Final Exam Survey of World History

  1. By 100 CE, Rome had reached the population of...
    A: Two million
    B: One million
    C: Half a million
    D: One hundred thousand
    B: One million
  2. The pontifex maximus was in charge of...
    A: Roman law
    B: Roman military
    C: Roman religion
    D: Roman assemblies
    C: Roman religion
  3. Roman respect for mos maiorum resulted in...
    A: Resistance to change and innovation
    B: Patriotism
    C: Respect for Greek customs
    D: Imperialistic attitude
    A: Resistance to change and innovation
  4. What is the best single best source of historical information about Augustus' perception of himself and his achievements?
    A: The writings of Augustan poets
    B: Statue of Augustus at the Villa or Livia in Prima Porta
    C: The Ara Pacis
    D: Augustus' Res Gestae
    D: Augustus Res Gestae
  5. Which legislation ended the early Republican Conflict of the Orders?
    A: Licinian-Sextian Law
    B: The Twelve Tables
    C: Lex Sempronia Agraria
    D: Lex Hortensia
    D: Lex Hortensia
  6. Which two former allies fought each other in the final civil war of the Roman Republic?
    A: Crassus and Pompey
    B: Caesar and Pompey
    C: Caesar and Crassus
    D: Marius and Sulla
    B: Caesar and Pompey
  7. The two most powerful neighbors of the early Romans were...
    A: Greeks in the north, and Etruscans in the south
    B: Etruscans in the north, and Greek colonies in the south
    C: Etruscans in the north, and Sabines in the south
    D: Phoenicians in the north, and the Latins in the south
    B: Etruscans in the north, and Greek colonies in the south
  8. The two main periods into which historians divide Roman history are...
    A: Republic and Dictatorship
    B: Republic and Empire
    C: Democracy and Empire
    D: Democracy and Republic
    B: Republic and Empire
  9. According to the biographer Plutarch, what was the first instance of political violence in Republican Rome?
    A: The assassination of Tiberius Gracchus
    B: The assassination of Julius Caesar
    C: The assassination of Garius Gracchus
    D: The assassination of Cincinnatus
    A: The assassination of Tiberius Gracchus
  10. What was so unusual about Cato the Elder's approach to writing Roman history?
    A: He did not include any names, but referred to individuals by titles
    B: He did not include any dates
    C: He wrote his history in poetry
    D: All of the above
    A: He did not include any names, but referred to individuals by titles
  11. Which of the following was NOT a reform that Gaius Marius instituted in the Roman army?
    A: Abolishing property requirement for military service
    B: Requiring troops to purchase and bring their own armor
    C: Reorganizing the structure of the Roman legion into cohorts
    D: Instituting pay for military service
    B: Requiring troops to purchase and bring their own armor
  12. Cincinnatus was seen as the ideal Roman in the Roman Republic because...
    A: He won an important military victory
    B: He resigned his position as dictator to return to his farm
    C: He showed self-sacrificial humility, and preferred Rome's interests above his own
    D: All of the above
    D: All of the above; He won an important military victory, he resigned his position as dictator to return to his farm, he showed self-sacrificial humility, and preferred Rome's interests above his own
  13. Apuleius' novel Metamorphoses shows that life in the Roman provinces during the Pax Romana was...
    A: Governed by religious rituals
    B: Overly regulated by the Empire
    C: Peaceful and enjoyable
    D: Dangerous and unpredictable
    D: Dangerous and unpredictable
  14. Which of the following was NOT a title that Augustus held?
    A: First Citizen
    B: Princeps
    C: Pater Patriae
    D: Dictator
    D: Dictator
  15. Which Julio-Claudian emperor retired to Capri for the final 11 years of his rule, trusting the bureaucratic machine to run the Empire without him?
    A: Tiberius
    B: Claudius
    C: Augustus
    D: Nero
    A: Tiberius
  16. In his argument against the traditional Roman concept of pax deorum, Augustine of Hippo proposed instead the argument that...
