BEES WASPS ANTS PHE

  1. BEES WASPS
    Most encounters with venomous arthropods involve stings
    from ants, wasps, and bees, most of which
    do not require professional medical treatment.
  2. BEES WASPS
    Honey bee stings were recorded
    4 times as frequently as vespid stings.
  3. BEES WASPS
    Insect stings, primarily due to WHAT, were the single most
    common cause of nonfatal injuries following Hurricane
    Hugo, which hit the southeastern coast of the United States
    in 1993 (Brewer et al., 1994).
    YELLOWJACKETS
  4. BEES WASPS
    are believed to cause about half of the
    annually reported human deaths due to hymenopteran
    stings in the United States (Schmidt, 1992).
    HONEY BEES
  5. BEES WASPS
    stings to the lips and nose are typically more
    painful than stings to the
    • upper arms and head (Smith,
    • 2014).
  6. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Although most ant stings are painful, those of
    Paraponera BULLET ANT and Pogonomyrmex spp. are especially noteworthy.
  7. BEES WASPS ANTS
    when a hypersensitized individual is stung again, the im-
    mune system
    overreacts to the presence of the same venom proteins.
  8. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Deaths from hymenopterous stings are usually due to
    respiratory failure (70%).
  9. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Family members of beekeepers can develop an
    intense allergy to constituents of honey bee venom while
    laundering venom-impregnated garments.
  10. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Embedded stings should be removed as
    soon as possible to
    stop any further venom injection.
  11. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Thesting apparatus should be scraped off as close as possible
    to the skin surface, not pinched off, as the latter tends to
    squeeze more venom into the sting site.
  12. BEES WASPS ANTS
    The sting site should be
    washed with soap and water to minimize the possibility of secondary infection.
  13. BEES WASPS ANTS
    People with suspected or known venom hypersensitiv-
    ity should be evaluated by an allergist-immunologist using
    • skin testing or in vitro testing for specific venom IgE an-
    • tibodies in the blood serum (Golden et al., 2017).
  14. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Most physicians recommend that persons with demon-
    strated hypersensitivity wear
    an identification tag and carry a small emergency sting kit containing antihistamines and a syringe of epinephrine.
  15. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Some ant species are intermediate hosts for
    parasitic helminths of vertebrates.
  16. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Formica spp. are intermediate hosts for the lancet fluke (Dicrocoelium dendriticum), which infests the
    bile ducts of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, dogs, and occasionally humans.
  17. BEES WASPS ANTS
    Pavement ant workers and Pheidole ants serve as intermediate hosts of
    the poultry
    tapeworms Raillietina tetragona
Author
ianquinto
ID
351480
Card Set
BEES WASPS ANTS PHE
Description
BEES WASPS ANTS PHE
Updated