MOSQUITOES PHE 02

  1. MOSQUITOES
    with palps about as long as proboscis/beak and rests with body and proboscis in one plane or axis which is at an angle to the surface.

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Anopheles
  2. MOSQUITOES
    with palps much shorter than proboscis and rests with body and proboscis in 2 different planes (at an obtuse angle to each other) and body resting on the surface.

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Aedes
  3. MOSQUITOES

    with palps much shorter than proboscis and rests with body and proboscis in 2 different planes and body up off but parallel to the surface.

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Culex
  4. MOSQUITOES
    Yellowfever mosquito,
    Aedes aegypti
  5. MOSQUITOES
    Aeges aeypti and Aedes Albopictus both have dark COLOR to black with silvery white markings
    brown
  6. MOSQUITOES
    Aeges aeypti and Aedes Albopictus both have dark brown to black with COLOR white markings
    silvery
  7. MOSQUITOES
    Aeges aeypti and Aedes Albopictus both have dark brown to black with silvery COLOR markings
    white
  8. MOSQUITOES
    Aeges aeypti and Aedes Albopictus both have dark brown to COLOR with silvery white markings
    black
  9. MOSQUITOES AEDES AEGYPTI
    dorsum of thorax with 2 outer curved and 2 median parallel marks forming a
    SHAPED pattern, tarsal segments ringed with white only on basal portion of segments, and abdomen with a
    dorsal narrow white basal band on each segment
    lyre-shaped pattern
  10. MOSQUITOES AEDES ALBOPICTUS
    dorsum of thorax with a single median silver-white stripe, tarsal segments BLANK with white, and
    abdominal segments with a narrow dorsal white basal band
    ringed
  11. MOSQUITOES
    Yellow fever/Aedes aeypti breed in
    shaded artificial containers
  12. MOSQUITOES
    Asian tiger or forest day mosquito
    Aedes albopictus
  13. MOSQUITOES
    Asian tiger/Aedes albopictus breed in
    artificial containers
  14. MOSQUITOES
    Floodwater mosquito, Ochlerotatus stictcus breed in
    flood pool
  15. MOSQUITOES
    saltmarsh mosquito, Ochlerotatus sollicitans breed in
    salt marshes and saline areas
  16. MOSQUITOES
    Vexans or inland floodwater mosquito, Aedes vexans breed in
    temporary pools
  17. MOSQUITOES
    Common malaria mosquito,
    Anopheles quadrimaculatus
  18. MOSQUITOES
    Common malaria mosquito, Anopheles quadrimaculatus breed in
    permanent freshwater
  19. MOSQUITOES
    Northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens breed in
    artificial containers, ditches, storm sewer catch basins, and polluted water
  20. MOSQUITOES
    Southern house mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus breed in
    artificial containers, ditches, storm sewer catch basins, and polluted water
  21. MOSQUITOES
    Encephalitis mosquito,
    Culex tarsalis
  22. MOSQUITOES
    Encephalitis mosquito, Culex tarsalis breed in
    temporary pools
  23. MOSQUITOES
    Mosquitoes are commonly separated into 3 groups based on
    where and how their eggs are laid.
  24. MOSQUITOES
    After a blood meal, the female will
    lay her eggs
  25. MOSQUITOES
    lay eggs singly on water, eggs with floats, usually hatch within a few days

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Anopheles
  26. MOSQUITOES
    lay eggs in rafts on water with up to 100+ eggs per raft, usually hatch within a few days

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Culex
  27. MOSQUITOES
    lay eggs singly in semi-dry places such as moist soil near water

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
  28. MOSQUITOES
    lay eggs singly in semi-dry places such as moist soil near water

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
  29. MOSQUITOES
    eggs do not hatch until water has risen and inundated them

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
  30. MOSQUITOES
    eggs can lie dormant for 3-5 years

