VECTOR CONTROL CATEGORY A

  1. CATEGORY A – PESTICIDE APPLICATIONS AND SAFETY
  2. 1.When wall voids and dead spaces must be treated from small openings, the most effective formulation to use would be:

    A.Liquid residual spray.

    B.Granules.

    C.Wettable powder.

    D.Dust.
    D
  3. 2.The amount of drift increases as:

    A.Nozzle size increases.

    B.Droplet or particle size increases.

    C.Wind speed increases.

    D.Sprayer pressure decreases.
    C
  4. 3.You are calibrating a sprayer. You find that your sprayer is
    putting out 2 gallons per minute of spray, and
    that it takes 20 minutes for you to
    spray an acre of land. How much spray per acre is
    your sprayer putting out?

    A.0.1 gallons per acre.

    B.10 gallons per acre.

    C.40 gallons per acre.

    D.160 gallons per acre.
    40 gallons per acre.
  5. 4.You know that a tank full of pesticide will cover 5 acres of land.
    You wish to apply a pesticide at a rate of 4 pints per acre.
    How many pints of pesticide should be placed in the tank?

    A.0.80 pints.

    B.1.25 pints.

    C.10 pints.

    D.20 pints.
    20 pints.
  6. 5.To clean a clogged nozzle, use:

    A.Water or detergent and a soft brush.

    B.A steel bristle brush.

    C.A needle or pin.

    D.Your mouth to blow it clear.
    Water or detergent and a soft brush.
  7. 6.Dusters should be cleaned periodically and emptied of their contents when stored because most insecticidal dusts:

    A.Attract moisture, causing caking problems.

    B.Breakdown quickly in storage.

    C.Are highly corrosive, damaging the equipment.

    D.Rapidly dry out, losing their effectiveness.
    Attract moisture, causing caking problems.
  8. 7.You wish to spray weeds at a dosage rate of 5 pounds of weed killer in 100 gallons of water per acre. How much weed killer will you need to spray 10 acres?

    A.2 pounds.

    B.5 pounds.

    C.50 pounds.

    D.500 pounds.
    50 pounds.
  9. 8.You can increase the application rate by decreasing the:

    A.Pressure.

    B.Tank capacity.

    C.Ground speed.

    D.Size of the nozzle orifice.
    Ground speed.
  10. 9.The adjustment of application equipment to apply a pesticide formulation at a desired application rate is called:

    A.Dilution.

    B.Formulation.

    C.Preventive maintenance.

    D.Calibration.
    Calibration.
  11. 10.The best method of making major changes in the output rate of sprayers is to change the:

    A.Pressure.

    B.Ground speed.

    C.Nozzle size.

    D.Viscosity of the spray formulation.
    Nozzle size
  12. 11.If your sprayer’s output rate is 4 gallons per minute and you treat 2000 square feet per minute, then your application rate is:

    A.1 gallon per 8000 square feet.

    B.2 gallons per 1000 square feet.

    C.4 gallons per 1000 square feet.

    D.8 gallons per 1000 square feet.
    2 gallons per 1000 square feet.
  13. 12.The directions on an emulsifiable concentrate insecticide label say
    “Apply spray containing 10 tablespoons per gallons of
    water at a rate of 1 gallon to 1000 square feet.”
    How much spray should you mix to apply to
    an area that is 50 feet long and 30 feet wide?

    A.½ gallon.

    B.1 gallon.

    C.1.5 gallons.

    D.3 gallons.
    1.5 gallons.
  14. 13.In the example above, how much concentrate should you
    use if you have to make 2 gallons of finished spray?
    Hint: 2 tablespoons (Tbs) = 1 fluid ounce (fl oz).

    A.10 fl oz.

    B.10 Tbs.

    C.5 fl oz.

    D.15 Tbs.
    10 fl oz.
  15. 14.A vehicle traveling at a rate of 12 miles per hour will travel how many feet in 30 seconds?

    A.123 feet.

    B.528 feet.

    C.729 feet.

    D.450 feet.
    528 feet.
  16. 15.Biological control means:

    A.The control of a pest by another organism.

    B.The use of insect growth regulators.

    C.The use botanical pesticides.

    D.The use of any pesticides that are not synthetic.
    The control of a pest by another organism.
  17. 16.Which of these LD50 values represent the most toxic pesticides?