    A: There was nothing special about Rome
    B: Instead of focusing on Rome, people should focus on the kingdom of Heaven
    C: Both A and B
    D: None of the above
    C: Both A and B; There was nothing special about Rome and instead of focusing on Rome, people should focus on the kingdom of Heaven
  17. Rome's last pagan emperor was...
    A: Julian the Apostate
    B: Romulus Augustulus
    C: Theodosius
    D: Diocletian
    A: Julian the Apostate
  18. What horrific disaster befell the city of Rome in 410 CE?
    A: Earthquake
    B: The city was sacked by the Goths
    C: The city was sacked by the Parthians
    D: Plague
    B: The city was sacked by the Goths
  19. Vergil's Aeneid, Rome's national epic written during the Augustan Age, includes a myth about the origins of...
    A: The civil war of Marius and Sulla
    B: The civil wars of the late Republic
    C: Rome's wars with Carthage
    D: Rome's wars with Greece
    C: Rome's wars with Carthage
  20. What is the historical significance of the martyrdom story of Perpetua and Felicity?
    A: Their story shows the prominent place that women could play in the early church
    B: Their story shows Christianity as the great equalizer: while Perpetua was a noblewoman and Felicity her slave, the two were martyred together
    C: Their story shows Christians' rejection of traiditional Roman values and expectations
    D: All of the above
    D: All of the above; Their story shows the prominent place that women could play in the early church, their story shows Christianity
  21. The term Pax Romana refers to...
    A: The mythical period of peace, described in Vergil's Aeneid
    B: The mythical period of early Rome, before wars and expansion
    C: The Age of Augustus
    D: The period of the Empire from the Age of Augustus to the death of Emperor Marcus Aurelius
    D: The period of the Empire from the Age of Augustus to the death of Emperor Marcus Aurelius
  22. Which Julio-Claudian emperor died after eating a tasty dish of mushrooms?
    A: Claudius
    B: Tiberius
    C: Nero
    D: Augustus
    A: Claudius
  23. According to the historian Tacitus, what were the two secrets of empire that the Year 69 CE revealed?
    A: That emperors could be made outside the city of Rome, and that the army could make emperors
    B: That emperors could be made outside the city of Rome, and that the opinion of the Senate mattered a lot in the process
    C: That the army could make emperors, and that emperors were exceptionally easy to assassinate
    D: That emperors did not have to be Roman, and that religion mattered to their success or failure
    A: That emperors could be made outside the city of Rome, and that the army could make emperors
  24. Which key Christian doctrine did the First Council of Nicaea ratify?
    A: The doctrine of the historical Adam and Eve
    B: The doctrine of the Trinity
    C: The doctrine of the sanctity of the Eucharist
    D: The doctrine of the sanctity of the Emperor
    B: The doctrine of the Trinity
  25. Which period of Roman history did the nineteenth-century British historian Edward Gibbon call "the happiest age" of mankind?
    A: The Age of Constantine
    B: The period of the Five Good Emperors
    C: The Augustan Age
    D: The Julio-Claudian dynasty
    B: The period of the Five Good Emperors
  26. Umayyad Spain was significant in relation to Western Europe because...
    A: It was Spanish Muslim missionaries who eventually converted the kings of the Franks to Islam
    B: Spain's Umayyad rulers had sought to conquer all Christian lands and end learning and literary in them. In the Great Bible Burning of 766, a Muslim army marched from Spain all the way to Paris, burning every Bible that the soldiers could find
    C: Muslims in Umayyad Spain gained much of their scientific knowledge from Christians in Western Europe
    D: It would be through Umayyad Spain that the learning of the ancient world eventually moved to Western Europe
    D: It would be through Umayyad Spain that the learning of the ancient world eventually moved to Western Europe
  27. Which of the following is NOT true of the Frankish Major Domo Charles Martel (r. 715-741)?
    A: He deposed the last Merovingian king and made himself king
    B: He defeated a Muslim invasion of the Frankish kingdom
    C: He often seized lands from the Church in order to fund this army.
