OPM Exam 3

  1. ___ is vertical expansion of job duties to give the worker more responsibility.
    A. Employment empowerment
    B. Job enlargement
    C. Job enrichment
    D. Employee recognition
    C: Job enrichment
  2. Bottlenecks are the result of ____.
    A. Assembly-line balancing
    B. Flow-blocking display
    C. Physical design
    D. Lack-of-work delay
    D: Lack-of-work delay
  3. Which of the following types of facility layouts is best suited for a heavy machine tools factory?
    A. A product layout
    B. A process layout
    C. A fixed-position layout
    D. A cellular layout
    C: A fixed-position layout
  4. Compared to product layouts, process layouts:
    A. Require a lower investment in equipment
    B. Provide less flexibility
    C. Have less materials-handling costs
    D. Have high equipment utilization
    A: Require a lower investment in equipment
  5. Which of the following is true of a cellular layout?
    A. It remains stationary rather than moving work-in-process from one work center to another
    B. Its workflow is not standardized
    C. Its quality problems are not addressed timely
    D. It is not designed according to the functional characteristics of equipment
    D: It is not designed according to the functional characteristics of equipment
  6. In both good-producing and service-providing organizations, ____ is the key to providing value and ensuring customer satisfaction.
    A. Optimizing integration of facility layout and work design
    B. Identifying the required processes
    C. Achieving assembly-line balancing
    D. Implementing a fixed-position layout
    A: Optimizing integration of facility layout and work design
  7. Organizations that need the ability to provide a wide variety of services to customers with defining requirements usually use a ____.
    A. Cellular layout
    B. Process layout
    C. Product layout
    D. Fixed-position layout
    B: Process layout
  8. A U-shaped arrangement of machines that permits materials to move clockwise or counterclockwise from one operation to the next is characteristic of a ____ layout.
    A. Product
    B. Process
    C. Fixed-position
    D. Cellular
    D: Cellular
  9. Service organizations who need the ability to provide a wide variety of services to customers with differing requirements usually use a ___ layout.
    A. Product
    B. Process
    C. Fixed-position
    D. Cellular
    B: Process
  10. In a cellular layout, the procedure of classifying parts with similar processing requirements into families is called ____.
    A. Group technology
    B. Traits analysis
    C. Commonality identification
    D. Batch processing
    A: Group technology
  11. A ___ layout is an arrangement of physical facilities based on the sequence of operations that is performed during the manufacturing of a good or delivery of a service.
    A. Product
    B. Process
    C. Fixed-position
    D. Cellular
    A: Product
  12. In the context of assembly-line balancing, ___ is the difference between total time available and the sum of the actual times for productive tasks.
    A. Blocking delay
    B. Lack-of-work delay
    C. Cycle time
    D. Idle time
    D: Idle time
  13. One of the disadvantages of a product layout is that it has:
    A. High materials handling
    B. High work-in-progress inventory
    C. Low labor utilization
    D. Low flexibility
    D: Low flexibility
  14. Identify the most suitable layout for a facility that handles a wide variety of customized orders.
    A. A fixed-position layout
    B. A cellular layout
    C. A process layout
    D. A product layout
    C: A process layout
  15. ____ is a technique to group tasks among workstations so that each workstation has—in the ideal case—the same amount of work.
    A. Job enlargement
    B. Assembly-line balancing
    C. Job enrichment
    D. Cellular manufacturing
    B: Assembly-line balancing
  16. One of the differences between product layouts and process layouts is that unlike product layouts, process layouts:
    A. Require highly specialized equipment
    B. Provide more flexibility
    C. Have less materials-handling costs
    D. Have higher automation potential
    B: Provide more flexibility
  17. ___ is the interval between successive outputs coming off the assembly line.
    A. Idle time
    B. Cycle time
    C. Blocking delay
    D. Lack-of-work delay
    B: Cycle time
  18. Which is the basic trade-off in selecting among layout types?
    A. Flexibility versus productivity
    B. Flow-blocking versus lack-of-work
    C. Workers versus machine
    D. Time versus expense
    A: Flexibility versus productivity
  19. Which of the following is true of fixed-position layouts?
    A. The changeover requirements are low
    B. The automation potential is moderate
    C. The equipment utilization is high
    D. The volume of product demand is high
    B: The automation potential is moderate
  20. ____ usually require a high level of planning and control compared with other types of facility layouts.
    A. Product layouts
    B. Process layouts
    C. Fixed-position layouts
    D. Cellular layouts
    C: Fixed-position layouts
  21. Minimizing imbalance among workstations while trying to achieve a desired output rate is known as ____.
    A. Assembly-line balancing
    B. Flow-blocking delay
    C. Physical design
    D. Lack-of-work delay
    A: Assembly-line balancing
  22. The objective of assembly-line balancing is to:
    A. Minimize the imbalance among workstations while trying to achieve a desired output rate
    B. Maximize the cost of operations while trying to reduce the cycle time
    C. Minimize the imbalance among workstations while trying to maximize the cycle time
    D. Maximize the cycle time while trying to minimize the cost of operations
    A: Minimize the imbalance among workstations while trying to achieve a desired output rate
  23. ____ is concerned with improving productivity and safety by designing workplaces, equipment, instruments, computers, workstations, and so on that take into account the physical capabilities of people.
    A. Ergonomics
    B. Employee motivation
    C. Job enrichment
    D. Job design
    A: Ergonomics
  24. Which of the following is an objective of ergonomics?
    A. To increase the cost of doing a job while reducing fatigue
    B. To reduce energy requirements while increasing accuracy
    C. To reduce the flexibility in an operation while increasing speed
    D. To increase the possibility of human errors while decreasing the cost of training
    B: To reduce energy requirements while increasing accuracy
  25. Megan plans the facility layout of her new shop that would sell a variety of healthcare industry machines. She arranges the machines in a way that the machines are grouped according to their functions. Which of the following types of facility layouts has Megan used in her shop?
    A. A process layout
    B. A product layout
    C. A fixed-position layout
    D. A cellular layout
    A: A process layout
  26. Which of the following is a limitation of a process layout?
    A: It affects the entire system if any equipment in the layout fails
    B: It has higher worker skill requirements
    C: It generally requires a low investment for the production of machines
    D: It has highly specialized equipment requirements
    B: It has higher worker skill requirements
  27. The production of large goods such as ships is best accomplished using a ____.
    A. Product layout
    B. Process layout
    C. Fixed-position layout
    D. Cellular layout
    C: Fixed-position layout
  28. A ____ layout consolidates the resources necessary to deliver a good or service in one physical location.
    A. Product
    B. Process
    C. Fixed-position
    D. Cellular
    C: Fixed-position
  29. One of the advantages of a product layout is that it: ….
    A. Can easily accommodate a change in product design
    B. Has low work-in-process inventories
    C. Can easily accommodate new products
    D. Does not usually require highly specialized equipment
    B: Has low work-in-process inventories
Author
hunter82
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351173
Card Set
OPM Exam 3
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