Provide eight techniques for baiting rats.
- Remove food sources prior to installing baits.
- Space baits from 15 to 50 feet apart, closer for severe infestations.
- Place baits between rat harborage and their food sources.
- When baiting rat burrows, use loose pellet bait or crumbled blocks.
- Burrows shouldn’t be caved in until seven days after baiting, and rebait any reopen burrows.
- Once bait stations are in place and in use, they should not be changed or moved.
- Adult rats can consume 2 ounces of food nightly, provide enough to allow all rats to obtain a lethal dose.
- For first generation anticoagulants to be affective, rodents may need to feed on the bait several times over several days. Make bait available until all feeding activity ceases.
- The quantity of bait used for placement, and correct spacing between each bait station are both essential for successful baiting programs. The label dosage rates of the rodenticide product should be accurately followed.
- For baiting in damp locations, bait blocks that offer maximum weather ability should be used and potentially wired down.
- Rats require 1/2 to one fluid ounce of water daily, in dry situations, liquid baits maybe used.
- When conducting fresh food baiting programs place the baits during the late afternoon to ensure freshness.
List advantages and disadvantages of using dusts for insect pest management.
- Advantages: Ready to use, no mixing.
- Exceptional residual when active ingredient dry.
- Disadvantages: takes experience to apply correctly.
- Visible residues possible.
- Difficult to control dispersal of dust particles to non-target areas.
What are the different castes of termites found within a termite colony?
Workers are responsible for nest building, food gathering and feeding of the reproductives and soldiers. Soldiers serve only to defend the colony against enemies. Reproductives are responsible for meeting and egg laying.
What are the three species of commensal rodents of importance to pest management professionals?
The house mouse, the Norway (or brown) rat, and the roof (black) rat.
What are three ways by which termites communicate with each other in a colony?
Pheromones, sound, trophallaxis.
What is a manifest and why should you carry one in your vehicle?
A manifest lists the types and amounts of pesticides or other hazardous materials carried in the vehicle; it must be carried during pesticide transport. In case of a large spill or a vehicle accident involving a spill, the proper agencies may have to be notified and they will need to know the types and amounts of pesticides or other hazardous materials involved.
What are signal words, and what three signal words are used by the EPA?
Most labels for conventional pesticide products include a signal word on the front label panel to alert the user to the relative level of toxicity, and some additional precautionary statements that are placed adjacent to the signal word or on the back panel. The EPA uses three signal words danger, warning and caution
List the three signal words and their definitions.
There are three signal words: danger, warning, and caution. Danger signals that the pesticide is highly toxic. Warning signals that the product is moderately toxic. Caution signals that the product is slightly toxic.
Synergists are materials that if used alone normally would have a little toxicity to insects. However, when combined with another active ingredient, they enhance the activity of an insecticide.
Describe the excretory system of insects
Waste materials are discharged through the body wall, the digestive tract, and the rectum. Special excretory tubes known as Malpighian tubules are attached to, and empty into the hind portion of the digestive tract
Describe a lamellate antennae
The many small lenses making up the compound eye
Describe a setaceous antennae
Describe a moniliform antennae
Describe a filiform antennae
If an insect has a tapering antennae, it's called
The study of insects
Describe chewing lapping mouth parts in insects and describe their function
Found in some bees and wasps. Used for chewing solids, and sucking up exposed liquids, especially nectar. Upper lip is a simple flap covering the upper jaws. Upper jaws are two solid structures with tooth like projections on the inner side. Jaws move from side to side (transversely), and are used to tear off or bite food and chew it. Lower jaws and lip are elongated to form a "tongue" with which the insect can suck up or lap up liquids.
If an insect has an elbowed antennae, it's called
Name the three layers of the cuticle
Epicuticle, Exocuticle, Endocuticle