    D: He militarily defeated the Saxons
    A: He deposed the last Merovingian king and made himself king
  28. What was St. Augustine's view of human sexuality?
    A: That in the context of a Christian marriage, sexuality was always good
    B: That it could never be good
    C: That because people were given sexual desire by God, sexuality was inherently good.
    D: That sexuality could be good in the context of a Christian marriage, but even then, it had to be focused on having children and was still tainted by human greed and lust
    D: That sexuality could be good in the context of a Christian marriage, but even then, it had to be focused on having children and was still tainted by human greed and lust
  29. The Christianity missionary Boniface sought to prove that the God of the Christian religion was stronger than the gods worshiped by the Germanic peoples of Central Europe. He did so by...
    A: using logical persuasion
    B: chopping down a tree that was sacred to the Germanic god Thor
    C: claiming to call down fire from heaven. He raised his hands to the sky and the trees in front of hum burst into flame. Modern scholars think that he had soaked the tree with petroleum beforehand and then hidden a blasting cap at its base.
    D: Claiming that he could predict when any person would die
    B: chopping down a tree that was sacred to the Germanic god Thor
  30. What was the great controversy that divided the Byzantine Empire in the 8th and 9th centuries?
    A: Whether or not those Christians who had converted to Islam could be allowed to convert back to Christianity
    B: Whether or not Christians could use images in worship
    C: Whether or not Christians had to follow the dietary laws of the Old Testament
    D: Whether or not the Bible could be translated from Greek
    B: Whether or not Christians could use images in worship
  31. What was an advantage that the Frankish kingdom had compared to other kingdoms of Western Europe?
    A: It had fewer civil wars than the Visigothic kingdom did
    B: It had a more sophisticated bureaucracy
    C: It had one of the largest gold mines in the entire world
    D: It was the only kingdom that had the technology of gunpowder
    A: It had fewer civil wars than the Visigothic kingdom did
  32. In 25 December 800, Pope Leo III declared to Charlemagne to be...
    A: Patriarch of Constantinople
    B: Roman Emperor
    C: Pharaoh of Egypt
    D: Bishop of all the Saxons
    B: Roman Emperor
  33. When the Roman Empire in the west fell, ...
    A: The Roman state disintegrated, but literacy remained high
    B: The Roman state disintegrated, but cities remained large and populated
    C: The Roman state disintegrated, cities shrank drastically, and literacy went into decline
    D: The Visigoths quickly established a new Roman empire under their king Theodoric. This new Empire ruled all of what had been the Western Roman Empire
    C: The Roman state disintegrated, cities shrank drastically, and literacy went into decline
  34. How did the organization of the Carolingian state compare with that of the Tang state?
    A: The Carolingian government was about as sophisticated as that of Tang China, but its army was less well organized.
    B: The Carolingian government was at about the same level of sophistication as that of Tang China
    C: The Carolingian government was much more sophisticated than that of Tang China
    D: The Carolingian government was much less sophisticated than that of Tang China
    D: The Carolingian government was much less sophisticated than that of Tang China
  35. Under the Roman Law of Justinian, Jews...
    A: were allowed to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem
    B: gained full equality with Christians
    C: were forced to emigrate from the Eastern Roman Empire
    D: were subject to several civil disabilities
    D: were subject to several civil disabilities
  36. Non-Muslims living in Muslim-ruled territory...
    A: were required to provide military service to their Muslim rulers
    B: were given rights equal to those of their Muslim rulers
    C: were required to pay a tax called a jizya but otherwise allowed to practice their religion
    D: were required to convert to Islam or die
    C: were required to pay a tax called a jizya but otherwise allowed to practice their religion