    A.585 mg/kg

    B.320 mg/kg

    C.27 mg/kg

    D.6200 mg/kg
    27 mg/kg
  18. 17.The NPDES Permit controls water pollution by regulating point sources that discharge pollutants into:

    A.Pastures.

    B.Waters of the U.S.

    C.Vernal Pools.

    D.Sewer Plants.
    Waters of the U.S.
  19. 18.Selective herbicides:

    A.Are completely safe, because they act only on the target pest species.

    B.Are completely safe only if there has been no rain during the past 6 hours.

    C.Should never be used along rights-of –way.

    D.If misused, can kill desirable plants as well as targeted species.
    If misused, can kill desirable plants as well as targeted species.
  20. 19.Wettable powders are:

    A.Materials to which an emulsifying agent has been added.

    B.Are powders that can withstand washing off after application.

    C.Are finely ground powders.

    D.Are powders which do not need agitation after wash has been added.
    Are finely ground powders.
  21. 20.Granules:

    A.Always consist of pure pesticides.

    B.Are especially useful in aquatic habitats.

    C.Consist of spores of microbial products such as Bti.

    D.Can never be delivered by air.
    Are especially useful in aquatic habitats.
  22. 21.The following pesticide is an organophosphate:

    A.DDT.

    B.Diazinon.

    C.Methoxychlor.

    D.Permethrin.
    Diazinon.
  23. 22.Only the following can be considered a microbial pesticide:

    A.Mosquitofish.

    B.Bacillus thuringiensis.

    C.Plasmodium falciparum.

    D.The Varroa mite of honey bees.
    Bacillus thuringiensis.
  24. 23.The following type of pesticide would be most likely to be used as a mosquito adulticide:

    A.Stomach poison.

    B.Contact poison.

    C.Systemic toxicant.

    D.Petroleum oil.
    Contact poison.
  25. 24.The following type of pesticide would be least likely to be used to control mosquito larvae:

    A.Stomach poison.

    B.Microbial pesticide.

    C.Aerosol insecticide.

    D.Petroleum oil.
    Aerosol insecticide.
  26. 25.There is a legal requirement to read the label on a pesticide container:

    A.Only when a new pesticide is introduced to the market.

    B.Only when new equipment is used for a particular pesticide.

    C.Only when a new employee us trained.

    D.Each time a pesticides is applied.
    Each time a pesticides is applied.
  27. 26.You should read the label on a pesticide container:

    A.Only if it is a restricted pesticide.

    B.Before you dispose of the pesticide or its empty container.

    C.Only if you are a certified applicator.

    D.Less than 24 hours after the application of any pesticide.
    Before you dispose of the pesticide or its empty container.
  28. 27.On a pesticide label, the word “Warning” applies to:

    A.Category I chemicals.

    B.Category II chemicals.

    C.Category III chemicals.

    D.Only chemicals which must be kept out of the reach of children.
    Category II chemicals.
  29. 28.On a pesticide label, the word “Caution” applies to:

    A.Category I chemicals.

    B.Category II chemicals.

    C.Category III chemicals.

    D.Only chemicals which must be kept out of the reach of children.
    Category III chemicals.
  30. 29.A skull and crossbones on a pesticide label means the material:

    A.Is a category I chemical.

    B.Is a category III chemical.

    C.Cannot be used for mosquito control operations.

    D.Cannot be used in or around aquatic habitats.
    Is a category I chemical.
  31. 30.The term “SDS” means:

    A.Survival dose standard.

    B.Safety dose standard.

    C.Safety dose standard.

    D.Safety data sheet.
    Safety data sheet.
  32. 31.Pesticide residue tolerances apply to:

    A.Raw agricultural commodities.

    B.Canned, frozen, and otherwise processed foods

    C.Fruit and nut crops only.

    D.Agricultural commodities that are hand-picked (as opposed to machine picked).
    Raw agricultural commodities.
  33. 32.An EPA registration number on a label means:

    A.The material is endorsed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

    B.Registration of the material is pending with the U.S. Environmental
    Protection Agency.

    C.The material may be used in environmentally sensitive areas.

    D.The material is registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
    The material is registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
  34. 33.Brand names of pesticides:

    A.Are usually the most prominent part of a pesticide label.

    B.Cannot be used on labels – the common name is required.

    C.Are not authorized for use in interstate commerce.

