Fiction Terms

  1. protagonist
    main character, center of psychological complications, called hero/heroine, but not always heroic
  2. antagonist
    character/thing who is set up to oppose protagonist, bent upon blocking/frustrating pro.'s aims or causing them harm
  3. dynamic character
    character that changes in some fundamental way, often opposed to static characters
  4. static character
    does not exhibit complexity or change over the course of the narrative
  5. foil
    a character designed to highlight qualities of other characters, possess opposite qualities/characteristics
  6. flat character
    character with one preominant quality or purpose, does not deviate
  7. round character
    many different qualities portrayed throughout the narrative
  8. direct characterization
    narrator tells reader facts about character's lives/personalities directly
  9. indirect characterization
    • narrator reveals qualities about characters through actions and dialogue, readers make inference
    • point of view
  10. voice
    created by author, physical position as an observer
  11. first person point of view
    voice of work is "I", firsthand experience, firsthand witness, secondhand testimony and hearsay, inferential information
  12. third person point of view
    uses he, she, they
  13. third person omniscient
    all-knowing, presents action/dialogue, able to report all character's thoughts
  14. third person limited
    limits narration to actions/thoughts of main characters
  15. tone
    the character's or speaker's attitude
  16. diction
    refers to the writer's selection of words
  17. denotation
    refers to the dictionary definitions
  18. connotation
    refers to the emotions and associations of the words
  19. Setting
    work's environment; customs, culture, politics, surroundings, possessions
  20. mood or atmosphere
    emotional texture or feeling of the place, bright colors=happy, darkness=gloom/augment hysteria
  21. plot
    ground work for story, actions resulting from believable human responses to conflict, cause-effect, everything is related
  22. exposition
    laying out of materials in story
  23. rising action
    complication is the onset of the major conflict
  24. climax
    story's high point, no new major developments may follow it
  25. falling action
    things that happen as a direct result of the climax
  26. resolution
    brings things to a satisfying ending
  27. flashback
    present circumstances are explained by past events
  28. conflict
    people or circumstances a character must face and try to overcome
  29. external conflict
    opposition of two people, individual opposes larger forces
  30. internal conflict
    psychological struggle
  31. theme
    theme is heart/soul of story, essential subject, what it is about, themes are universal, complete sentence, find theme is analyzing the events, characters and subjects
  32. symbol
    creates a direct, meaningful equation between a specific object, scene, character, or action and ideas values persons, or ways of lives
  33. motif
    recurring image, phrase or symbol, relates to theme
  34. imagery
    sensory details used to describe, arouse emotion or represent abstractions, uses five senses
  35. hyperbole
    deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
  36. understatement
    ironic minimalization of fact, understatement presents something less significant, humoroes or emphatic
  37. situational irony
    opposite of what is expected happens
  38. verbal irony
    someone says something but means the opposite
  39. dramatic irony
    characters think something that audience knows is untrue
  40. metaphor
    implied comparison of seemingly unlike things, subsitution of one for the other
  41. simile
    same function as metaphor, but uses like, as, or seems
  42. oxymoron
    contradictory terms
  43. paradox
    a statement that appears to be self-contradictoy or opposed to common sense, contains some degree to truth or validity
  44. personification
    describes inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions
  45. allusion
    figure of speech that makes reference to place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art, either directly or my implication
Card Set
Fiction Terms
quiz on 9/17