Part 3 (Chapter 4) Introduction to Urban and Industrial Integrated Pest Management

  1. [a] are chemicals that contact the outside of the insect's body directly while being applied.
    Contact insecticides
  2. The neonicotinoid compounds [a] and [b] are examples of active ingredients that disrupt transmissions of nerve impulses across synapses.
    • imidacloprid
    • acetamidprid
    • thiamethoxam
    • dinotefuran
  3. Most inorganics have rather [a] killing action and are some of the oldest insecticides, but [b] is an example of one that continues to be widely used today.
    • slow
    • boric acid
  4. Any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest is called a [a].
    pesticide
  5. The amount of technical pesticide which will kill one half of a group of test animals is called the [a] The higher this number is for a particular pesticide, the [b] the toxicity of the pesticide.
    • LD50
    • lower
  6. [a] repel insects, mites, and ticks, and vertebrate pests.
    Repellents
  7. Natural pyrethrins are used in combination with [a] such as piperonyl butoxide, to add insect killing power to the rapid flushing and knockdown action of pyrethrins.
    synergists
  8. [a] are gaseous pesticides whose physical properties enable them to penetrate solid material, such as wood and stored foods.
    Fumigants
  9. The mode of action for both organophosphates and carbamates involves the inhibition of an important enzyme in the nervous system called [a].
    cholinesterase
  10. The oral LD 50 value for cypermethrin is 247 mg/kg, compared to >5,000 mg/kg for hexaflumuron; therefore, [a] is the more toxic of these two pesticides.
    cypermethrin
  11. Dessicant insecticides
    a.)must be swallowed to have action on pests

    b.)are very fast acting

    c.)have examples in pyrethrins, chlorpyrifos, and fipronil

    d.)disrupt the protective, waxy outer coating on the insect cuticle
    d.)disrupt the protective, waxy outer coating on the insect cuticle
  12. Synthetic pyrethroids
    a.)are pyrethrin-like materials synthesized by chemists

    b.)act by disrupting proper functioning of nerve axons

    c.)generally have some form of improved action compared to natural pyrethrins

    d.)have long residual action and may have rather poor flushing and knockdown activity
    a.)are pyrethrin-like materials synthesized by chemists

    b.)act by disrupting proper functioning of nerve axons

    c.)generally have some form of improved action compared to natural pyrethrins
  13. Pheromones
    a.)cause death by dehydration

    b.)kill pest eggs

    c.)destroy microorganisms

    d.)are chemicals used by insects and vertebrates to communicate with each other (to attract, to repel, to alarm, etc.)
    d.)are chemicals used by insects and vertebrates to communicate with each other (to attract, to repel, to alarm, etc.)
  14. Boric acid is still widely used today because it
    a.)has long residual action

    b.)is non-repellent to cockroaches and ants

    c.)has a fast killing action

    d.)has no known pest resistance problems
    a.)has long residual action

    b.)is non-repellent to cockroaches and ants

    d.)has no known pest resistance problems
  15. The type of formulation can greatly affect the
    a.)resistance of the pest to the active ingredient

    b.)persistence of the effective residual activity

    c.)speed of contact action

    d.)variety of surface types on which effective residual action can be achieved
    b.)persistence of the effective residual activity

    c.)speed of contact action

    d.)variety of surface types on which effective residual action can be achieved
  16. You should not keep an emulsion in a sprayer overnight because
    a.)of the fire hazard

    b.)the emulsion will likely separate out

    c.)the insecticide could chemically degrade when left for an extended period

    d.)it is prohibited by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
    b.)the emulsion will likely separate out

    c.)the insecticide could chemically degrade when left for an extended period
  17. Resistance
    a.)may be physiological or behavioral

    b.)is a measurable lessening of an insecticide's effectiveness

    c.)occurs frequently in pests with high rates of reproduction

    d.)is a population, not an individual response to the presence of insecticides
    a.)may be physiological or behavioral

    b.)is a measurable lessening of an insecticide's effectiveness

    c.)occurs frequently in pests with high rates of reproduction

    d.)is a population, not an individual response to the presence of insecticides
  18. The ingredients in a finished emulsion are
    a.)water

    b.)a wettable powder

    c.)an emulsifier

    d.)oil solvent
    a.)water

    c.)an emulsifier

    d.)oil solvent
  19. Repellents include
    a.)4-aminopyridine

    b.)d-limonene

    c.)picaridin

    d.)actamiprid
    a.)4-aminopyridine

    b.)d-limonene

    c.)picaridin
  20. The way in which active and inert ingredients are prepared for sale to the user
    formulation
  21. Chemicals in a product that produce the pesticide effect
    active ingredient
  22. A detergent-like chemical that aids in suspending one liquid in another
    emulsifier
  23. A substance in a pesticide product having no pesticidal action
    inert ingredient
  24. Pesticides which form poisonous gases when applied
    fumigants
  25. The purest available form of any pesticide
    technical grade
  26. List two advantages of using an insect growth regulator (IGR) over another insecticidal compound.
    • disrupt growth and development
    • low toxicity to mammals
    • sterilize insects
    • can be used when insects are resistant to other chemicals
  27. List the names of three insect growth regulators (IGRs)
    • hydroprene (Gentrol)
    • methoprene (Precor)
    • pyriproxifen (Nylar, Archer)
  28. Name five (5) factors the pest management professional should consider when choosing the best pesticide formulation for the job.
    • biological
    • structural
    • environmental
    • human
    • label directions and precautions
    • surface to be treated
    • equipment available
    • safety
    • pest (type, habits)
    • cost
Author
Demoniac38
ID
351140
Card Set
Part 3 (Chapter 4) Introduction to Urban and Industrial Integrated Pest Management
Description
Part 3 (Chapter 4)
Updated