    Anopheles
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
    Culex
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
  31. MOSQUITOES
    All larvae live in water and go through NUMBER instars and NUMBER molts
    4 instars and 4 molts
  32. MOSQUITOES
    Larvae of most species SPECIES take in air through a breathing (siphon) located on the 8th abdominal segment which
    penetrates the water surface while they float at an angle just below the surface
    (e.g. Aedes, Culex, Ochlerotatus, etc.)
  33. MOSQUITOES
    Larvae of most species (e.g. Aedes, Culex, Ochlerotatus, etc.) take in air through a breathing (siphon) located on the 8th abdominal segment which
    penetrates the water surface while they _
    float at an angle just below the surface
  34. MOSQUITOES
    Other species SPECIES have a spiracular plate on the 8th abdominal segment which penetrates the surface while they float parallel to and just below the surface, their buoyancy enhanced by clusters of float hairs (palmate hairs) on some abdominal segments.
    (e.g. Anopheles)
  35. MOSQUITOES
    Other species (e.g. Anopheles) have a spiracular plate on the 8th abdominal segment which penetrates the surface while they _, their buoyancy enhanced by clusters of float hairs (palmate hairs) on some abdominal segments.
    float parallel to and just below the surface
  36. MOSQUITOES
    Other species (e.g. Anopheles) have a spiracular plate on the 8th abdominal segment which penetrates the surface while they float parallel to and just below the surface, their buoyancy enhanced by
    clusters of float hairs (palmate hairs) on some abdominal segments.
  37. MOSQUITOES
    pupae live in _ and are very active
    water
  38. MOSQUITOES
    pupae live in water and are _
    very active
  39. MOSQUITOES
    pupae of most species breathe through a pair of respiratory trumpets located on the dorsal thoracic surface which penetrate the water surface while they
    float just below the surface
  40. MOSQUITOES
    At the end of the pupal stage, while at the water’s surface, the pupal skin splits open and the adult...
    works its way out and onto the surface of the water, briefly dries and flies away
  41. MOSQUITOES
    a common mosquito-transmitted filarial parasite of dogs and is a serious problem from Minnesota to Illinois to Texas and eastward.
    dog heartworm , Dirofilaria immitis
  42. MOSQUITOES
    Although quite active, the pupae do not
    feed
  43. MOSQUITOES
    Females require DAYS to digest a blood meal, lay a batch of eggs, and then seek another blood meal.
    2 days
  44. MOSQUITOES
    flight range of mosquitoes varies with the _, temperature, wind direction, time of year, and distance to blood meal sources.
    species
  45. MOSQUITOES
    flight range of mosquitoes varies with the species, _, wind direction, time of year, and distance to blood meal sources.
    temperature
  46. MOSQUITOES
    flight range of mosquitoes varies with the species, temperature, _ , time of year, and distance to blood meal sources.
    wind direction
  47. MOSQUITOES
    flight range of mosquitoes varies with the species, temperature, wind direction, _ , and distance to blood meal sources.
    time of year
  48. MOSQUITOES
    flight range of mosquitoes varies with the species, temperature, wind direction, time of year, and _
    distance to blood meal sources
  49. MOSQUITOES
    Most medically important species bite at dusk and dawn (BLANK) and also during the night (nocturnal)
    crepuscular
  50. MOSQUITOES
    Several species of medical importance bite only during the daytime (diurnal) such as
    Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus), and one species, the yellowfever mosquito (Aedes aegypti)
  51. MOSQUITOES
    Some species which normally do not bite during daytime will do so if disturbed, for instance by someone
    walking through high grass on which they are harboring.
  52. MOSQUITOES
    The family
    Culicidae
  53. MOSQUITOES
    The family
  54. MOSQUITOES
    two subfamilies:
    Anophelinae and Culicinae
  55. MOSQUITOES
    The eggs of most mosquitoes are SHAPES
    elongate, ovoid, or spindle-shaped; others are spherical or rhomboid
  56. MOSQUITOES
    The chorions of Anopheles species have unique, transparent air-filled compartments flanking the egg that serve as
    floats
  57. MOSQUITOES
    Mosquito larvae, commonly known as
    wigglers or wrigglers
  58. MOSQUITOES
    In culicines, the spiracles open at the end of the respiratory
    BLANK, an elongate air tube extending dorsally
    SIPHON
  59. MOSQUITOES
    Projecting from the dorsal mesothorax is a pair
    of respiratory tubes, or BLANK, through which the
    pupa obtains oxygen at the water surface.
    AIR TRUMPETS
  60. MOSQUITOES
    larvae come to the surface for air only occasionally, or
    not at all
  61. MOSQUITOES
    The pupa spends nearly all of its time at the
    water surface
  62. MOSQUITOES
    In most species, females are anautogenous, the egg follicles remaining in the resting stage until
    a bloodmeal is taken
  63. MOSQUITOES
    Eggs that are laid on or in water generally are not resistant
    to BLANK and hatch shortly after embryonation,
    provided that they are wet and not too cold
    dessication
  64. MOSQUITOES
    Mosquito larvae are not buoyant and must, at rest, be
    suspended at the surface by BLANK that cling to the surface tension while obtaining
    oxygen directly from the air.
    special hairs and spiracular structures
  65. MOSQUITOES
    pupae BLANK when disturbed
    dive
  66. MOSQUITOES
    pupae normally remain BLANK at the
    water surface with the tips of their thoracic air trumpets in
    contact with the air
    MOTIONLESS
  67. MOSQUITOES
    BLANK starts soon after emergence, usually
    before females begin responding to host stimuli
    SUGAR FEEDING
  68. MOSQUITOES
    Blood-feeding by female mosquitoes rarely begins until
    at least DAYS TO DAYS after adult emergence, and often not until
    after mating and sugar-feeding
    1 to 3 days
  69. MOSQUITOES
    The interval of time between bloodmeals, an important
    component of pathogen transmission, is determined by
    two things:

