Growth and Development

  1. Refers to the physical changes that occur in the size of human beings.
    It is also a constant state of change from moment of conception to death, and it’s highly individualized
  2. Refers to function or gradual process of change from simple to complex skills performed by a person
  3. Growth that occurs in an orderly and predictable pattern that proceeds from the head toward the feet
  4. Development that proceeds from the center of the body towards the outside
  5. 3 factors that influence growth and development
    Biological, Environmental, Social Factors
  6. Any substance or process that interferes with normal prenatal development causing an abnormality in the developing fetus
  7. Engagement/Commitment stage
    Couple acknowledges they are considering marriage
  8. Establishment Stage
    Extends from wedding till birth of first child
  9. Expectant Stage
    Conception through pregnancy
  10. Parenthood Stage
    Begins at birth or adoption of first child
  11. Disengagement stage of parenthood
    Grown children depart from home
  12. Senescence
    Last stage! Growing old
  13. Male dominated family
  14. Female dominated family
  15. Both parent dominate equally
  16. Birth to 18months (trust vs mistrust)
  17. 18 months to 3 years TODDLERS
    Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
  18. Preschoolers 3-5
    Initiative vs guilt
  19. School age 5-12
    Industry vs inferiority
  20. Adolescence 12-18
    Identity vs role confusion
  21. Young adult 18-40
    Intimacy vs Isolation
  22. Older Adult 40-65
    Generativity vs stagnation
  23. Oldest adults 65+
    Integrity vs Despair
  24. Learning through sense and body movement
    Sensorimotor birth-2years old
  25. Related objects and events to self and begins to use symbolism and imagination
    Preoperational Thought 2-7years old
  26. Concrete problem solving and inductive reasoning
    Concrete operational thought 7-11 years old
  27. Develops ability to analytically solve problems and engage in abstract reasoning
    Formal operational thought 11+
  28. Infancy 1-12months
    How many pounds does the baby gain per month until 5 months?
    1.5 pounds
  29. Baby weights _____ by 6 months ____by 1 year of age
    Doubles and triples
  30. Babies grow how many inches per month during the first year of life ?
    1 inch per month typical length is 30-32 inches
  31. When does separation anxiety begin?
    8 months
  32. Uses senses to learn about self and environment. Have no sense of right or wrong
    Cognitive and moral development (paiget’s)
  33. How do you introduce food to babies ?
    1 food at a time, several days apart , cereal first, fruits and veggies, meats last. Watch for allergic reactions
  34. How do you reduce the risk of SIDS?
    Put infant on back to sleep and keep room well ventilated.
  35. Leading cause of injury to children?
  36. Toddlers vital signs
    • Pulse 80-120
    • BP 100-80/64
    • Temp 98-100
    • Respirations 20-30
  37. Which age group is eogitistical and impulsive ? They learn by limitations
  38. What age can kids be toilet trained ?
    18-24 months
  39. Age group for Preoperational Thought Stage
    Toddler 1-3 years old
  40. Initiative Vs Guilt
    Preschoolers 3-5 develops a sense of independence and learns from parents
  41. Preoperational Thought Stage
  42. Needs protein, calcium, and phosphorus. Begins to learn about stranger danger and playground safety
    Preschoolers 3-5
  43. 6-12 years old
    School age
  44. Growth slow and steady. Height increases 2-3 inches and weight 4-6 pounds per year
    School age 6-12
  45. Industry vs inferiority
    6-12 school age
  46. Concrete operations thought
    Thoughts become more logical and coherent. Develops problem solving and inductive reasoning. Views world more realistically. Learns what it means to be a good person
  47. Identity vs Role Confusion
    Adolescence 12-18
  48. Return to behavior typical of an earlier stage
  49. Formal operational Thought (permits abstract reasoning and analytical problem solving) search for moral code
    Adolescence 12-18
  50. Increased caloric and Protein needs..may be deficient in calcium iron and zinc
    12-18 adolescence
  51. Optimal level of functioning
    Young adult
  52. 18-40 years old
    Young adult
  53. Intimacy vs isolation
    Young adult 18-40
  54. Ability to analyze problem solve and abstract thought
    Young adult 18-40
  55. 40-65 years old
    Middle adult
  56. Hot flashes , night sweats, irritability, great tenderness , mood swings
    Menopause (40-65)
  57. Generatively(productive) vs Stagnation
    Middle adult 40-65
  58. Discrimination and prejudice against older adults
  59. Ego integrity vs Despair
  60. Sense of satisfaction with life
    Ego integrity
  61. A child born with spina bifida who is paralyzed from the waist down
  62. Sexually abused child who does not act appropriately with other children
  63. A child exposed to industrial strength pesticides and suffered brain damage
Card Set
Growth and Development