Chapter 5 Commercial Pesticide Applicator Study Manual Public Health

  1. Define acute poisoning.
    Poisoning which occurs after a single exposure to a pesticide.
  2. Define chronic poisoning.
    Poisoning which occurs as a result of repeated exposures to pesticides over a period of time.
  3. Name three ways pesticides enter the body.
    • Orally.
    • Dermally.
    • By inhalation.
  4. Name four factors that determine the types of protective clothing and protective equipment needed.
    • Toxicity of the pesticide.
    • Formulation of pesticide.
    • Application equipment.
    • Degree of exposure.
  5. Name three safety precautions used while mixing and handling concentrated pesticides.
    • Work a well ventilated area.
    • Do not work alone.
    • Wear protective clothing.
  6. Name four ways to prevent exposure during application.
    • Wear protective clothing.
    • Check application equipment for leaks.
    • Never eat, drink, or smoke during application.
    • Proceed in a direction into the wind to prevent working in drift.
  7. Name four personal safety rules to follow in cleaning up after application.
    • Clean, dry, and store protective equipment.
    • Take a shower at the end of each day.
    • Change work clothing daily.
    • Wash work clothes separate from family wash.
  8. List four factors to consider when using coveralls as protective clothing.
    • Choose coveralls made of a closely woven fabric.
    • Coveralls should cover entire body from wrist to ankles.
    • Wear pants legs outside boots.
    • Do not allow coveralls to become soaked with spray.
  9. List four factors to consider when using gloves as protective clothing.
    • Check the pesticide label for the best glove material.
    • Check gloves for holes.
    • Wear sleeves outside gloves.
    • Wash gloves before taking them off.
  10. List four factors to consider when using boots as protective clothing.
    • Wear light lightweight, unlined neoprene or natural rubber boots.
    • Wash boots often, allow to thoroughly dry.
    • Keep an extra pair of boots on hand.
    • Wear pants legs outside boots.
  11. List four factors to consider when using goggles and face shield as protective equipment.
    • Make sure goggles or face shield fits tightly.
    • Clean them after each use.
    • Change headbands often if cloth or leather.
    • Always wear when pouring or mixing concentrates.
  12. List two factors to consider when choosing head and neck covering for protection.
    • Use wide brimmed waterproof head coverings.
    • Do not use cloth or leather headbands.
  13. Define canister.
    Metal or plastic container filled with absorbent materials to filter fumes and vapors from the air.
  14. Define cartridge.
    Cylinder shaped part of the respirator which absorbs fumes and vapors from the air.
  15. Define respirator.
    Face mask which filters out poisonous gases and particles.
  16. Define drift.
    Movement of droplets or particles of a pesticide by wind.
  17. Define reentry interval.
    Period of time between the pesticide application and when persons can safely go back into an area without wearing protective clothing and equipment.
  18. Define neoprene.
    Synthetic rubber.
  19. Define exposure.
    Not protected or shielded; contact with pesticides through mouth, lungs, or skin.
  20. Define fumes.
    Unpleasant or irritating smoke, vapor, or gas.
  21. Describe the general symptoms of herbicide poisoning.
    Irritation of the mouth and throat, vomiting, chest and abdominal pain, diarrhea, skin and eye irritation, coughing, dizziness, nosebleed.
  22. Define antidote.
    Treatment given by a doctor to reduce the effects of pesticide poisoning.
  23. Define oral.
    Through the mouth.
  24. Define absorb.
    To take a pesticide or other material into a plant, animal, or the soil.
  25. Define toxicity.
    How poisonous a pesticide is to a living organism.
  26. Define acute poisoning.
    Poisoning which occurs after a single exposure to a pesticide.
  27. Define LD50.
    Dose or amount of pesticide which would kill half a large number of test animals if eaten or absorbed through the skin.
  28. Define chronic poisoning.
    Poisoning which occurs as a result of repeated exposures to pesticides over a period of time.
  29. Define LC50
    Concentration of a pesticide in the air which would kill half of the test animals exposed to it.
  30. Define inhalation toxicity.
    How poisonous a pesticide is to man or animals when breathed in through the lungs.
  31. Define dermal toxicity.
    How poisonous a pesticide is to man or animals when in contact with skin.
  32. Define inhalation.
    To take air into the lungs; to breathe in.
  33. Define first aid.
    First effort to help a victim while medical help is on the way.
  34. Define signs and symptoms.
    Warnings that something is wrong.
  35. Name four first aid rules for pesticide on skin.
    • Wash off pesticide.
    • Remove contaminated clothing.
    • Clean skin.
    • Keep victim warm.
  36. Name four basic first aid rules for chemical burns.
    • Wash with large amounts of water.
    • Remove contaminated clothing.
    • Cover area loosely with clean soft cover.
    • Do not apply ointment, powder, or other agents.
  37. Name the basic first aid rule for pesticide in the eye.
    Wash as quickly and gently as possible with plain water.
  38. Name three basic first aid rules for inhaled pesticide.
    • Carry victim to fresh air.
    • Ventilate area if in enclosed space.
    • Protect yourself.
  39. An excepted first aid measure to induce vomiting.
    Put finger down throat.
Author
Demoniac38
ID
351230
Card Set
Chapter 5 Commercial Pesticide Applicator Study Manual Public Health
Description
ANR-0430
Updated