    D.Can be used on a label only if accompanied by a disclaimer.
    Are usually the most prominent part of a pesticide label
  35. 34.Which of the following type of information is not usually found on a pesticide label?

    A.The EPA registration number.

    B.The cost of the active ingredient on a per acre basis.

    C.The name and address of the manufacturer.

    D.The statement: “Keep out of the reach of children”.
    The cost of the active ingredient on a per acre basis.
  36. 35.Most poisons work by:

    A.Dissolving vital tissues.

    B.Changing the rate of various body functions.

    C.Clogging major arteries or veins.

    D.Lowering the pH of the blood.
    Changing the rate of various body functions.
  37. 36.NOEL means:


    A.No outward effects left.

    B.No observable extensive lesions.

    C.No ordinary effects line.

    D.No observable effect level.
    No observable effect level.
  38. 37.LD50 is the:

    A.Legal dose which by law cannot exceed 50%.

    B.Period of time it takes for 50% of a given chemical to leave the body.

    C.Dose that will kill 50% of a group of test subjects.

    D. Symbol for the 50 isotope of lead (which happens to coincide
    with 50% mortality).
    Dose that will kill 50% of a group of test subjects.
  39. 38.Carcinogenesis refers to the:

    A.Production of tumors.

    B.Production of birth defects.

    C.Suppression of the immune system.

    D.All of the above.
    Production of tumors
  40. 39. Mutagenesis refers to the:

    A.Production of tumors.

    B.Suppression of the immune system.

    C.Change in genetic structure.

    D.None of the above.
    Change in genetic structure.
  41. 40. Acute toxicity is:

    A.A toxic effect of short duration.

    B.A toxic effect which is fatal.

    C.A toxic effect which lasts a long time.

    D.An effect which occurs immediately.
    A toxic effect of short duration.
  42. 41. Teratogenesis is:

    A.The production of nodules.

    B.The production of tumors.

    C.The production of fibrous growth.

    D.The production of birth defects.
    The production of birth defects.
  43. 42. Primary irritant dermatitis (PID):

    A.Can occur from exposure to a number of pesticides.

    B.Is caused only by solvents, not pesticides themselves.

    C.Is caused only by secondary infections after pesticide exposure.

    D.Results only in allergic individuals.
    Can occur from exposure to a number of pesticides.
  44. 43. Subchronic toxicity refers to:

    A.Effects which occur after chronic effects have appeared.

    B.Effects which cannot be detected.

    C.Effects which occur later than acute effects but before chronic effects.

    D.Effects which occur beneath the surface of the skin.
    Effects which occur later than acute effects but before chronic effects.
  45. 44. TD50 is:

    A.The dose which will kill 50% of a group of test animals.

    B.The dose which will kill 50% of humans exposed.

    C.The dose which will have some adverse effects on 50% of a group of test subjects.

    D.The time it takes to kill 50% of a group of test subjects.
    The dose which will have some adverse effects on 50% of a group of test subjects.
  46. 45.If you believe you have been exposed to a pesticide on your skin, you should:

    A.Contact a physician before you do anything else.

    B.Notify your supervisor before you do anything else.

    C.Report a hazardous spill before you do anything else.

    D.Wash before you do anything else.
    Wash before you do anything else.
  47. 46. The most common route of poisoning by pesticides in humans is:

    A.Through the dermal route.

    B.Through the respiratory route.

    C.Through the oral route.

    D.Through the eyes.
    Through the dermal route.
  48. 47. Organophosphates poison by:

    A.Interfering with oxygen transport (by combining with heme molecules).

    B.Massive tissue destruction.

    C.Interfering with proper nerve functioning.

    D.Causing hemorrhaging.
    Interfering with proper nerve functioning.
  49. 48. A common symptom of severe organophosphate poisoning is:

    A.A rapidly spreading rash.

    B.Profuse bleeding from the gums.

    C.Muscle twitching.

    D.Cuts and scratches which take a long time to heal.
    Muscle twitching.
  50. 49. Pyrethroid insecticides:

    A.Are all extremely toxic.

    B.Are all extremely non-toxic.

    C.Vary in toxicity.

    D.Are natural products, and thus probably safe.
    Vary in toxicity.
  51. 50. The most common factor associate with pesticide poisoning via the oral route is:

    A.The use of outdated, illegal products.