  37. How did the status of women among the Arabs change after Muhammad?
    A: Prior to Islam, a woman could have multiple husbands, but under Islam, a woman was allowed only four husbands
    B: Prior to Islam, a woman had no choice in who she married, but under Islam, a woman had a choice in whom she married
    C: Prior to Muhammad, Arab women had had a choice in whom they married, but under Islam, they had no choices
    D: Prior to Islam, a man could have up to four wives, but under Islam, a man could have as many wives as he wanted at the same time as long as he could afford to support them
    D: Prior to Islam, a man could have up to four wives, but under Islam, a man could have as many wives as he wanted at the same time as long as he could afford to support them
  38. In the Battle of Yarmouk,...
    A: a civil war between Justinian and Narses, one of his greatest generals, ended when Justinian's cavalry defected to Narses, causing Justinian to lose the battle and Narses to become Eastern Roman Emperor
    B: a Persian army defeated an Arab Muslim army. As a result, although Egypt and Syria became part of the caliphate, Persia remained independent
    C: an Arab Muslim army defeated a Roman army. This Muslim victory would allow the Muslims to go on to conquer Roman territories in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine
    D: the Persians conquered the Roman Empire, establishing the reign of the Great King of Persia over all of Europe and Asia, a rule that he maintained for the next thousand years
    C: an Arab Muslim army defeated a Roman army. This Muslim victory would allow the Muslims to go on to conquer Roman territories in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine
  39. During the seventh through ninth centuries CE, Muslim thinkers...
    A: engaged in disputes over the juristic traditions, and by the ninth century, a consensus emerged that the Hadith (i.e., the saying of Muhammad) were a major source for the application of divine law to everyday life
    B: entrusted interpretation of the sharia (i.e., divine law) to a set of oracles who were said to go into a trance and then speak with the voice of an angel
    C: engaged in disputes over the juristic traditions, but never came to a consensus. To this day, Muslims regard interpretation of divine law as purely a matter of personal choice
    D: quickly achieved consensus in what sharia (i.e., divine law) would look like in human society. Most Muslim jurisprudence dates to within the decade after the Prophet Muhammad's death
    A: engaged in disputes over the juristic traditions, and by the ninth century, a consensus emerged that the Hadith (i.e., the saying of Muhammad) were a major source for the application of divine law to everyday life
  40. When Al-Mu'izz seized control of Egypt in 969, ...
    A: he maintained Sunni rule, and indeed got several prominent Sunni faqihs (i.e., jurists) to proclaim that he was the rightful caliph
    B: he instituted a Shi'ite government and forced all of Egypt's Muslims to convert to Shi'a Islam
    C: he gave himself the title of Kwisatz Haderach, the man who can be in all places, and proclaimed that as such, he was equal in knowledge and power to God
    D: he instituted a Shi'ite government, although most of Egypt's Muslim population remained Sunni
    D: he instituted a Shi'ite government, although most of Egypt's Muslim population remained Sunni
  41. Which of the following best describes jihad in Islam?
    A: The greater jihad refers to the struggle to live a moral life, while the lesser jihad refers to warfare in defense of Islam
    B: The lesser jihad refers to the struggle to live a moral life, while the greater jihad refers to warfare in defense of Islam
    C: All Muslims are required to kill a non-Muslim at least once in their lives and present the severed ear of the non-Muslim to the Caliph the hajj
    D: If a Muslim fasts and prays for long enough, he or she will gain the power to shoot lasers out of his or her eyes. Upon gaining this power, the Muslim will take the title of Wazir of Islam and, with his laser eyes, eliminate all unbelievers
    A: The greater jihad refers to the struggle to live a moral life, while the lesser jihad refers to warfare in defense of Islam
  42. What was one of the primary causes of the dispute that would eventually lead to the split between Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims?
