BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK PHE

  1. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    name blacklegged refers to their dark legs which are in contrast to the paler body and that of
    deer because the preferred adult host is the white-tailed deer
  2. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Powassan encephalitis is caused by BLANK virus
    Powassan virus.
  3. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Borrelia miyamotoi is an infection causing illness, with a distribution similar to that of BLANK BLANK
    Lyme disease.
  4. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    it is an important vector of BLANK BLANK, anaplasmosis, human babesiosis, Powassan encephalitis, etc.
    Lyme disease
  5. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    it is an important vector of Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, BLANK, Powassan encephalitis, etc.
    human babesiosis
  6. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    it is an important vector of Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, human babesiosis, BLANK, etc.
    Powassan encephalitis
  7. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    In 2014, the CDC reported that about NUMBER Americans are reported with Lyme disease every year.
    30,000
  8. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    BLANK (mouthparts and their base) visible from above; hypostome (toothed median mouthpart) with apex sharply pointed.
    Capitulum
  9. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Capitulum (mouthparts and their base) visible from above; BLANK (toothed median mouthpart) with apex sharply pointed.
    hypostome
  10. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Adult ticks feed during the SEASON primarily on the white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann).
    winter
  11. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Adult ticks feed during the winter primarily on the BLANK, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann).
    white tailed deer
  12. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    In the SEASON the female drops off the host and deposits about 3,000 eggs.
    spring
  13. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    The BLANK larvae hatch out in several weeks (48-135 days) and can be found June through September.
    6 legged larvae
  14. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    larvae feed for 3-9 days but only BLANK, usually on small mammals such as mice, chipmunks, voles, etc.
    • once
    • but the preferred larval host is the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus Rafinesque.
  15. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Larvae feeding before September molt promptly and overwinter as BLANK nymphs;
    8 legged
  16. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    The male dies after mating but the female continues to feed until egg development is completed and remains on the deer until SEASON when she drops off to lay eggs.
    spring
  17. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Shortly after BLANK, the female dies.
    her eggs are laid
  18. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    If adults do not feed during their BLANK (autumn through spring), they die before summer’s end.
    first season
  19. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    If nymphs do not feed their BLANK (summer), most die off but they can survive through 2 seasons (May through August of the next year);
    they develop into adults in the same year in which they feed.
    first season
  20. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Unfed larvae survive less than BLANK, they usually survive the winter but die during the following year.
    one year
  21. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Lyme disease is caused by the s_BLANK, Borrelia burgdorferi ...which is a corkscrew-shaped bacteria.
    spirochete
  22. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Lyme disease is caused by the spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi ...which is a SHAPED bacteria.
    corkscrew
  23. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Borrelia burgdorferi = bacteria causing
    bacteria causing Lyme disease
  24. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Borrelia burgdorferi primary wild reservoir is the BLANK BLANK mouse, which is infected by the blacklegged/deer tick nymphs.
    white-footed mouse which is infected by the blacklegged/deer tick nymphs.
  25. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Borrelia burgdorferi primary wild reservoir is the white footed mouse,
    which is infected by the blacklegged/deer tick BLANK
    white-footed mouse which is infected by the blacklegged/deer tick nymphs.
  26. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    These white-footed mice then serve to infest the later-feeding
    blacklegged/deer tick BLANK, which keeps the disease cycle going.
    blacklegged/deer tick larvae, which keeps the disease cycle going.
  27. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Tick eggs don’t contain the Borrelia burgdorferi spirochete, so it is acquired via BLANK
    feeding
  28. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    blacklegged/deer tick BLANK are most active in mid-summer, and use a wide variety of hosts, that are
    responsible for Lyme disease in the northeast and midwest.
    nymphs
  29. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    blacklegged/deer tick nymphs are most active in SEASON, and use a wide variety of hosts, that are
    responsible for Lyme disease in the northeast and midwest.
    mid summer
  30. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    blacklegged/deer tick nymphs are most active in mid-summer, and use a wide variety of hosts, that are
    responsible for Lyme disease in the REGION AND REGION.
    northeast and midwest
  31. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    In the west, the primary Lyme disease vector is the
    Ixodes pacificus = BLANK BLACK LEGGED TICK
    Pacific/western blacklegged tick, Ixodes pacificus
  32. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    In the south, the vector(s) of a Lyme-like disease (caused by Borrelia lonestari) is suspected to be the
    lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (Linnaeus), but it is questionable if it is the primary vector.
  33. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    BLANK and ehrlichiosis are caused by rickettsiae that primarily infect circulating leukocytes.
    Anaplasmosis
  34. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Anaplasmosis and BLANK are caused by rickettsiae that primarily infect circulating leukocytes.
    ehrlichiosis
  35. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Anaplasma [formerly Ehrlichia] phagocytophilum is the causative agent of
    human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA; formerly HGE) and infects granulocytes.
  36. Anaplasma [formerly Ehrlichia] phagocytophilum
    Symptoms include
    fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, nausea, and vomiting.
  37. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    BLANK is a tick-borne disease caused by two protozoa in the family Piroplasmordia: Babesia microti (a rodent parasite) and Babesia divergens (a cattle parasite).
    Human babesiois
  38. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    BLANK Symptoms similar malaria... disease can be fatal in 5% of cases and can be transmitted via blood transfusions.
    Human babesiois
  39. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Human babesiois Symptoms similar BLANK... disease can be fatal in 5% of cases and can be transmitted via blood transfusions.
    malaria
  40. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Human babesiois Symptoms similar malaria... disease can be fatal in 5% of cases and can be transmitted via BLANK
    blood transfusions
  41. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Human babesiois Symptoms similar malaria... disease can be fatal in 5% of cases and can be transmitted via blood transfusions.
  42. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    A favorite feeding area is at the BLANK; BLANK makes detection more difficult.
    • back of the neck, at the base of the skull
    • long hair
  43. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    However, the ticks will usually crawl about for up to HOURS or so before they attach.
    4 hours
  44. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Then, a tick has to be attached for a period of HOURS before a successful transmission can take place.
    6 to 8 hours
  45. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    (c) wear light colored clothing which makes spotting ticks easier;
    light colored
  46. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    (e) encourage the vet to check any pet’s blood to determine if they are carrying the Lyme disease spirochete.
    blood
  47. BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Inspection, is done by performing a tick drag on a routine basis in areas where the ticks have been reported or for homes adjacent to heavily wooded or
    uninhabited areas.

    BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK
    Do an exterior perimeter rodent control program using
    PVC pipe with a glue board placed inside.
Author
ianquinto
ID
351381
Card Set
BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK PHE
Description
BLACKLEGGED DEER TICK PHE
Updated