaining to the abdomen
  11. cheilosis (cheil - lip; -osis condition usually abnormal)
    abnormal condition of the lip as seen in riboflavin and other B-complex deficiencies
  12. cholecystectomy (chol/e - fall, bile; cyst - bladder; -ectomy surgical excision)
    surgical excision of the gallbladder
  13. cholecystitis (chol/e - gall, bile; cyst - bladder; -itis inflammation)
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  14. chyle
    milky fluid of intestinal digestion composed of lymph and emulsified fats
  15. cirrhosis (cirrh - orange-yellow; -osis condition usually abnormal)
    chronic degenerative liver disease characterized by changes in the lobes
  16. colonoscopy (colon/o - colon; -scopy visual examination, to view, examine)
    visual examination of the colon via a colonoscope
  17. constipation (constipat - to press together; -ion process)
    infrequent passage of unduly hard and dry feces; difficult defecation
  18. Crohn's disease
    chronic autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract but most commonly occurs in the ileum
  19. defecation (defecat - to remove dregs; -ion process)
    evacuation of the bowel
  20. deglutition
    act or process of swallowing
  21. dentalgia (dent - tooth; -algia pain, ache)
    pain in a tooth; toothache
  22. dentist (dent - tooth; -ist one who specializes)
    one who specializes in dentistry
  23. diarrhea (dia- through; -rrhea flow)
    frequent passage of unformed watery stools
  24. digestion
    process by which food is changed in the mouth, stomach, and intestines by chemical, mechanical, and physical action so that it can be absorbed by the body
  25. dysentery (dys- difficult; enter - intestine; -y pertaining to)
    an intestinal disease charaterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane
  26. dyspepsia (dys- difficult; -pepsia to digest)
    difficulty in digestion; indigestion
  27. dysphagia (dys- difficult; -phagia to eat, to swallow)
    difficulty in swallowing
  28. emesis (eme - to vomit; -sis condition)
  29. enteric (enter - small intestine; -ic pertaining to)
    pertaining to the small intestine
  30. enteritis (enter - small intestine; -itis inflammation)
    inflammation of the small intestine
  31. enzyme
    protein substance capable of causing chemical changes in other substances without being changed itself
  32. eructation (eructat - a breaking out; -ion process)
  33. feces
    body waste expelled from the bowels; stools, excreta
  34. flatus
    gas in the digestive tract
  35. gavage
    to feed liquid or semiliquid food via a tube (stomach or nasogastric)
  36. gingivitis (gingiv - gums; -itis inflammation)
    inflammation of the gums
  37. halitosis (halit - breath; -osis condition usually abnormal)
    bad breath
  38. hematemesis (hemat - blood; -emesis vomiting)
    vomiting of blood
  39. hematochezia
    passage of stools that contain red blood rather than tarry stools
  40. hemorrhoid (hemorrh - vein liable to bleed; -oid resemble)
    mass of dilated, tortuous veins in the anorectum;
  41. hepatitis (hepat - liver; -itis inflammation)
    inflammation of the liver
  42. hernia
    abnormal protrusion of an organ or a part of an organ through the wall of the body cavity that normally contains it
  43. hyperemesis (hyper - excessive, above; -emesis vomiting)
    excessive vomiting
  44. irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    disorder that interferes with the normal functions of the large intestine (colon); characterized by a group of symptoms, including crampy abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea.
  45. labial (labi - lip; -al pertaining to)
    pertaining to the lip
  46. lavage
    to wash out a cavity
  47. lingual (lingu - tongue; -al pertaining to)
    pertaining to the tongue
  48. mastication (masticat - to chew; -ion process)
  49. nausea
    feeling of the inclination to vomit
  50. periodontal disease
    inflammation and degeneration of the gums and surrounding bone, which frequently causes loss of the teeth
  51. peristalsis (peri - around; -stalsis contraction)
    wavelike contraction that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the alimentary canal
  52. postprandial (PP) (post- after; prand/i - meal; -al pertaining to)
    after a meal
  53. proctologist (proct/o - anus and rectum; log - study of; -ist one who specializes)
    physician who specializes in the study of the anus and rectum
  54. stomatitis (stomat - mouth; -itis inflammation)
    inflammation of the mouth
  55. ulcer
    open lesion or sore of the epidermis or mucous membrane
  56. ulcerative colitis
    disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine
  57. vomit
    to eject stomach contents through the mouth
  58. ac
    before meals
  59. BE
    barium enema
  60. BM
    bowel movement
  61. BRP
    bathroom privileges
  62. CHO
  63. CUC
    chronic ulcerative colitis
  64. GB
  65. GI
  66. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  67. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome
  68. NG
    nasogastric (tube)
  69. NPO, npo
    nothing by mouth
  70. N&V
    nausea and vomiting
  71. pc
    after meals
  72. PP
    postprandial (after meals)
  73. PUD
    peptic ulcer disease
  74. RDA
    recommended dietary or daily allowance
  75. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal
  76. gastroesophageal reflux
    condition that occurs when the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach, the lower esophageal sphincter, is weak or relaxes inappropriately, allowing the stomach's contents to back up (reflux) into the the esophagus.
Card Set
Medical Terminology
Medical vocabularys & abbrevations