Neuro - Fall Q 1

  1. Which assumption is made by practitioners who use a strictly battery approach to solve a problem?
    Brain functions are localized
  2. Gall and Spurzheim, after measuring many different crania and correlating the bumps on the head with certain abilities, began the field of phrenology in the early 1800's. Which more modern model could stem from this?
    Localization
  3. The criteria for the field of neuropsychology and for calling oneself a neuropsychologist were establish in which conference?
    The Houston conference of 1997
  4. Who was so far ahead of his time, in the late 1800's, that it wasn't until the 1950's that people started to recognize his hierarchical model of brain function?
    John Hughlings Jackson
  5. Which one of the following is not a function of Luria's Second Functional Unit? 

    Sensation
    memory
    decision-making
    perception
    decision-making
  6. Who would likely not a "Lurian" or process approach to neuropsychological assessment?
    Ward Halstead
  7. Karl Lashley, in the 1930's, argued against the then current zeitgeist of brain functioning by demonstrating in dogs and arguing for brain function based on what?
    Exclusively cortical involvement in thinking and acting
  8. One of the motive for Ward Halstead to develop his neuropsychological battery was?
    His perception that Wechsler's work on intelligence was relevant to brain injury
  9. It is generally now accepted that the notion of cerebral dominance is?
    Archaic, the whole brain contributes to any task
  10. a robust model of mammalian brain function states that?
    Information is processed by more posterior structure and action by more anterior structures.
  11. What is not a function of neuropsych assessment?
    to determine an individual's degree of competence.
  12. The orbital medial prefrontal cortex is responsible for insight, self-awareness, and self-control.  If a person has lost all three which arteries are likely blocked?
    The anterior cerebellar arteries
  13. Which school of thought contributed to localizationist perspectives on brain functioning?
    Phrenology
  14. Who is one of the current neuropsychologist researchers and authors who dedicates a considerable amount of time and energy to diversity issues in assessment?
    Muriel Lezak
  15. Where are blood vessels on the surface of the brain typically "held in place?"
    The subarachnoid space
  16. The purpose of the cisterns in and around the brain are to?
    To channel CSF from the ventricles to the venous return system.
  17. Which one of the cerebral arteries provides blood to Broca's area?
    The middle cerebral artery
  18. Hydrocephalus is typically by blockage of the flow of CSF within the brain.  Perhaps the most vulnerable of the ventricles to become blocked is?
    Cerebral aqueduct
  19. A structure at the base of the brain that guarantees blood flow if one of the other arteries become blocked is the?
    Circle of Willis
  20. The middle cerebral artery covers much of the lateral and parietal cortices. It also provides blood to which other cortical areas?
    The medial parietal lobe (between the hemispheres)
  21. John sprained his neck by starring up at a solar eclipse.  He was looking up when he started to feel dizzy and passed out.  It was later determined he had a vascular accident in which vessel?
    The vertebral artery
  22. Advances in neuropsychology have shown us that with any severe diagnosis it is important to?
    rule out possible medical contributions/causes of the problem.
  23. What is Luria's first functional unit?
    • Comprised of structures and functions associated with arousal
    • primarily in the brain stem
    • incorporates sensory, vestibular, motor, emotional, and executive structures
  24. What is Luria's second functional unit?
    • Structures and functions associated with detecting, interpreting, and storing information.
    • gives a person a sense of context; past, present, and future
    • associated with the sensory and perceptual cortices (temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes)  and limbic system
  25. What is Luria's 3rd functional unit?
    • In charge of planning, organizing, execution, and verification of plans
    • primarily involves the frontal lobes
    • requires feedback an interaction with other functions.
  26. What is the Pia Mater
    • Thin layer of e[emdymal cells that surrounds the cortex
    • Keeps CSF from coming into to contact with the cortex.
    • helps to keep blood vessels in place
  27. What is the arachnoid layer?
    • a thin layer of connective tissue that lies under the dura mater and extends a web down to the Pia Mater
    • blood vessels are held in place by this web
    • also acts as a shock absorber
  28. What is the dura mater?
    Very sturdy and strong membrane that resist tearing and penetration by foreign objects
  29. Where does the superior sagittal sinus run?
    down the top of the brain between the two hemispheres
  30. Where does the transverse sinus run?
    • horizontal across the back of the brain
    • above the occipital lobe
Author
mdawg
ID
348949
Card Set
Neuro - Fall Q 1
Description
Neuro - Fall Q 1
Updated