Sensation & Perception
What are exterorexeptos
Receptors That detect external stimuli
What are internoreceptors ?
Receptors that detect internal stimuli
What does a mechanoreceptor recognize?
Mechanical disturbances (pressure)
What is an example of a mechanoreceptor in the skin ?
What is an example of a mechanoreceptor in the ear ?
Auditory hair cell
What does a chemoreceptors recognize?
What are two types of chemoreceptors?
What do nociceptors recognize ?
What do thermoreceptors recognize?
What do electromagnetic receptors recognize?
What are the only electromagnetic receptors in the human body ?
What properties need to be communicated to the CNS ?
What determines intensity of a signal ?
Frequency of axn potential
What receptors fire as long as the stimulus is present ?
What receptor only fires when the stimulus starts ?
What are proprioceptors ?
Receptors that make you aware of your body position
What are the components of the outer ear ?
External auditory canal
What are the components of the middle ear ?
What are the components of the ossicles ?
What are the components of the inner ear ?
What do the 3 small bones in the middle ear do?
Amplify sound vibrations
What generates vibrations
Name the fluid in the cochlea
Vibration of endolymph causes vibration of what ?
What covers the basilar membrane?
What factor of the sound wave determines pitch ?
What factor of the wave determines loudness?
Where in the brain is the auditory complex ?
What part of the eye does light enter ?
What happens to light as it passes through the cornea ?
It is refracted
What is the white of the eye ?
What is the color part of the eye ?
What changes the curvature of the lens ?
What cells do rods & cones synapse with ?
What do bipolar cells synapse with ?
What cells axons make up the optic nerve ?
Ganglion cell axons
Name the part of the retina where the ganglion axons become optic nerve.
What is the optic disk ALso known as ?
What is the structure in the center of the macula ?
The fovea centralis
What is special about the fovea centralis ?
Only cones in this area
What state are rods & cone cells in when it’s dark ?
What happens to rods & cones when light is added ?
Which photoreceptor is responsible for noticing light ?
What photoreceptors are responsible for recognizing color?
What is the only binocular clue ?
What are the monocular cues ?
Light and shadow
Sensation & Perception