    B.The use of pesticides designed to control pests occurring on human
    bodies, such as lice.

    C.Seepage of pesticides into drinking water supply systems.

    D.The transfers of pesticides into unmarked containers from their
    original containers.
    • The transfers of pesticides into unmarked containers from their
    • original containers.
  52. 51.Never transport pesticides in:

    A.Passenger compartments of vehicles.

    B.Unmarked vehicles of any kind.

    C.Vehicles that are not approved for public highway use.

    D.Pickup trucks that do not have covered cargo beds.
    Passenger compartments of vehicles.
  53. 52. Instructions for the proper equipment and protective clothing needed for mixing pesticides are found:

    A.On the label of the pesticide container.

    B.In EPA directives, which must be posted in all storage areas.

    C.In the Federal Register, under FIFRA.

    D.In the Code of Federal Regulations, or CFR.
    On the label of the pesticide container.
  54. 53. All pesticide spills must be reported to:

    A.The U.S. Coast and Geodectic Survey.

    B.The board of county commissioners.

    C.The FBI.

    D.The county agricultural commissioner and the California Department of Public Health.
    The county agricultural commissioner and the California Department of Public Health.
  55. 54.Mist blowers are characterized by:

    A.Low air velocity and high spray volume.

    B.High air velocity and high spray volume.

    C.High air velocity and low spray volume.

    D.Low air velocity and low spray volume.
    High air velocity and low spray volume.
  56. 55.High pressure, or “hydraulic” sprayers are characterized by:

    A.Low pressure and high spray volume.

    B.High pressure and high spray volume.

    C.High pressure and low spray volume.

    D.Low pressure and low spray volume.
    High pressure and high spray volume.
  57. 56.A tolerance is:

    A.The amount of pesticide cattle can eat without having any poisonous effect.

    B.The amount of pesticide people can eat without getting sick.

    C.The legally permissible residue of pesticide 24 hours after spraying.

    D.The legally permissible limit of pesticide on a crop at harvest.
    The legally permissible limit of pesticide on a crop at harvest.
  58. 57.The primary disadvantage of brass nozzles is:

    A.Their relatively high cost.

    B.Their tendency to form chemical complexes with certain pesticides.

    C.Their tendency to wear out in a relatively short period of time.

    D.All of the above.
    Their tendency to wear out in a relatively short period of time.
  59. 58.Characteristics of plastic spray nozzles include:

    A.Well suited for high pressures.

    B.Highly resistant to solvents.

    C.Low costs.

    D.Resistance to wear.
    Low costs.
  60. 52. Instructions for the proper equipment and protective clothing needed for mixing pesticides are found:

    A.On the label of the pesticide container.
    B.In EPA directives, which must be posted in all storage areas.
    C.In the Federal Register, under FIFRA.
    D.In the Code of Federal Regulations, or CFR.
    On the label of the pesticide container.
  61. 53. All pesticide spills must be reported to:

    A.The U.S. Coast and Geodectic Survey.
    B.The board of county commissioners.
    C.The FBI.
    D.The county agricultural commissioner and the California Department of Public Health.
    The county agricultural commissioner and the California Department of Public Health.
  62. 54.Mist blowers are characterized by:

    A.Low air velocity and high spray volume.
    B.High air velocity and high spray volume.
    C.High air velocity and low spray volume.
    D.Low air velocity and low spray volume.
    High air velocity and low spray volume.
  63. 55.High pressure, or “hydraulic” sprayers are characterized by:

    A.Low pressure and high spray volume.
    B.High pressure and high spray volume.
    C.High pressure and low spray volume.
    D.Low pressure and low spray volume.
    High pressure and high spray volume.
  64. 56.A tolerance is:

    A.The amount of pesticide cattle can eat without having any poisonous effect.
    B.The amount of pesticide people can eat without getting sick.
    C.The legally permissible residue of pesticide 24 hours after spraying.
    D.The legally permissible limit of pesticide on a crop at harvest.
    The legally permissible limit of pesticide on a crop at harvest.
  65. 57.The primary disadvantage of brass nozzles is:

    A.Their relatively high cost.
    B.Their tendency to form chemical complexes with certain pesticides.
    C.Their tendency to wear out in a relatively short period of time.
    D.All of the above.
    Their tendency to wear out in a relatively short period of time.
  66. 58.Characteristics of plastic spray nozzles include:

    A.Well suited for high pressures.
    B.Highly resistant to solvents.
    C.Low costs.
    D.Resistance to wear.
    Low costs.
  67. 59.Which statement is true?

