This system allows people to own, operate, and profit from their own businesses.
During this era less emphasis was placed on heavy industry and traditional manufacturing while more emphasis was placed on service and high-tech. businesses.
In this area there is a high concentration of office buildings and retail shops. It is easily accessible to city and suburbs - typically called "downtown".
Central Business District
This place in California is home to 20 of the world's 100 largest high-tech. companies.
This extends from the Great Lakes to the east. I contains older industrial areas.
Converting old factories for use in new industries.
Land suitable for farming.
When there is a total control of an industry by one person or one company.
The merging of economies in which countries are inter-connected and become dependent on one another for goods and services.
When a country spends more on imports than it takes in from exports.
When a country takes in more from exports than it spends on imports.
Taxes countries place on imports.
What are some drawbacks of introducing non-native species of plants and animals?
- Blocked waterways
- crop destruction
- displacement of crucial native species
What are the benefits of nuclear energy?
- No greenhouse gases
- Stable energy prices
What are the drawbacks of nuclear energy?
- Spent fuel stays radioactive.
- Potential for accidents or attack.
Benefits of fossil energy?
Easiest to transport and store.
Drawbacks of fossil energy?
- emits greenhouse gases
- extraction can cause destruction of land
Benefits of solar/wind energy?
- No waste production
- usable in remote areas
Drawbacks of solar/wind energy?
- high initial costs
- power depends on a variable source
Benefits of hydro-electric energy?
- low operating costs
- emits little carbon dioxide
- long life span
Drawbacks of hydro-electric energy?
- requires lots of space
- High initial cost
- can threaten recreation, flow of rivers and aquatic life.
What steps have the United States and Canada taken to combat pollution?
- Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement - combats pollution in lakes.
- U.S. passed the Clean Water Act - it is restoring U.S. waters.
What other steps might the U. S. be able to take to combat pollution?
- Get rid of....
- chemical dumping and other industrial waste
- making water treatment mandatory
Setting up plants service industries and other businesses abroad to produce parts and products for domestic use or sale.
Taking out whole forests when harvesting timber.
Precipitation carrying high amounts of acidic material.
Sun's rays interact with auto exhaust gases and industrial emissions, forming a visible haze - it damages or kills plants, harms people's eyes, throats, and lungs.
The process by which a body of water becomes rich in dissolved nutrients. Encourages algae, which can use all the oxygen.
How did the distribution of jobs in the U.S. change between 1900 and 2003?
- The jobs moved mostly from agricultural to industrial.
- The jobs were mostly service jobs in the post-industrial era.
How does the amount of arable land in the U.S. compare to the amount of arable land in Canada?
Arable land makes up 1 billion acres in the U.S. - roughly 6 times as much as the 167 million acres in Canada.
What factors contributed to the spread of Cattle ranches and in turn the dairy farms in the United States?
- Breeds of cattle which need less room to graze grew.
- Improved feed sources