    BLANK

    the duration of the cycle.
    • the occurrence of supplementary bloodmeals
    • within the gonotrophic cycle and
  70. MOSQUITOES
    The interval of time between bloodmeals, an important
    component of pathogen transmission, is determined by
    two things:

    the occurrence of supplementary bloodmeals
    within the gonotrophic cycle and

    BLANK
    the duration of the cycle.
  71. MOSQUITOES
    Eggs laid out of water:
    distribute eggs of a single clutch individually among
    several widely scattered potential development sites,

    Aedes
    Culex
    Anopheles

    BLANK
    AEDES
  72. MOSQUITOES
    Eggs placed on or in water:
    lay the entire clutch in a clump at one site while
    standing on the water surface or on floating vegetation.

    Aedes
    Culex
    Anopheles
    CULEX
  73. MOSQUITOES
    Eggs dropped onto water:
    oviposit aerially while hovering.

    Aedes
    Culex
    Anopheles
    ANOPHELES
  74. MOSQUITOES
    a physiological state of arrested development that is induced
    or broken only by specific environmental cues
    DIAPAUSE
  75. MOSQUITOES
    BLANK transmission of virions occurs from
    the female mosquito to her progeny, and females of the
    next generation can transmit the virus orally without having
    become infected by a prior bloodmeal
    TRANSOVARIAL
  76. MOSQUITOES
    the infection of vertebrate tissues by
    nematodes or roundworms
    FILARIASIS
  77. MOSQUITOES
    Direct-hatching eggs are laid on top of
    shallow standing water and hatch
  78. MOSQUITOES
    Direct-hatching eggs are laid on top of shallow standing water
    species in the genus BLANK
    Culex.
  79. MOSQUITOES
    Delayed-hatching eggs are laid on moist substrates in sites where
    standing water existed previously.
  80. MOSQUITOES
    Delayed-hatching eggs are dormant and must experience a period of BLANK before they are capable of hatching
    dryness before they are capable of hatching.
  81. MOSQUITOES
    Delayed-hatching eggs, genus BLANK
    Aedes vexans
  82. MOSQUITOES
    Mosquito larvae, or "BLANK,"
    wigglers
  83. MOSQUITOES
    Mosquito larvae are categorized as
    filter feeders, grazers, or predators.
  84. MOSQUITOES
    Filter feeders have mouthparts that
    rotate rapidly to produce water currents from which the mouthparts filter out food particles in suspension.
  85. MOSQUITOES
    Grazers feed by scraping off
    bacteria and algae growing on aquatic substrates.
  86. MOSQUITOES
    Larvae of several species of mosquitoes are predators that feed on the
    larvae of other mosquitoes.
  87. MOSQUITOES
    Mosquito pupae, or
    "tumblers,"
  88. MOSQUITOES
    Mosquito pupae
    typically require water in which to
    complete the transformation to the adult stage.
  89. MOSQUITOES
    mosquito pupae obtain oxygen during
    visits to the water surface.
  90. MOSQUITOES
    GENUS known as "house mosquitoes" / "West Nile mosquitoes"
    Culex
  91. MOSQUITOES
    GENUS females deposit egg rafts onto the surface of standing water.
    Culex
  92. MOSQUITOES
    GENUS larvae are capable of developing in heavily polluted water such as in wastewater evaporation ponds and in accumulations of
    Culex
  93. MOSQUITOES
    GENUS larvae also are noted for developing in container habitats that contain foul smelling water
    Culex
  94. MOSQUITOES
    GENUS females lay single, delayed-hatching eggs on
    moist substrates such as soil and the sides of containers around the high water level.
    Aedes and Ochlerotatus
  95. MOSQUITOES
    GENUS SPECIES adults have white scales on the dorsal (top) surface of the thorax that form the shape of a violin or lyre,
    AEDES AEGYPTI
  96. MOSQUITOES
    GENUS SPECIES have a white stripe down the middle of the top of the thorax.
    AEDES ALBOPICTUS
Author
ianquinto
ID
351341
Card Set
MOSQUITOES PHE 02
Description
MOSQUITOES PHE 02
Updated