    A: Whether or not translations of the Qur'an into Greek were still the word of God
    B: Whether God is one and indivisible, or whether God has an evil aspect of His nature called 'Iblis who tempts people to sin and who, at the end of the world, will swallow all nations into darkness
    C: Whether 'Ali, Muhammad's son-in-law, should have succeeded to the rule of the Muslim faithful, or whether a new caliph should be chosen by consensus
    D: Whether rule of the Muslim faithful should have passed on to the children of Muhammad's sister Alia or to Muhammad's half-brothers, the children of his mother Jisika
    C: Whether 'Ali, Muhammad's son-in-law, should have succeeded to the rule of the Muslim faithful, or whether a new caliph should be chosen by consensus
  43. In addition to having defeated the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem in battle, Salah al-Din's other major accomplishment was to have...
    A: defeated a Mongol invasion of the Middle East
    B: conquered the city of Constantiople itself
    C: overthrown the Shi'ite Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt
    D: established Shi'a Islam throughout the Middle East
    C: overthrown the Shi'ite Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt
  44. Which of the following is NOT a guide to behavior for Muslims?
    A: The Hadith, a set of teachings of Muhammad used to illustrate a concept
    B: The Sunna, teachings of the Prophet that are not found in the Qur'an
    C: The al-Azif, a set of prophecies delivered to 'Abd al-Hazrad
    D: The Qur'an, the word of God that came to the Prophet Muhammad
    C: The al-Azif, a set of prophecies delivered to 'Abd al-Hazrad
  45. In Roman law after the Empire was Christianized, Jews were...
    A: granted equal rights with Christians
    B: permitted to hold public office, but forbidden from testifying in court against Christians
    C: forbidden from holding public office and testifying in court against Christians
    D: forbidden from holding public office, but allowed to testify in court against Christians
    C: Forbidden from holding public office and testifying in court against Christians
  46. "He has sent down upon thee the Book with the truth, confirming what was before it, and He sent down the Torah and the Gospel aforetime,
    A: and Jews shall read their Torah and Christians their Gospels, but for those of other peoples and tribes, He sent His messenger Muhammad, peace be upon him."
    B: as a test to his people, for the Torah and Gospel are false, and only those of true discernment may ascertain this falsehood."
    C: as guidance to the people, and He sent down the Salvation
    D: to stand for all time."
    C: as guidance to the people, and He sent down the Salvation
  47. The Quran states that Abraham was...
    A: a Muslim
    B: a Christian
    C: a Zoroastrian
    D: a Jew
    D: a Jew
  48. How would you characterize the Pact of Umar?
    A: The Pact provides Christians with rights that are equal to those of their Muslim conquerors
    B: The Pact allows Christians to maintain their own worship, but it also subjects them to several restrictions placed on them by their Muslim conquerors
    C: The Pact is a set of religious oracles, writings that are said to have come down from the gods
    D: The Pact is the terms of surrender of Arabia's Muslims to their Roman Christian conquerors
    B: The Pact allows Christians to maintain their own worship, but it also subjects them to several restrictions placed on them by their Muslim conquerors
  49. When Vikings attacked Paris in 845, the end result was that...
    A: they withdrew when an outbreak of sickness struck their camp
    B: they city's defenders resisted, but in the end king Charles the Bald paid them to withdraw
    C: they seized the city and put it to a brutal sack
    D: the city's defenders drove them away
    B: they city's defenders resisted, but in the end king Charles the Bald paid them to withdraw
  50. Charlemagne had...
    A: no children
    B: several sons and daughters, but two of his sons and one of his daughters died before him
    C: several sons
    D: only one son
    B: several sons and daughters, but two of his sons and one of his daughters died before him
  51. Arab scholars chronicling the history of Ghana were most impressed with the state's ____.
    A: Strong military
    B: Plantation economy
    C: Political centralization
    D: Monopoly over the gold trade
    D: Monopoly over the gold trade
  52. All of the following are methodological challenges of studying Ancient and Medieval African History EXCEPT:
Author
hunter82
ID
348935
Card Set
Final Exam Survey of World History
Description
The final exam for Survey of World History
Updated