    A.Pesticide labels will always list all possible mixtures permitted.
    B.Pesticide labels do not cover mixing of different pesticides.
    C.It is all right to mix compatible pesticides for certain purposes.
    D.Mixing of different pesticides should be avoided if at all possible.
    It is all right to mix compatible pesticides for certain purposes.
  68. 60. You are calibrating a sprayer. You find that your sprayer is
    putting out 4 gallons per minute of spray, and that it takes
    15 minutes for you to spray an acre of land.
    How much spray per acre is your sprayer putting out?

    A.0.27 gallons per acre.
    B.3.75 gallons per acre.
    C.60 gallons per acre.
    D.240 gallons per acre.
    60 gallons per acre
  69. 61.You know that a tank full of pesticides will
    cover 6 acres of land. You wish to apply a
    pesticide at a rate of 2 pints per acre.
    How many pints of pesticide should be placed in the tank?

    A.3 pints.
    B.8 pints.
    C.12 pints.
    D.24 pints.
    12 pints
  70. 62.One advantage of granular pesticides is:

    A.Low cost.
    B.They usually do not have to be mixed.
    C.They can be applied with almost any piece of equipment.
    D.All of the above.
    They usually do not have to be mixed
  71. 63.Pesticide tanks, when filled with pesticides must be labeled with:

    A.The EPA registration number of the pesticide.
    B.The person or agency owning the tank.
    C.Any precautionary statements.
    D.All of the above.
    All of the above
  72. 64.The type of pesticide formulation most likely to cause drift is:

    A.Dust.
    B.ULV spray.
    C.Large volume spray.
    D.Granules.
    Dust
  73. 65. Pesticide resistance occurs because:

    A.Excessive spraying causes irritation to resistant populations.

    B.Pesticides are applied at many times their recommended doses.

    C.Excessive exposure to a pesticide selects against susceptible
    individuals, leaving resistant individuals.

    D.Of the gradual shift from adult control to larval control in insects in general.
    • Excessive exposure to a pesticide selects against susceptible
    • individuals, leaving resistant individuals.
  74. 66.Cross-resistance is:

    A.When resistance can not be reversed.

    B.Resistance which occurs in both larvae and adults of a given pest species.

    C.Resistance which occurs in one pest species after spraying for a
    different species.

    D.Resistance in a pest population to chemically related pesticides.
    Resistance in a pest population to chemically related pesticides.
  75. 67.Soil pollution from pesticide applications can result in:

    A.Contamination of water supplies.
    B.Phytotoxicity.
    C.Illegal residues in crops.
    D.All of the above.
    All of the above.
  76. 68.Atmospheric pollution from pesticide application is most likely to occur with:

    A.Improperly maintained equipment.
    B.Spraying at night.
    C.Illegal use of water soluble packets.
    D.Granules.
    Improperly maintained equipment.
  77. 69.Bio-concentration means:

    A.The accumulation of pesticides in plant or animal tissues.
    B.The use of microbial insecticides.
    C.The use of pesticides derived from living organisms.
    D.The crowding of animals to make pesticide treatment more efficient.
    The accumulation of pesticides in plant or animal tissues.
  78. 70.Adverse environmental effects can best be avoided by:

    A.Not using synthetic organic pesticides.
    B.Reading and following the pesticide label.
    C.Using only pesticides with short residual effects.
    D.All of the above.
    Reading and following the pesticide label.
  79. 71. Synergism is:
    A.Two organisms of different species living together.
    B.Two organisms of the same species living together.
    C.Spontaneous combustion caused by mixing two pesticides.
    D.When two chemicals used in combination are more effective than either one used alone.
    When two chemicals used in combination are more effective than either one used alone.
  80. 72.Potentiation is:

    A.A desirable effect of mixing two or more pesticides.
    B.Is the same as synergism.
    C.Is an undesirable effect of mixing two or more pesticides.
    D.Is the passing of an electric current through a pesticide solution.
    Is an undesirable effect of mixing two or more pesticides.
Author
ianquinto
ID
350929
Card Set
VECTOR CONTROL CATEGORY A
Description
VECTOR CONTROL CATEGORY A
Updated