Part 20 (Final Study Guide) Introduction to Urban and Industrial Integrated Pest Management

  1. Appears on all pesticide labels and indicates how potentially toxic a product is to humans and other non-target organisms
    signal word
  2. A substance in a pesticide product having no pesticidal action
    inert ingredient
  3. Have a mode of action that consists of removing or disrupting the protective, waxy outer coating of the insect cuticle
    desiccant insecticides
  4. Chemicals in a product that are responsible for the pesticidal effect
    active ingredient
  5. A synergistic chemical that enhances the effectiveness of pyrethrin and its related compounds
    piperonyl butoxide
  6. 24-hour hotline set up by pesticide manufacturers to provide emergency information
    CHEMTREC
  7. The degree of danger involved in exposure to the pesticide as it is used
    hazard
  8. Must enter the digestive tract of the animal to bring about lethal effects
    stomach poisons
  9. The amount of technical pesticide which will kill one-half of a group of test animals
    LD50
  10. A gradual buildup of chemical concentrations in the body over time resulting in a sudden onset of poisoning symptoms
    chronic toxicity
  11. The innate (natural) capacity of a chemical to be poisonous at some level
    toxicity
  12. The way in which active and inert ingredients are prepared for sale to the user
    formulation
  13. Any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pests
    pesticide
  14. Indicates (on all pesticide labels) how potentially dangerous the product is
    signal word
  15. Materials normally with little toxicity when used alone, but when combined with another active ingredient that will increase the effectiveness of an insecticide
    synergist
  16. A chemical that aids in suspending one liquid in another
    emulsifier
  17. People with extreme concern about the use of pesticides or other chemicals
    chemophobic
  18. The degree of danger involved in exposure to the pesticide as it is used
    hazard
  19. The behavior of an organism exhibiting fear or caution to a new object
    neophobic
  20. A classification based on the form that technical grade pesticides may be manufactured into
    formulation
  21. Crack and crevice application is the best method for applying insecticides for German cockroach management. Please list three (3) reasons why this is true.
    • - insects spend a lot of time there
    • - safer, more controlled application
    • - less environmental contamination
    • - less risk to nontargets
    • - lower cost
    • - insecticide is protected and last longer
  22. Name the three (3) species of commensal rodents that are of significant importance to pest management professionals.
    House mouse

    Black Rat

    Brown Rat
  23. Name three (3) means of communication used by termites.
    Sound

    Pheromones

    Trophallaxis
  24. List two (2) advantages and two (2) disadvantages of using dusts in pest management programs.
    • Advantages: Ready to use, no mixing.
    • Exceptional residual when active ingredient dry.
    • Disadvantages: takes experience to apply correctly.
    • Visible residues possible.
    • Difficult to control dispersal of dust particles to non-target areas.
  25. Give three (3) examples of mechanical alteration used in subterranean termite control.
    • - concrete or metal barriers
    • - remove cellulose debris
    • - eliminate moisture
    • - improve ventilation
    • - eliminate wood to soil contact
    • - wood replacement
    • - termite shields
  26. Techniques for using rodent baits are generally similar for rats and mice, but there are important differences. List three (3) baiting techniques for rats and three (3) techniques for mice.
    • Techniques for baiting mice:
    • Numerous bait placements containing small amounts of bait.
    • Place baits near exterior openings where mice are suspected of entering, or next to all doorways within building that remain open. 
    • Establish permanent bait stations in commercial facilities.
    • Place bait directly between suspected mouse harborage and food sources.
    • Place baits in favorite feeding locations: corners within rooms, cabinets, and appliances.
    • Install baits in warm areas.
    • Use mouse-size bait boxes.
    • Space bait placements 8-12 ft. apart.
    • At each follow-up visit, move existing bait placements not being visited 5 ft. in another direction to intercept different mouse territories.
    • Bait in 3D format.
    • Bait test with 3-4 different formulations.
    • Keep baits fresh.

    • Techniques for baiting rats:
    • Remove food sources prior to installing baits.
    • Space baits from 15 to 50 feet apart, closer for severe infestations.
    • Place baits between rat harborage and their food sources.
    • When baiting rat burrows, use loose pellet bait or crumbled blocks.
    • Burrows shouldn't be caved in until seven days after baiting, and rebait any reopen burrows. 
    • Once bait stations are in place and in use, they should not be changed or moved.
    • Adult rats can consume 2 ounces of food nightly, provide enough to allow all rats to obtain a lethal dose.
    • For first generation anticoagulants to be affective, rodents may need to feed on the bait several times over several days. Make bait available until all feeding activity ceases.
    • The quantity of bait used for placement, and correct spacing between each bait station are both essential for successful baiting programs. The label dosage rates of the rodenticide product should be accurately followed.
    • For baiting in damp locations, bait blocks that offer maximum weather ability should be used and potentially wired down.
    • Rats require 1/2 to one fluid ounce of water daily, in dry situations, liquid baits maybe used.
    • When conducting fresh food baiting programs place the baits during the late afternoon to ensure freshness.
  27. List two (2) advantages of using an IGR over another insecticidal compound.
    • disrupt growth and development
    • low toxicity to mammals
    • sterilize insects
    • can be used when insects are resistant to other chemicals
  28. Name the three (3) ways pesticides can enter a person's body.
    Inhalation

