Intro Herbs L1

  1. Sources of Chinese Herbs
    • Plants
    • Animals 
    • Insects
    • Minerals
  2. Gen
    • Latin: Radix, Rhizoma
    • English: Root, Rhizome
  3. Cao
    • Latin: Herba
    • English: Herb, Grass
  4. Pi
    • Latin: Cortex, Pericarpium
    • English: bark, peel, skin
  5. Zhi
    • Latin: Ramulus
    • English: Twig
  6. Ye
    • Latin: Folium
    • English: Leaf
  7. Hua
    • Latin: Flos
    • English: Flower
  8. Zi, Ren
    • Latin: Semen, Fructus
    • English: Seed, Fruit
  9. Roots and Rhizomes
    store most energy for hers; the strongest for medicine


    larger dosage
  10. Bark and Twigs
    usually from trees; treat skin and unblock channels and collaterals
  11. Vines
    curly like sinews, treat sinews
  12. Leaves and Flowers
    dispersing and floating up


    smaller dosage
  13. Seeds and Small Fruits
    tonifying, descending


    larger dosage
  14. what determines a herb's functions?
    • properties (temp + taste) 
    • direction 
    • channels entered
    • harvest season, toxicity, geolocation, etc
    • it's unique quality
  15. Temp + Taste
    • whole body's experience and response
    • temp = degrees of yin and yang (e.g. 4 seasons: warm, hot, cool, cold)

    cold diseases must be warmed; hot diseases must be cooled
  16. taste and function 
    acrid
    disperse and move

    lung/metal
  17. taste and function 
    sweet
    tonify, harmonise, moisten

    spleen/earth
  18. taste and function 
    bitter
    drain and dry

    heart/fire
  19. taste and function 
    sour
    astringent, prevent leakage of fluids

    liver/wood
  20. taste and function 
    salty
    purge and soften hardness

    kidney/water
  21. taste and function 
    bland
    leech out dampness and promote urination
  22. taste and function 
    aromatic (not taste)
    penetrates through turbidity and opens orifices; revive Spleen
  23. Herb Function: Direction 
    upward
    • treats sinking of qi
    • e.g. diarrhea and prolapse
  24. Herb Function: Direction 
    downwards
    • treats counter flow of qi 
    • e.g. coughing and vomiting
  25. Herb Function: Direction 
    outward
    releases constraint form external wind invasion or internal qi stagnation
  26. Herb Function: Direction 
    inward
    • prevents leakage
    • e.g. bleeding and spontaneous sweating
  27. Contraindication:
    herbs that invigorate blood
    pregnancy or profuse menstruation
  28. Contraindication:
    downward draining purgatives
    pregnancy
  29. Contraindication:
    herbs that are acrid, warm, and drying
    yin deficiency
  30. Contraindication:
    herbs that promote urination
    yin deficiency
  31. Contraindication:
    herbs that strongly move qi
    qi or blood deficiency
  32. Contraindication:
    bitter, cold herbs
    deficiency cold of the stomach and spleen
  33. Contraindication:
    herbs that stabilise and bind
    internal or external excess conditions
  34. Treatment Principle:
    Sweating Han
    release exterior pathogen
  35. Treatment Principle:
    Vomiting Tu
    expel toxic/stagnant matter
  36. Treatment Principle:
    Draining Xia
    induce defecation
  37. Treatment Principle:
    Harmonising He
    Harmonise functions of different organs
  38. Treatment Principle:
    Warming Wen
    restore yang Qi
  39. Treatment Principle:
    Clearning Qing
    clear heat and drains fire
  40. Treatment Principle:
    Reducing Xiao
    gradually eliminate accumulation
  41. Treatment Principle:
    Tonifying Bu
    tonify that which is deficient
Author
misol
ID
350367
Card Set
Intro Herbs L1
Description
Intro Herbs Lecture 1
Updated