    Absorption

    Ingestion
  29. Anticoagulant baits make excellent rodenticides because
    a.)rodents do not develop bait-shyness

    b.)they are relatively low in hazard to people and pets

    c.)antidotes are available

    d.)rodents die very quickly
    a.)rodents do not develop bait-shyness

    b.)they are relatively low in hazard to people and pets

    c.)antidotes are available
  30. Identifying features of insects include:
    a.)a cephalothorax

    b.)three pairs of legs

    c.)one pair of antennae

    d.)an exoskeleton
    b.)three pairs of legs

    c.)one pair of antennae

    d.)an exoskeleton
  31. A wettable powder formulation:
    a.)provides a better residual on porous surfaces than an emulsifiable concentrate formulation

    b.)is highly toxic to plants

    c.)requires frequent agitation in the spray tank

    d.)can leave a visible residue on the dark surfaces after
    a.)provides a better residual on porous surfaces than an emulsifiable concentrate formulation

    c.)requires frequent agitation in the spray tank

    d.)can leave a visible residue on the dark surfaces after
  32. The most common harborage for German cockroaches is:
    a.)high on walls and ceilings

    b.)in cracks and crevices

    c.)on tabletops

    d.)outdoors
    b.)in cracks and crevices
  33. Flies of importance to pest management professionals:
    a.)include many that are not blood feeders

    b.)have three stages in their life cycle

    c.)frequently breed in decaying vegetable matter

    d.)include dragonflies
    a.)include many that are not blood feeders

    c.)frequently breed in decaying vegetable matter
  34. The successful management of ants often requires an exact identification of the species involved because:

    a.)ants have a wide variety of feeding habits

    b.)ants are resistant to most insecticides

    c.)professionals need to know where to search for the nest

    d.)ants are smarter than other insects
    a.)ants have a wide variety of feeding habits

    c.)professionals need to know where to search for the nest
  35. Insect growth regulators:

    a.)can cause sterilization if immature stages receive a sufficient dose

    b.)include materials such as methoprene, hydroprene, and pyroproxyfen

    c.)have low LD50 values and therefore are highly toxic to mammals

    d.)generally have very little toxicity to mammals
    a.)can cause sterilization if immature stages receive a sufficient dose

    b.)include materials such as methoprene, hydroprene, and pyroproxyfen

    d.)generally have very little toxicity to mammals
  36. Encephalitis:


    a.)is easily diagnosed in humans

    b.)outbreaks occur in early spring

    c.)is caused by viruses that attack the central nervous system

    d.)is vectored by several species of mosquitoes
    c.)is caused by viruses that attack the central nervous system

    d.)is vectored by several species of mosquitoes
  37. Second generation anticoagulants:
    a.)cause death only after multiple feedings

    b.)may cause death after a single feeding

    c.)are not effective for controlling mice

    d.)can kill rodents resistant to first generation anticoagulants
    b.)may cause death after a single feeding

    d.)can kill rodents resistant to first generation anticoagulants
  38. When inspecting the premises where a pest problem exists, the customer should be questioned to determine:
    a.)the kinds of pests

    b.)pest location

    c.)damage that has occurred

    d.)length of time pests have been present
    a.)the kinds of pests

    b.)pest location

    c.)damage that has occurred

    d.)length of time pests have been present
  39. Light-attracted pests:


    a.)are never considered a problem by people

    b.)include some beetles

    c.)are difficult to control because those killed are usually quickly replaced by new arrivals

    d.)are less attracted to yellow light
    b.)include some beetles

    c.)are difficult to control because those killed are usually quickly replaced by new arrivals

    d.)are less attracted to yellow light
  40. Termites are true social insects. This means that:

    a.)they get along well with other insects

    b.)division of labor exists within the colony

    c.)termites have a well developed ability to communicate using pheromones

    d.)there are several different castes within the colony
    a.)they get along well with other insects

    b.)division of labor exists within the colony

    c.)termites have a well developed ability to communicate using pheromones

    d.)there are several different castes within the colony
  41. Crack and crevice treatments:


    a.)are the best treatment method for cockroach management

    b.)can reduce exposure to non-target organisms

    c.)are safer, more controlled applications

    d.)result in the insecticide's being placed exactly where the insect spends its time
    a.)are the best treatment method for cockroach management

    b.)can reduce exposure to non-target organisms

    c.)are safer, more controlled applications

    d.)result in the insecticide's being placed exactly where the insect spends its time
  42. Termite tubes (mud tubes):

    a.)conceal the termites

    b.)provide the termites a moist environment

    c.)protect the termites from enemies

    d.)collect decaying wood
    a.)conceal the termites

    b.)provide the termites a moist environment

    c.)protect the termites from enemies
  43. Cockroaches grow and mature via gradual metamorphosis. This means:

    a.)a larval stage exists during development

    b.)the nymphs resemble the adults

    c.)nymphs have wings and genitalia

    d.)there are three developmental stages in the cockroach lifecycle
    b.)the nymphs resemble the adults

    d.)there are three developmental stages in the cockroach lifecycle
  44. Ticks:

    a.)feed exclusively on blood

    b.)may withstand long periods without feeding

    c.)have four pairs of legs in all stages of their life cycle

    d.)are all about the same size as mites
    a.)feed exclusively on blood

    b.)may withstand long periods without feeding
  45. Cockroach management requires the development of a complete program that includes the following procedures:

    a.)inspection and survey

    b.)sanitation

    c.)non-chemical and chemical controls

    d.)client education and follow-up
    a.)inspection and survey

    b.)sanitation

    c.)non-chemical and chemical controls

    d.)client education and follow-up
  46. Avitrol is a bait commonly used in bird management programs. This bait:

    a.)produces distress symptoms in affected birds, which frightens the flock

    b.)may be blended at various rations depending on the desired mortality level

    c.)produces secondary poisoning

    d.)will not kill birds
    a.)produces distress symptoms in affected birds, which frightens the flock

    b.)may be blended at various rations depending on the desired mortality level
  47. Sprayer pressure for the compressed air sprayer

    a.)should be maintained at high pressures, especially for crack and crevice applications

    b.)affects the amount of insecticide applied

    c.)can be monitored using a pressure gauge

    d.)is of little importance for most applications
    b.)affects the amount of insecticide applied

    c.)can be monitored using a pressure gauge
  48. Bats:

    a.)may be infected with rabies, but the percentage infected is low

    b.)are blind

    c.)are the only mammals capable of flight

    d.)often attack people and get tangled in their hair
    a.)may be infected with rabies, but the percentage infected is low

    c.)are the only mammals capable of flight
  49. An integrated pest management approach to rodent control includes:

    a.)rodent proofing (exclusion)

    b.)population reduction

    c.)rodent inspection

    d.)sanitation
    a.)rodent proofing (exclusion)

    b.)population reduction

    c.)rodent inspection

    d.)sanitation
  50. Control of hornets and yellow jackets should be attempted during nighttime hours because:

    a.)there is less chance of damaging plants

    b.)most professional prefer working at night

    c.)these insects aggressively defend their nests during the daytime

    d.)the whole colony is in the nest
    c.)these insects aggressively defend their nests during the daytime

    d.)the whole colony is in the nest
  51. When inspecting for drywood termites:

    a.)wooden furnishings in the home need not be checked

    b.)look for plugs in entrance and exit holes used by the termites

    c.)the building perimeter should be checked carefully

    d.)tap the wood to detect hollow galleries
    b.)look for plugs in entrance and exit holes used by the termites

    c.)the building perimeter should be checked carefully

    d.)tap the wood to detect hollow galleries
  52. An insect's antennae:

    a.)are never useful for insect identification

    b.)function in touch, smell, and in some cases, hearing

    c.)are sense organs found on the head

    d.)help in insect breathing
    b.)function in touch, smell, and in some cases, hearing

    c.)are sense organs found on the head
  53. An active or fresh rat burrow:

    a.)is covered over with spider webs

    b.)usually has fresh soil near the burrow entrance

    c.)appears the same as an inactive burrow

    d.)may be identified by stuffing wads of paper into the opening and rechecking the next day
    b.)usually has fresh soil near the burrow entrance

    d.)may be identified by stuffing wads of paper into the opening and rechecking the next day
  54. Cat fleas:

    a.)are found on domestic animals such as cats and dogs

    b.)are intermediate hosts of the dog tapeworm, Dipylidium caninum

    c.)can cause a skin reaction in humans when they bite

    d.)prefer undisturbed areas where debris accumulates
    a.)are found on domestic animals such as cats and dogs

    b.)are intermediate hosts of the dog tapeworm, Dipylidium caninum

    c.)can cause a skin reaction in humans when they bite

    d.)prefer undisturbed areas where debris accumulates
  55. Mothproofing:

    a.)is the same thing as moth control

    b.)of clothing should not be done by a pest management professional

    c.)is often accomplished during the manufacture of woolen items

    d.)does not give permanent protection
    b.)of clothing should not be done by a pest management professional

    c.)is often accomplished during the manufacture of woolen items

    d.)does not give permanent protection
  56. Cockroaches have a gradual metamorphosis. Life stages in their development include:

    a.)pupa

    b.)egg

    c.)larva

    d.)nymph
    b.)egg

    d.)nymph
  57. Mosquitoes

    a.)can be important carriers of disease organisms

    b.)in the pupal stage, posses respiratory tubes for breathing

    c.)can be distinguished easily from all other flies by their size

    d.)do not need to be properly identified for effective control
    a.)can be important carriers of disease organisms

    b.)in the pupal stage, posses respiratory tubes for breathing
  58. The severity of an individual's reaction to a black widow spider bite depends on the:

    a.)area on the body where the bite occurs

    b.)person's size and sensitivity

    c.)amount of venom injected

    d.)depth of bite
    a.)area on the body where the bite occurs

    b.)person's size and sensitivity

    c.)amount of venom injected

    d.)depth of bite
  59. Tamper-resistant bait boxes help:

    a.)keep baits attractive to rodents by protecting bait from dirt

    b.)decrease the chance of accidental spillage

    c.)minimize contact between people, pets, and wildlife, and the rodenticide

    d.)by encouraging rodents to feed on the baits
    a.)keep baits attractive to rodents by protecting bait from dirt

    b.)decrease the chance of accidental spillage

    c.)minimize contact between people, pets, and wildlife, and the rodenticide

    d.)by encouraging rodents to feed on the baits
  60. It is important to know the type of mouthparts pest insects have because this knowledge:

    a.)may indicate where to find the insect by looking for a suitable food source

    b.)may indicate to you how it reproduces

    c.)may help in identifying the insect

    d.)may tell something about the food habits of the insect
    a.)may indicate where to find the insect by looking for a suitable food source

    c.)may help in identifying the insect

    d.)may tell something about the food habits of the insect
  61. When managing urban pest birds:

    a.)check to see if the birds are protected by any laws

    b.)use the least expensive method of control, regardless of hazard

    c.)sanitation seldom has an impact on the bird population

    d.)conduct a thorough survey
    a.)check to see if the birds are protected by any laws

    d.)conduct a thorough survey
  62. Carpet beetles:

    a.)are found only in bird nests

    b.)when they are in the adult stage, damage woolens

    c.)undergo incomplete metamorphosis

    d.)as a group, are considered more economically important than clothes moths
    d.)as a group, are considered more economically important than clothes moths
  63. Advantages of using a dust formulation include:

    a.)it is easy to apply the correct amount

    b.)it leaves no visible residue on surfaces

    c.)long term residual control

    d.)it is ready to use, with no mixing required
    c.)long term residual control

    d.)it is ready to use, with no mixing required
  64. A self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)

    a.)can be fitted with tanks that supply up to 60 minutes of air

    b.)maintains a slightly positive pressure of air inside the face piece, helping prevent contaminated air from seeping in

    c.)supplies a clean supply of air from a self-contained tank carried on the wearer's back

    d.)is equipped with filters that clean the air from the surrounding atmosphere
    a.)can be fitted with tanks that supply up to 60 minutes of air

    b.)maintains a slightly positive pressure of air inside the face piece, helping prevent contaminated air from seeping in

    c.)supplies a clean supply of air from a self-contained tank carried on the wearer's back
  65. Powderpost beetles are wood destroying pests which:

    a.)are damaging only in the adult stage

    b.)infest dry, seasoned wood

    c.)belong to the families Lyctidae, Bostrichidae, and Anobiidae

    d.)may enter a structure through the use of infested lumber
    b.)infest dry, seasoned wood

    c.)belong to the families Lyctidae, Bostrichidae, and Anobiidae

    d.)may enter a structure through the use of infested lumber
  66. To help protect wood from wood-destroying beetles, it is recommended that the moisture content of the wood not exceed:

    a.)20 percent

    b.)10 percent

    c.)15 percent

    d.)5 percent
    a.)20 percent
  67. List the life stages for insects having complete metamorphosis, no metamorphosis (ie. Without metamorphosis), and gradual metamorphosis.
    • Complete metamorphosis:  egg, larva, pupa, adult. 
    • No metamorphosis: egg, young, adult. 
    • Gradual metamorphosis:  egg, nymph, adult.
Author
Demoniac38
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351523
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Part 20 (Final Study Guide) Introduction to Urban and Industrial Integrated Pest Management
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Final study guide
Updated